“Academic recognition of study periods spent abroad” Basileus project Serbia June 2009 Janerik Lundquist. www.bolognaprocess.i t. LEUVEN/LLN MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE. Priorities for the next decade to come: LLL; Employability; Student - centred learning; International openness and mobility;.
Priorities for the next decade to come:
Student - centred learning;
International openness and mobility;
Which student mobility do we want? “…opportunities for mobility shall be created in the structure of degree programmes. Joint degrees and programmes as well as mobility windows shall become more common practice. Flexible study paths and full recognition of study achievements (…) are necessary requirements. Mobility should also lead to a more balanced flow of incoming and outgoing students (…)”.
and joint degrees
20% by 2020
“We believe that mobility of students, early stage researchers and staff enhances the quality of programmes and excellence in research; it strengthens the academic and cultural internationalization of European higher education. Mobility is important for personal development and employability.”
The general use of the European Credit Accumulation and Transfer System (ECTS) is one of the objectives of the Bologna Process for the creation of the European Higher Education Area.
Main characteristics of the European Credit Accumulation and Transfer System
Published by the European Commission in February 2009
ECTS credits are based on the workload students need in order to achieve expected learning outcomes.
Learning outcomes describe what a learner is expected to know, understand and be able to do after successful completion of a process of learning
Workload indicates the time students typically need to complete all learning activities (such as lectures, seminars, projects, practical work, independent study and examinations) required to achieve the expected learning outcomes.
allocated to entire study programmes as well as to their educational components (such as modules, course units, dissertation work, work placements);
the number of credits ascribed to each component is based on its weight in terms of the workload students need in order to achieve the learning outcomes in a formal context.
ECTS KEY FEATURES - 2009
awarded to individual students after completion of the learning activities and the succesful assessment of the achieved learning outcomes;
may be accumulated by students with a view to obtaining qualifications, as decided by the degree awarding institutions.
ECTS KEY FEATURES - 2009
Credits may be transferred into another programme, offered by the same or another institution. This transfer can only take place if the degree awarding institution recognises the credits and the associated learning outcomes.
Partner institution should agree in advance on the recognition of periods of study abroad.
Credits transfer and accumulation are facilitated by the use of the ECTS key documents:
as well as the Diploma Supplement
Amongst other, it should include information on: credit allocation, qualifications awarded, learning outcomes, description of individual course units, …
Student application form
The ECTS Student Application Form has been developed for mobile students who will spend a limited study period in another institution. The ECTS Student Application Form contains all the essential information about a mobile student that a prospective host institution needs.
Learning Agreement (cont.):
A student should not be asked to negotiate academic recognition with individual academic staff members.
Transcript of Records and Recognition Sheet
They are important formal document, providing evidence of progress and recognition.
They ensure that students have an accurate and up-to-date record of their progress, the educational components they have taken, the number of ECTS credits they have achieved and the grades they have been awarded. The ECTS Transcript of Records is such a certification, in an agreed format.
Recognition of credits is the process thorugh which an institution certifies that certain learning outcomes achieved and assessed in another institution satisfy certain requirements of the programme they offer.
Decisions on credit recognition and transfer are taken by the qualification - awarding institution on the basis of reliable information on the learning outcomes achieved, as well as on the means of assessment and their validation.
Institution should make their recognition policies know and easily accessible.
Given the diversity of programmes and higher education institutions, it is unlikely that the credits and learning outcomes of a single educational component in different programmes will be identical.
Therefore, a flexible approach to recognition of credits obtained in another context is recommended. “Fair recognition” rather than perfect equivalence is to be sought.
Suggestions for institutions on recognition of periods of study abroad in the framework of bilateral agreements
Agreements should not only be made with institutions offering similar programmes, but also with those providing programmes complementary to yours, thus making available further opportunities to your students.
ECTS USERS’ GUIDE 2009
Integration of mobility into programmes
In order to structure mobility into your curricula:
Before the departure of the student the responsible faculty member will:
Transfer all credits gained abroad in the approved programme of study into the student’s official learning programme at home, indicating the learning activities they refer to with their original titles;
Use the credits gained abroad for accumulation purposes to satisfy specific curriculum requirements, as previously agreed; recognising credits gained abroad as additional credits would not fulfil the commitment to full academic recognition, and should only be done if the student brings back more than 30/60 credits.
ECTS USERS’ GUIDE 2009
EGIT - European Grading Interpretation Scheme
The EGIT allows universities to ensure fair transfer and recognition of grades of mobile students. It requires universities to keep track of their grading practice and culture, which is good practice in many institutions across Europe.
The statistical distribution curve is calculated separately by the two institutions involved and then compared.
SPECIAL INGREDIENT FOR SUCCESS
Correct procedures for the devopment of study abroad programmes and for academic recognition are basic requirements for quality and students mobility.