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The History of Rome. Pretty much anything you need to know about Rome’s history through the time of “Gladiator”. Otherwise known as… “How This…. …Got to Look Like This”:. Foundation . A long time ago in a country pretty far away…. There was a guy named Romulus. This guy .

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slide1

The History of Rome

Pretty much anything you need to know about Rome’s history through the time of “Gladiator”

slide2

Otherwise known as…

“How This…

foundation

Foundation

A long time ago in a country pretty far away…

monarchy

Monarchy

I. Romulus

II. Numa Pompilius

III. Tullus Hostilius

IV. Ancus Marcius

etruscans
Etruscans

-Tarquinius Priscus

-Servius Tullius

-Tarquinius Superbus

the roman republic
The Roman Republic
  • 509 BC
  • 2 consuls: Brutus and Collatinus
early republic
Early Republic
  • Establishment of political system
  • Growth through Italy
  • Overtaking Etruscans and Greeks
conflicts with carthage
Conflicts with Carthage
  • 264-241 BC
  • 218-201 BC
  • 149-146 BC
  • After these wars,

Carthage looked

pretty much like

this…

marius and sulla
Marius and Sulla

The Fight

The senate gave a command

to Sulla, but the people’s assembly

Gave the command to Marius

  • Consul 7 times
  • One of Rome’s best generals
  • Reformed military eligibility
  • - Marius’ lieutenant
  • Consul 88 BC
  • Dictator 81-79
  • Huge Reforms
julius caesar
Julius Caesar

*100 BC – 44 BC

*Consul in 59 BC

*War in Gaul (59-51)

first triumvirate
First Triumvirate
  • 60 BC – 53 BC
  • Pompey, Crassus, and Caesar
civil war
Civil War
  • Caesar’s daughter and Pompey’s wife, Julia, dies
  • Crassus is defeated at Carrhae fighting the Parthians
  • Pompey becomes leader of the Senate, who use him to get at Caesar
rise of octavian
Rise of Octavian

Born in 63 BC

Caesar’s grand-nephew

43 BC: 2nd Triumvirate

augustus princeps
Augustus Princeps

Ruled from

27 BC – 14 AD

  • Expansion
  • Building
  • Establish an heir
pax augustana romana
Pax Augustana/Romana
  • 27 BC – 180 AD
  • Moderation in expansion and inhibition of generals by the emperors
tiberius 14 37 ad
Tiberius (14-37 AD)
  • Not a bad start
  • Retirement @

Capri

  • Sejanus
  • Macro
caligula 37 41 ad
Caligula (37-41 AD)

Again… not a bad

Start, but…

…a horrible end

claudius 41 54 ad
Claudius (41-54 AD)

Stammering, stuttering,

slobbering, and

outstandingly smart

nero 54 68 ad
Nero (54-68 AD)
  • - The last Julio-Claudian
  • Seneca and Burrus
  • Poppaea Sabina
  • Fire of 64 AD
  • Christians
  • “qualis artifex pereo!”
year of the four emperors2
Year of the Four Emperors

X

GALBA

VITELLIUS

OTHO

X

69 AD

year of the four emperors3
Year of the Four Emperors

X

GALBA

VITELLIUS

OTHO

VESPASIAN

X

X

69 AD

flavians
Flavians

70-79 AD

Vespasian

flavians1
Flavians

79-81 AD

Titus

Vespasian

flavians2
Flavians

Titus

Vespasian

Domitian

five good emperors3
Five Good Emperors

Trajan

Hadrian

Nerva

five good emperors4
Five Good Emperors

Antoninus

Pius

Trajan

Hadrian

Nerva

five good emperors5
Five Good Emperors

Antoninus

Pius

Trajan

Marcus

Aurelius

Hadrian

Nerva

trajan all about expanding the empire
Trajan – all about expanding the empire
  • The empire went from this…
antoninus pius
Antoninus Pius

138-161 AD

Peaceful Rule

– never left Italy

marcus aurelius and verus
Marcus Aurelius and Verus

160-180 AD

161-169 AD

marcus aurelius and verus1
Marcus Aurelius and Verus
  • Constant warfare
  • “Meditations”
  • He did not believe

in an afterlife and

emphasized virtue,

patience, and good

deeds

commodus
Commodus

180-192 AD