Who is an American citizen? 1. 2. 4. 2. 3. 6.. 5. 5. 6.
Who is a Citizen? • A natural born or naturalized person who pledges allegiance to a government and is entitled to protection from it. • The 14thAmendment to the Constitution outlines who is a citizen
Natural Born: • Person born within U. S. territory (ex. Puerto Rico, military base in foreign country) • Person born outside of the United States with at least one American parent
Naturalized Citizen: • A person born in another country who has gone through a process to become an American citizen
Rights– Freedoms given to citizens Responsibilities (Duties) – Something citizens should do
CITIZENSHIPRights (some) Responsibilities Outlined in Bill of Rights (amendments 1- 10) • Freedom of speech • Freedom of religion • Right to bear arms • Right to a fair trial and an attorney Also: • Receive an education (K-12) • Vote for political leaders • Run for political office and many more! • Obey all laws • Pay taxes • Serve in military • Serve on jury • Participate in community • Be informed about political issues • Vote & elect political leaders and many more!
Citizens and Residents Types of American Residents Citizen - a natural born or naturalized person • Constitution – protects rights of citizens • Two Unique Rights: 1. run for political office 2. vote Aliens - Legal and Illegal Refugees - People pushed from their home seeking refuge in another land
Legal Residents • Citizens • Visa holders – temporary US residents (pay taxes, strong work ethic, talented, motivated individuals) • Employment: employer files paperwork and pays for worker to come to US • Family Sponsored: family members file paper work and pay for immigrant to come to US • Educational: issued to students who choose to study at American schools/universities
Legal Residents • Green Card holders – permanent US residents (cannot vote or run for office) • Lawful permanent residents who are granted permission to reside and work legally in the US • Must have a green card to apply for citizenship
Illegal Residents • Illegal Aliens - anyone who resides in US without updated paperwork • Examples: 1. Individuals with expired Visas 2. Those who snuck into country illegally Approximately 11 million undocumented residents live in the United States today. If anything, what should be done regarding these 11 million illegal residents? What does the Statue of Liberty symbolize?