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William Shakespeare. ?. When was Shakespeare born? A. January 16, 1901 B. April 21, 1664 C. April 23, 1564 D. January 11, 1492. Shakespeare’s Early Life. William Shakespeare was born on April 23, 1564 in Stratford-on-Avon . Existed during the Elizabethan Period .

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slide2
?
  • When was Shakespeare born?

A. January 16, 1901

B. April 21, 1664

C. April 23, 1564

D. January 11, 1492

shakespeare s early life
Shakespeare’s Early Life
  • William Shakespeare was born on April 23, 1564 in Stratford-on-Avon.
  • Existed during the Elizabethan Period
shakespeare s early life1
Shakespeare’s Early Life
  • William Shakespeare was born on April 23, 1564 in Stratford-on-Avon.
  • Existed during the Elizabethan Period
  • Parents: John Shakespeare and Mary Arden
his family
His family
  • At eighteen, he married Anne Hathaway
his family1
His family
  • At eighteen, he married Anne Hathaway
  • Together they raised two daughters:
    • Susanna, who was born in 1583
    • Judith (whose twin brother died in boyhood), born in 1585
slide11
?
  • In what theater did Shakespeare perform his plays?

A. The Rose

B. The Golden Apple

C. The Rose Bud

D. The Globe

slide12
1599
  • Shakespeare joined a group called the Chamberlain's Men, a company that would build and operate a new playhouse:
  • The Globe theater.
his audience
His Audience
  • Groundlings – lower-class audience members who stood for the duration of the play; paid a penny or less
his audience1
His Audience
  • Groundlings – lower-class audience members who stood for the duration of the play; paid a penny or less
  • Nobility – Kings and Queens; a company could get arrested for certain vulgarity during plays, but not Shakespeare’s
slide20
?
  • True or False?

Women were not allowed as actors in theater; therefore, men played the parts of female characters in Shakespeare’s plays.

the performance
The Performance
  • All male cast
  • Very little to no stage directions
  • No curtain; change of scene and acts depended on dramatic speeches:
    • Soliloquy – a character is alone on stage speaking his or her thoughts out loud
    • Monologue – a character is with others on stage; the character is the only one talking
slide23
?
  • The majority of Shakespeare’s sonnets examined the themes of:

A. Time, Love, and Beauty

B. Death, Hate, and Ugliness

C. Love, Birth, and Death

D. Nature and the Seasons

his sonnets
His Sonnets
  • Sonnets, not plays made Shakespeare famous and wealthy.
  • The Sonnets of Shakespeare, consists of 154 sonnets
  • Sonnets 1-126 - addressed to a beloved friend, a handsome and noble young man
  • Sonnets 127-152 - to a malignant but fascinating "Dark Lady," whom the poet loves in spite of himself.
  • Nearly all of Shakespeare's sonnets examine the inevitable decay of time, and the immortalization of beauty and love in poetry.
slide25
?
  • Romeo and Juliet is considered a(n):

A. Tragedy

B. Romance

C. History

D. Comedy

his plays
His Plays
  • Shakespeare wrote more than 30 plays.
  • These are usually divided into four categories:

1). Histories – Henry VI

2). Comedies – Comedy of Errors

3). Tragedies –Hamlet, Macbeth, and Romeo and Juliet

4). Romances - The Tempest

comedy or tragedy1
Comedy or Tragedy?

Comedy Tragedy

- Mostly everyone gets - Mostly everyone dies

married in the end. in the end.

- Mythical, magical - Realistic characters,

creatures royalty and nobility

- Several couples have - The main characters

humorous conflicts cause their own downfall.

his death
His Death
  • He died on April 23, 1616, and was buried two days later at Stratford Church.
his epitaph
His Epitaph
  • “Good Friend, for Jesus' sake forbeare.To digg the dust encloasedheare:Bleste be the man that spares these stones,And curst be he that moves my bones.”