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How the 2004 Avian Influenza Outbreak on the Delmarva Peninsula Was Controlled. Dr. Nathaniel L. Tablante Associate Prof. and Extension Poultry Veterinarian University of Maryland College Park. History of Delmarva Outbreaks. 2/05/04 (1 st outbreak)

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how the 2004 avian influenza outbreak on the delmarva peninsula was controlled

Howthe 2004 Avian InfluenzaOutbreak on the Delmarva Peninsula Was Controlled

Dr. Nathaniel L. Tablante

Associate Prof. and Extension Poultry Veterinarian

University of Maryland College Park

history of delmarva outbreaks
History of Delmarva Outbreaks
  • 2/05/04 (1st outbreak)
    • 2-house, 12,000 bird independent poultry farm in Farmington, DE
  • 2/08/04 (2nd outbreak)
    • 73,800 commercial roaster farm 7 miles south of 1st outbreak
  • 3/04/04 (3rd outbreak)
    • 134,400 six-week old broilers in Pocomoke, MD
preparation
Preparation
  • Learned from 2002 H7N2 outbreak in Virginia
  • Delmarva Poultry Industry, Inc. (DPI) Emergency Poultry Disease Task Force (EPDTF) and state departments of agriculture updated their emergency poultry disease guidelines and procedures
  • Re-affirmed MOU
quick response
Quick Response
  • EPDTF was mobilized as soon as AI was confirmed on a poultry farm near Farmington, Delaware on February 5, 2004
  • EPDTF promptly implemented a preset eradication and control plan
team work and cooperation
Team Work and Cooperation
  • Poultry industry (lead role)
  • Diagnostic Labs (MDA Salisbury, UDel Lasher Lab)
  • MDA, DDA, VDA, WVDA, USDA
  • Cooperative Extension (MD, DE)
  • Allied industries
  • MD, DE, and VA State police
major activities
Major Activities
  • Quarantine
  • Depopulation
  • In-house composting
  • Increased biosecurity
  • Surveillance
  • Rapid diagnosis (RRT-PCR)
the role of cooperative extension alert in an emergency disease outbreak
The Role of Cooperative Extension (ALERT) in an Emergency Disease Outbreak
  • Educate, don’t regulate
    • Provide accurate and timely information
      • Fact sheets (paper and online)
      • Phone calls
      • Emails
      • Media inquiries (Newspapers, TV, Radio)
  • Cooperate, don’t dictate
    • Be a team player
final thoughts
Final Thoughts
  • AI virus:
    • does not care about politics
    • does not recognize state lines
    • will spread if given the slightest opportunity
  • The best weapon against AI or any emergency disease is BIOSECURITY!