Paradigm Shifts in Institutional Research Dr. Daina Paupe Henry College of William and Mary SAIR 2005 – Charleston, SC
Or “Who Moved My Cheese?”By Spencer Johnson, M.D. SAIR OCT 2005
“Who moved my cheese?” • “Once, long ago in a land far away, there lived four little characters who ran through a Maze looking for cheese to nourish them and make them happy.” • Their names were Sniff, Scurry, Hem and Haw. SAIR OCT 2005
Where did the cheese go? SAIR OCT 2005
Sniff SAIR OCT 2005
Scurry SAIR OCT 2005
Hem SAIR OCT 2005
Haw SAIR OCT 2005
“Who took my cheese?” SAIR OCT 2005
Haw’s advice to Hem • Having “cheese” makes you happy. • The more important your “cheese” is to you, the more you want to hold on to it (or to get it back, when it is missing.) SAIR OCT 2005
Exercise 1 • What is your “cheese”? What makes you happy? What would make you happy? What is the best “cheese” in the world? • On the paper labeled Exercise 1, make a list of three things that make you happy- something which if taken away you would want to get back?
Haw’s clue on adaptation • If you do not adapt to “new cheese”, you can become extinct. SAIR OCT 2005
Haw’s advice on fear • What would or could you do if you were not afraid? • When you stop feeling afraid, you can start to feel good. SAIR OCT 2005
Haw and cognitive dissonance • Imagining yourself enjoying your new cheese can lead you to it. SAIR OCT 2005
Haw’s advice on environmental scanning • Smell the cheese often - so you know when it is getting old. • Movement in a new direction helps you find cheese. SAIR OCT 2005
Haw’s words on getting to your goal • The quicker you let go of old cheese, the sooner you find new cheese. • It is better to search in the maze, than remain in a cheese-less situation. SAIR OCT 2005
Courage quotes • “When I am holding on to the past, I don’t have my hands free to reach the future.” • “To cross an ocean, you have to leave sight of land.” SAIR OCT 2005
Haw puts first things first • Noticing small changes early helps you adapt to the bigger changes that are to come. SAIR OCT 2005
Haw puts it into perspective • Haw started to change as soon as he had learned to laugh at himself and at what he had been doing wrong. SAIR OCT 2005
“NEW CHEESE!!!” SAIR OCT 2005
Exercise 2 • The situation just described happens everyday. On the paper with the mice, think about a business/personal situation you have experienced. Label the cartoons Hem, Haw, Sniff and Scurry with the initials of the people who fit those characteristics. Label the old and new cheese.
Dictionary definition of paradigm • “a philosophical and theoretical framework of a scientific school or discipline within which theories, laws, and generalizations and the experiments performed in support of them are formulated” SAIR OCT 2005
What is a paradigm? • They are a set of assumptions, beliefs, philosophies, and “ways of doing things”. • They are habits and processes. • And until they change, we usually don’t notice them. SAIR OCT 2005
What are paradigm shifts? • Paradigm shifts are changes from one way of thinking to another. It is a different view of the same thing. It is a change in perspective. SAIR OCT 2005
How and when do they happen? • Paradigm shifts happen everyday. • New technology. • New knowledge. • New people. • New circumstances. SAIR OCT 2005
Thomas Kuhn • “Structure of Scientific Revolutions” • Galileo and Einstein • Process of change in science. SAIR OCT 2005
Why are there paradigm shifts? • Change happens (*&##!!#$% happens). • Change is inevitable. SAIR OCT 2005
Exercise 3 • On the sheet labeled Exercise 3, list at least 1 but no more than five things that never, ever, ever change, not in the slightest. • Compare your list with the person next to you. Be prepared to discuss your answers.
“The Handwriting on the Wall” • Change happens • Anticipate change • Monitor change • Adapt to the change quickly • Change yourself • Enjoy change • Be ready to change again… SAIR OCT 2005
Change quotes • “For everything there is a season, there is a time to reap and a time to sow, a time to live, and a time to die.” • “We cannot change the wind, but we can adjust the sails.” SAIR OCT 2005
Exercise 4 • You have been provided with a copy of the Holmes Rahe Stress Test. Please take 5 minutes to complete the test and grade yourself. • What knowledge did you gain from this?
Change is inevitable. • The Holmes Rahe Test is a test of stress – most of the items imply a change of some sort to your life. • Notice Christmas and vacations are on the list. SAIR OCT 2005
Break time… SAIR OCT 2005
Two types of change • There are basically two types of change in life: ones that you can control and ones that you cannot. SAIR OCT 2005
Serenity Prayer • “God grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change, the courage to change the things I can, and the wisdom to know the difference.” SAIR OCT 2005
Exercise 5 • On the sheet labeled Exercise 5, there is a list of changes. • For those you have no control over draw an arrow to the left. • For those you do have control over draw an arrow to the right. • What can you conclude?
Two types of change • You cannot control external events. • You can control internal ones. • And most importantly, you can control YOUR REACTION to external events. SAIR OCT 2005
Psychology of change • When situations change two things happen: • Assimilation • Accomodation SAIR OCT 2005
Psychology of change • Kubler Ross 5 stages of grief: • Denial • Anger • Bargaining • Depression • Acceptance SAIR OCT 2005
Adjusting to change. • Hem never changed his reaction to an external event. • Hem never became proactive, never took control. SAIR OCT 2005
Exercise 6 • First, on the sheet labeled Exercise 6, what would you change about yourself if you could? • Second, what would you change about the world around you? • Lastly, how could you change to make the change in number 2 happen?
What can we learn from Sniff, Scurry and Haw? SAIR OCT 2005
Sniff SAIR OCT 2005
Scurry SAIR OCT 2005
Haw SAIR OCT 2005
Change comes from within • “You can lead a horse to water, but you cannot make it drink.” SAIR OCT 2005
Covey’s 7 habits and change • Be proactive – I am in control of my world and its changes. • The cheese is gone and what am I going to do about it. SAIR OCT 2005
Begin with the end in mind. • The cheese is gone. • I want cheese. • I must therefore find new cheese. • Visualize what new cheeses you can find. SAIR OCT 2005
Put first things first. • Start with the first step. • Take a step into the maze. • Write on the walls. SAIR OCT 2005