A vision for the future of inpe in the 21st century
Download
1 / 88

- PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 179 Views
  • Uploaded on

A vision for the future of INPE in the 21st century. Gilberto Câmara, Director General National Institute for Space Research (INPE) Brazil. A vision to follow. Dr. Vikram Sarabhai (father of Indian space program).

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about '' - emmy


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
A vision for the future of inpe in the 21st century l.jpg

A vision for the future of INPE in the 21st century

Gilberto Câmara, Director General

NationalInstitute for SpaceResearch (INPE)

Brazil


A vision to follow l.jpg
A vision to follow....

Dr. Vikram Sarabhai (father of Indian space program)

"There are some who question the relevance of space activities in a developing nation. To us, there is no ambiguity of purpose. We do not have the fantasy of competing with the economically advanced nations in the exploration of the moon or the planets or manned space-flight. But we are convinced that if we are to play a meaningful role nationally, and in the community of nations, we must be second to none in the application of advanced technologies to the real problems of man and society. "


A vision for inpe in the 21 st century l.jpg
A Vision for INPE in the 21st Century

Brazil will be an environmental power and the first developed nation in the tropics

INPE will be a world-class centre in Space and Environment R&D for the tropical region


Slide4 l.jpg

INPE: CONVERTING DATA INTO KNOWLEDGE

SATELLITES

Earthobservation, scientific,

and data collectionsatellites

GROUND SYSTEMS

Satellitecontrol, Reception, processing

anddistributionofsatellite data

ANALYSIS AND MODELLING

SpaceWeather, WeatherPrediction

andEarth System Science

SOCIETAL BENEFITS

Innovativeproducts

to society


Inpe s space technology agenda l.jpg
INPE’s space technology agenda

“Global EO” – Brazil as global player in earth observation

Bilateral agreements

(China, Germany, UK)

Multilateral Agreements

(CEOS, GEO)


Ceos virtual constellations l.jpg
CEOS Virtual Constellations

Commonrequirements, independentsatellites, comparable data (CEOS – CommitteeonEarthObservation Systems)


Slide7 l.jpg

Land Imaging Constellation

TERRA (ASTER & MODIS)

IRS

LANDSAT

RESOURCESAT

ALOS

SAC-C

SPOT

CBERS


Ocean surface topography constellation l.jpg

Global Mean Sea Level from Satellite Altimetry

Ocean Surface Topography Constellation

Average Rate = 3.5 mm/year

(1993-2006)

SLR IPCC 2001: 1.8 mm/year


Satellites 2010 2020 l.jpg
Satellites 2010-2020

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

CBERS-5

CBERS-3

CBERS-4

CBERS-6

Amazônia-1

Lattes-1

GPM-BR

Lattes-2

Amazônia-2

SABIA-2

SABIA

MAPSAR

CBERS

Plataforma

Multi-missão

Geostac.

GEO Met BR


Satellites for forestry and agriculture l.jpg
Satellites for Forestry and Agriculture

100

Technology 2000

MUX CBERS-3/4

50

Technology 2008

Mapping

Forestry

CCD CBERS-2/3/4

MUX

CBERS-5/6

CBERS-SAR-2

Technology 2015

Land Use

Description

10

Revisit (days)

Deforestation

Detection

CBERS-SAR-1

5

AWFI CBERS-3/4

AWFI

Amaz-1/2

AWFI

CBERS-5/6

WFI CBERS-2

Agriculture

Mapping

1

5

50

500

1

10

100

1000

Resolution (metres)


Cbers satellites for the public good l.jpg
CBERS: satellites for the public good

CBERS-2B Launch (19 September 2007)


Cbers program timeline l.jpg
CBERS Program Timeline

Set/99

Mar/03

Out/03

Mar/09

Set/07

Jun/11

Set/14

Set/17

Set/20


Lit integration and tests lab l.jpg
LIT – Integration and Tests Lab

Complete infrastructure for assembly, integration and tests of satellites 70,000 man-hours per year for industrial testing 


Integration of cbers 2b in inpe 2006 2007 l.jpg
Integration of CBERS-2B in INPE (2006-2007)

Assembly, integration and test (AIT) facilities at INPE




Cbers 3 construction 2008 2010 l.jpg
CBERS-3 Construction (2008-2010)

President Lula's visit to CAST - CBERS-3 engineering model of the (20-05-2009) 



Cbers 3 4 cameras l.jpg
CBERS 3 – 4 Cameras

Visible – Near IR

Thermal IR

Short wave IR

Reflected IR

AWFI 60 m (720 km)

IRMSS 40 m (120 km)

CCD 20 m (120 km)

MUX 5/10 m(60 km)

3.7

3.9

3.5

10

12

1.5

1.7

2.1

2.3

0.4

0.5

0.7

0.9

µm

Brasil

China



Multimission platform l.jpg
Multimission platform

A common support for different Earth observation missions

600 a 1200 km orbit altitude

300 kg payload and 250 kg platform


Amaz nia 1 cooperation with uk l.jpg
Amazônia-1 (cooperation with UK)

AWFI

Global land imaging every 3 days together with CBERS-3

(RAL-UK will alsoinclude a 10-meter camera)

0,45-0,52B

0,52-0,59G

SpectralBands(m)

0,63-0,69R

0,77-0,89NIR

Spatialresolution(m)

40

Groundswath(km)

780

5

Revisit (days)




Brazilian optical camera technology l.jpg
Brazilianopticalcameratechnology

Amazônia-1 AWFI

(R$ 38 M)

40 m resolution

780 km swath

60 m resolution

CBERS-AWFI

(R$ 60 M)

720 km swath

CBERS-CCD

(R$ 85 M)

120 km swath

20m res



Contrato acdh invap l.jpg
Contrato ACDH - INVAP

ARSAT (satelite geoestacionário)

Preço e Qualidade

Acesso à tecnologia

Reuso nos demais satélites da PMM

Motivação da equipe do INPE

Teste estrutural do SAC-D no LIT (2008)


Lattes equars and mirax l.jpg
LATTES (EQUARS and MIRAX)

MIRAX: Hard and soft X-rays

EQUARS

Temperatura na Estratosfera

Bolhas ionosféricas

Vapor d’água na Troposfera


Global precipitation mission gpm br l.jpg
Global Precipitation Mission (GPM-BR)

Passive Microwave Sensor

Lighting Detector

Brazilian contribution to GPM constellation

Near-equatorial orbit


Sabia mar l.jpg
SABIA-MAR

16 bands : 350-2130nm

Swath 2800 km

Resolution: 1 km

Brasil-Argentina cooperation

Ocean colour measurement


Mapsar brazilian sar l.jpg
MAPSAR (Brazilian SAR)

Global monitoring of terrestrial ecosystems

L-band multi-polarized

Agriculture

Amazonia


Mapsar operation modes l.jpg
MAPSAR operationmodes

  • ScanSAR

    • Swath: 560km

    • Resolution: 30 m x 30 m

    • Global revisit: 5 dias

    • Polarization: HH+HV

  • StripMAP

    • Swath: 115km

    • Resolution: 14 m x 14 m

    • Global revisit: 25 dias

    • Polarization: HH+HV


Slide33 l.jpg

CBSAR Operational Capabilities:Amazonia in 5 days with 30 m resolution


Brmet geostationary meteorological satellite l.jpg
BRMET (Geostationary Meteorological Satellite)

Brazil needs images and meteorological data with operational coverage (every 15 minutes) 

American (GOES) and European (Meteosat) satellites does not meet the needs of Brazil 


Brmet geostationary meteorological satellite35 l.jpg
BRMET (Geostationary Meteorological Satellite)

BRMET

(50 W)

BRMET: satellite dedicated to the observation of South America 


Brmet geostationary meteorological satellite36 l.jpg
BRMET (Geostationary Meteorological Satellite)

Precipitação por satélite

Temperatura superfície mar

BRMET: Better weather forecasts and improved service to society 


Cbers 05 06 preliminary proposal l.jpg
CBERS 05/06: Preliminary proposal

Continuity of CBERS optical data  Medium resolution (5-20 m) Frequent Coverage


C meras do cbers 5 6 em discuss o l.jpg
Câmeras do CBERS 5 – 6 (em discussão)

Visible – Near IR

Mediumwave IR

Thermal IR

Short wave IR

IRMSS 20 m (120 km)

AWFI-2 20 m (720 km)

MUX 5/10 m

(120 km)

3.7

3.9

3.5

10

12

1.5

1.7

2.1

2.3

0.4

0.5

0.7

0.9

µm

Built by Brazil

Built by China


Slide39 l.jpg

INPE: CONVERTING DATA INTO KNOWLEDGE

SATELLITES

Earthobservation, scientific,

and data collectionsatellites

GROUND SYSTEMS

Satellitecontrol, Reception, processing

anddistributionofsatellite data

ANALYSIS AND MODELLING

SpaceWeather, WeatherPrediction

andEarth System Science

SOCIETAL BENEFITS

Innovativeproducts

to society




Slide42 l.jpg

CBERS-2B HRC (PAN - 2,7 m) + CCD (multispectral, 20 m)

Guarulhos Airport, Sao Paulo, March 2008


Slide43 l.jpg

CBERS-2B HRC (PAN - 2,7 m) + CCD (multispectral, 20 m)

São Felix do Xingu, Pará, June 2008



Slide45 l.jpg

CBERS in PrivateFarm Management

“CBERS brought the freedom to have data

immediately available when you need it.”


Cbers as a global satellite l.jpg
CBERS as a global satellite

Miyun

Urumchi

Aswan

Maspalomas

Ghuangzhou

Chetumal

Bangcoc

Gabon(?)

Nairobi(?)

Boa Vista

Darwin(?)

Cuiabá

Alice Springs (?)

Jo´burg

CBERS ground stations will cover most of the Earth’s land mass between 300N and 300S


Slide47 l.jpg

A few satellites can cover the entire globe, but there needs to be a system in place to ensure their images are readily available to everyone who needs them. Brazil has set an important precedent by making its Earth-observation data available, and the rest of the world should follow suit.”


Slide48 l.jpg

INPE: CONVERTING DATA INTO KNOWLEDGE

SATELLITES

Earthobservation, scientific,

and data collectionsatellites

GROUND SYSTEMS

Satellitecontrol, Reception, processing

anddistributionofsatellite data

ANALYSIS AND MODELLING

SpaceWeather, WeatherPrediction

andEarth System Science

SOCIETAL BENEFITS

Innovativeproducts

to society


R d programs at inpe 1 l.jpg

B1-low

A2-high

R&D Programs at INPE (1)

SpaceWeather

NumericalWeatherPrediction

Astrophysics

ClimateChangeandEarth System Science


R d programs at inpe 2 l.jpg
R&D Programs at INPE (2)

Mission-critical Technologies

Satellite Technology

Earth Observation

Monitoring Amazonia

Computer Science



Space weather monitoring l.jpg
Space Weather Monitoring

Cintilação ionosfera


R d in remote sensing l.jpg

1994

1991

1997

1985

1988

R&D in Remote Sensing

road

Mudanças no Uso da Terra

deforestation

objects


R d in geoinformatics l.jpg
R&D in Geoinformatics

Modelagem sociedade-natureza

Bancos de dados geográficos

Software livre: 100.000+ usuários cadastrados

Suporte ao monitoramento da Amazônia

Produção de cenários futuros


Numerical weather prediction at inpe l.jpg
Numerical Weather Prediction at INPE

ForecastPreparation

Global Weather Data

PCD

NumericalWeather

Products

Supercomputer

Media Information


Slide56 l.jpg

Performance evolutionofINPE´s global weatherpredictionmodel


Pollution co from fires industries and cars l.jpg
Pollution (CO) from fires, industries and cars

CO Forecast – CPTEC

16-04-2008 valid for 17-04-2008

MODIS image

17-04-2008


Slide58 l.jpg

INPE´s supercomputersandworld´s TOP 500

#1 trend

Sum top 500

150 TF

#500 trend

5 TF

2 TF

40 GF

INPE

(MPP equivalent

peak performance)

8 GF



Slide60 l.jpg

Rainforecastbythe ETA 20km model

(maximumof 150mm in 3 days.)


Slide61 l.jpg

ETA model (5 km) withbettercloudparametrization (Kain-Fritsch). Rainforecastmuchcloser to observations!


The fundamental question of our time l.jpg
The fundamental question of our time

How is the Earth’s environment changing, and what are the consequences for human civilization?

How is the Earth’s environment changing, and what are the consequences for human civilization?

source: IGBP


Climate change modelling l.jpg

CO2 Emissions

B1-low

Climate Change Modelling

LargeScale Data

Megascenarios

PetaFlop Centres

Índice de Vegetação

Regional Centers

(e.g., INPE)

Regional Scenarios

PolicyOptions


Earth system science provides crucial links between nature and society l.jpg
Earth system science provides crucial links between nature and society

Nature: Physical equations

describe processes

Society: Decisions on how to

use Earth´s resources


Slide65 l.jpg

Aumento dos extremos climáticos? and society

Aumento de número de dias com chuva > 10 mm


Average temp raised 0 7 0 c in 50 years in brazil l.jpg
Average temp raised 0.7 and society0 C in 50 years in Brazil

source: Obregón and Marengo, 2007


Slide67 l.jpg

Precipitation anomalies [(2071-2100)- (1961-90)] in mm/day and society

Seco

Seco

Seco

Seco

B2

A2

Climate change scenarios in Brazil

Quente

Quente

B2

A2

Temperature anomalies [(2071-2100)- (1961-90)] in oC


Impacts on agriculture l.jpg
Impacts on Agriculture and society

Fonte: Eduardo Assad, Embrapa


Impacts on water availability in ne brazil l.jpg
Impacts on Water Availability in NE Brazil and society

Hidrological Balance – NE Brazil

1961-1990

LessWater for Agriculture!

2071-2100

Source: Marengo and Salati, 2007


Slide70 l.jpg

INPE: CONVERTING DATA INTO KNOWLEDGE and society

SATELLITES

Earthobservation, scientific,

and data collectionsatellites

GROUND SYSTEMS

Satellitecontrol, Reception, processing

anddistributionofsatellite data

ANALYSIS AND MODELLING

SpaceWeather, WeatherPrediction

andEarth System Science

SOCIETAL BENEFITS

Innovativeproducts

to society


Inpe s contributions to society l.jpg
INPE´ and societys contributions to society

Energy

Ecosystems

Agriculture

Health

Disasters

Climate

Urban Mngt


Inpe s products l.jpg
INPE´s products and society



Weather forecasts l.jpg
Weather forecasts and society

Produtos numéricos

Previsão de tempo

Previsão climática sazonal


Air quality l.jpg
Air quality and society

Previsão de qualidade do ar (CO)

16-04-2008 valida for 17-04-2008

Verificação por imagem MODIS

17-04-2008


Prodes clear cut deforestation mapping l.jpg
PRODES: and societyClear-cutdeforestationmapping

~230 scenes Landsat/year

Yearly detailed estimates of clear-cut areas


Slide77 l.jpg

DETER: Real-time Deforestation Monitoring and society

15-day alerts of newly deforested large areas


International credibility helps l.jpg
International credibility helps… and society

“Today, Brazil’s monitoring system is the envy of the world. INPE has its own remote sensing satellite, a joint effort with China, that allows it to publish yearly totals of deforested land that scientists regard as reliable.”

TerraAmazon


Transparency builds governance l.jpg
Transparency and societybuildsgovernance


Transparency builds governance80 l.jpg
Transparency builds governance and society

500.000 registrations

46 million protests



Espa o e sociedade geoinform tica em suporte a pol ticas p blicas l.jpg
Espaço e Sociedade: Geoinformática em suporte a políticas públicas

Mapeamento de violência urbana

Saúde Pública

Hepatite-B em Macapá

Software livre para gestão cidades



O inpe produz cada vez mais l.jpg
O INPE produz cada vez mais... públicas

...mas enfrenta um risco grave: gente!


C rebros c rebros c rebros l.jpg
Cérebros, cérebros, cérebros! públicas

Não temos para quem transmitir nossa experiência!




Eo data benefits to everyone l.jpg

Some lessons from INPE´s history públicas

EO data: benefits to everyone

Develop research and applications before satellites

Focus on Earth Observation and Environment

Science and engineering belong together


ad