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Participatory Budgeting. Daniel Marko Direct Dem ocracy Civic Association. Participatory Budgeting - output. Basic Infos about PB - 3 BA Case experiences 10 – 15 – 3 Details about the method Others experiences Praxis How to enable PB

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participatory budgeting

Participatory Budgeting

Daniel Marko

DirectDemocracyCivicAssociation

participatory budgeting output
ParticipatoryBudgeting - output
  • BasicInfosabout PB - 3
  • BA Caseexperiences 10 – 15 – 3
    • Detailsabout the method
  • Othersexperiences
  • Praxis
  • How to enable PB
  • Tools in methods, strategies, techniques
  • Resources for more info
  • LessonsLearned – whatwork, didnotwork, whatwazseffective, whatwould I changeif done again
what is pb
Whatis PB?
  • The PB combines direct democracy with representative democracy, an achievementthat should be preserved and valued.”
  • PB is aform of participatory democracy - combination of elements of director semi-direct democracy with representative democracy.
  • No single definition, differs greatly from oneplace to the next.
  • PB is "a mechanism (or process) throughwhich the population decides on, or contributes to decisions made on, the destinationof all or part of the available public resources.“
  • Porto Alegre (Brazil) - majority of the Brazilian cases: "Participatory Budgeting is a processof direct, voluntary and universal democracy, where the people can debate anddecide on public budgets and policy.
  • The citizen’s participation is not limited to theact of voting to elect the executive or the legislators, but also decides on spendingpriorities and controls the management of the government.
  • Enablementof traditional politics and becomes a permanent protagonist of public administration.
participatory bugeting world
Participatory Bugeting - World
  • 300 citiesworldwidewith PB
  • Lessthan 20,000 inhabitants(Icapuíand Mundo Novo in Brazil; Rheinstetten, Germany; or Grottomare,Italy)
  • Mega-cities like Buenos Aires or São Paulo
  • Ruralor semi-ruralmunicipalities (like Governador Valadares, Brazil)
  • Totallyurbanised ones(Belo Horizonte)
  • Withscarce public resources - like Villa El Salvador in Peru (with an annual budget equal to US$20 per inhabitant)
  • European cities with higher levels of funds (municipal incomes of US$2,000 percapita or more).
benefits of pb
Benefits of PB
  • Deepeningof the exercise of democracy,
    • dialogue of publicauthorities with their citizenry.
  • Stateaccountable to its citizens and contribute to the modernizationof publicmanagement
  • Latin America – PB tool to re-order socialpriorities and promote social justice
    • Citizens go from being simple observers to protagonistsin public administration,
    • full, active, critical and demandingparticipants.
    • PB gives citizens better opportunities for accessto works and services like basic sanitation, street paving, transportation improvementsand health and educational centres.
    • The citizens define their priorities,
    • Havingthechance to significantly improve their quality of life, in a relatively short timeframe.
    • Possibilityto control and monitor the execution of thebudget.
  • PB also stimulates processes of administrative modernisationand feeds into the strategic planning process of the municipality.
preconditions of implementation
Preconditions of Implementation
  • Clearpolitical will of the Mayor and the other municipal decisionmakers.- commitments are concretisedinto tangible investments.
  • Presenceand interest of civil society organizations
  • Clearand shared definition of the rules of the game.
    • amounts to be discussed,
    • the stages and their respective time periods,
    • the rulesfor decision-making
    • the method of distributing responsibility, authorityand resources among the different districts and neighbourhoods of the city, andthe composition of the Participatory Budget Council.
  • Will to build the capacity of the population and the municipalofficials, on public budgeting in general as well as the Participatory Budget inparticular. This entails explaining the amounts, sources of funds and current systemof expenditures. It is also important to clarify which areas of public spending are themunicipality’s responsibility and which rest beyond the local authority.
  • Widespreaddissemination of information through all possiblemeans. Dates and venues of meetings, and the rules of the game which havebeen decided upon, must be shared with the population.
  • Prioritisationof demands, set by the populationand linked to technical criteria
    • that include an analysis of the existing shortfalls in infrastructureand public services. This is important in order to facilitate a fairerdistribution of resources.
workshop
Workshop
  • Definebasicarguments for settingup PB in yourmunicipality/city
  • Setup a basicimplementationplan for yourmunicipality/city