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THE CDM LANDSCAPE IN GHANA. Solomon Kojo Quansah KITE. PRESENTATION OUTLINE. GHANA’S INITIAL COMMUNICATION CDM PROJECT CYCLE GHANA’S DNA STRUCTURE SD CRITERIA & APPROVAL PROCESS DNA’s WEBSITE. Ghana’s UNFCCC and KP Implementation Efforts. Ghana’s Initial National Communication

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THE CDM LANDSCAPE IN GHANA


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the cdm landscape in ghana

THE CDM LANDSCAPE IN GHANA

Solomon Kojo Quansah

KITE

presentation outline
PRESENTATION OUTLINE
  • GHANA’S INITIAL COMMUNICATION
  • CDM PROJECT CYCLE
  • GHANA’S DNA STRUCTURE
  • SD CRITERIA & APPROVAL PROCESS
  • DNA’s WEBSITE

The CDM LANDSCAPE IN GHANA

ghana s unfccc and kp implementation efforts
Ghana’s UNFCCC and KP Implementation Efforts

Ghana’s Initial National Communication

  • Greenhouse gas emissions inventory
  • Vulnerability and adaptation Assessment
    • Impacts of Climate on
      • Water Resources
      • Agriculture
      • Coastal Zone
  • Mitigation Options
    • Reduction of Emissions from Energy
    • Enhancement of sink capacity through forest protection and regeneration
vulnerability and adaptation assessments
Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessments
  • The Netherlands Climate Change Studies Assistance Programme (NCCSAP 1)
  • Impacts of climate change Water Resources, agriculture and coastal zone
impacts of climate change on water resources in ghana
Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources in Ghana
  • Reduction in flows between 15-20% and 30-40% for the year 2020 and 2050 respectively in all the basins.
  • Irrigation water demand was to increase to about 40% and 150% for 2020 and 2050 due to climate change respectively and 5% and 17% without climate change
  • Hydropower generation could seriously be affected by climate change leading about 60% reduction in available water in all basins by 2020, already is being felt.
impacts on agriculture production
Impacts on Agriculture Production
  • V&A was done for cereal production, specifically for maize, millet, rice and sorghum
  • It was projected that the yield of maize would decrease to 6.9% in the year 2020.
  • The yield of millet, however, would not be affected by climate change because millet is more drought-tolerant and therefore insensitive to temperature rise
impacts on coastal zone
Impacts on Coastal Zone
  • Direct inundation (or submergence) of low-lying wetland and dry-land areas
  • Erosion of soft shores by increasing offshore loss of sediment, e.g. 3m per year along the east coast is now occurring
  • Increases in salinity of estuaries and aquifers
  • Exacerbated coastal flooding and storm damage.
  • These impacts will in turn influence coastal habitats, bio-diversity and socio-economic activities
  • Estimated cost of protecting all shorelines (550km) at risk with populations greater than 10 persons per km2 with seawalls is US$1.14 billion (based on 2000 cost estimates). The protection of only the important areas, reduces that cost to US$590 million.
results of ghana coastal zone vulnerability assessment
Results of Ghana Coastal Zone Vulnerability Assessment
  • It has been estimated that:
    • 3.3% of the population within the coastal zone is at risk as a result of inundation and shoreline recession and this population is mainly within the east coast,
    • In the east coast, the erosion of the shores may be occurring at an average rate of 3 m per year
    • A total of 1,110 km2 of land along the coast will be lost if nothing is done to protect them. Most of the affected areas are within the east coast
what must ghana do
What Must Ghana do?
  • Remember – the commitment period 2012 is fast approaching
  • Ghana has set up the Designated National Authority (DNA) - EPA.
  • The DNA regulations and Approval Process is far advanced in its development.
  • Some project developers are developing projects and you need to be a part.
dna organizational structure

Minister

Min. L. Gov. fmly MES

EPA

UNFCC Secretariat/EB

CDM Governing council

Project Developers

DNA Organizational Structure

EPA, the guidelines and regulations governing project DNA has been completed awaiting ministerial assent.

AD Hoc technical Com.

The CDM LANDSCAPE IN GHANA

slide13
The CDM LANDSCAPE IN GHANA

….innovating energy solutions….

dna approval sd criteria
DNA Approval-SD Criteria

Social

  • Good Governance, Poverty reduction, Creating employment, Creating economic opportunities, Equitable access and utilisation of resources, Skill and expertise development, Access to affordable energy

Economic

  • Promote economic growth, Promoting Investments, Provide macro economic benefits, such as foreign exchange generation, Equitable access and participation to economic opportunities

Environmental

  • Improve local environment, Local air quality, Environmental health issues, Sustainable forests management, Development of environmental friendly technologies,

The CDM LANDSCAPE IN GHANA

….innovating energy solutions….

ghana approval process
Ghana Approval Process

Rejection/clarification

Review by Members of CDMGC/Ad-hoc committee

Prepare PDD

Submission of Pin

LNO issued

Issue LOA

Submit verified PDD

Develop project

Review by CDMCG/AC

Rejection/clarification

The CDM LANDSCAPE IN GHANA

projects opportunities
PROJECTS & OPPORTUNITIES
  • GOPDC Palm Oil Mill Effluent project: -opportunities for bundling being explored
  • The Energy Foundation 7 pre-approved
    • TOR - Energy Efficiency and Fuel Switching at Tema Oil Refinery
    • ECG/VRA - Fuel Switching from Crude Oil to Natural Gas as combustion oil for a 100MW Thermal Power Plant
    • Etc

The CDM LANDSCAPE IN GHANA

dna s website
DNA’s Website
  • www.dnaghana.com OR www.dnaghana.org
  • Currently being hosted on www.kiteonline.net/cdmghana

The CDM LANDSCAPE IN GHANA