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Remember….. Blend (Match)your sound…. Balance (Listen Down)…. A painter paints pictures on canvas.  But musicians paint their pictures on silence.  ~Leopold Stokowski. Music can name the unnameable and communicate the unknowable. -Leonard Bernstein. Drum Major.

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Blend (Match)your sound….

Balance (Listen Down)…

Drum major

Drum Major unknowable.

Congratulations to Meagan Parker

Drum Major of the 2014 Marching Bobcats!

R e s p o n s i b i l i t y

February 7

I. DEFINITIONBeing dependable in carrying out obligations

and duties. Showing reliability and

consistency in words and conduct. Being

accountable for your own actions. Being

committed to active involvement in your

school and community.


Hold yourself responsible for a higher

standard than anybody expects of you.

Never excuse yourself. (Henry Ward Beecher)


How do you interpret this quote?

R e s p o n s i b i l i t y1

February 18

I. DEFINITIONBeing dependable in carrying out obligations

and duties. Showing reliability and

consistency in words and conduct. Being

accountable for your own actions. Being

committed to active involvement in your

school and community.


Well done is better than well said.

(Benjamin Franklin)


What are the benefits when we expect more of ourselves than others?

R e s p o n s i b i l i t y2

February 24

I. DEFINITIONBeing dependable in carrying out obligations

and duties. Showing reliability and

consistency in words and conduct. Being

accountable for your own actions. Being

committed to active involvement in your

school and community.



Hold yourself responsible for a higher

standard than anybody expects of you.

Never excuse yourself. (Henry Ward Beecher)

We are what we repeatedly do.

Excellence, then, is not an act but

a habit. (Aristotle)

Well done is better than well said.

(Benjamin Franklin)


* How do you interpret each quote?

* How do you set a good example

for others?

* What are the benefits when we expect more of ourselves than others?

Study guides

Study Guides unknowable.

All Study Guides are due Friday March 21st!

Drum line

Drum Line unknowable.

Every Tuesday 4-5

All are welcome!

Spring concerts

Spring Concerts unknowable.

Tuesday April 29

Brass Ensemble, Flute Choir

6:30 PM

Spring concerts1

Spring Concerts unknowable.

Thursday May 1

Jazz Band-6:00Percussion Ensembles-6:45

Wind Ensemble-7:30


Absent? unknowable.

Check the “Missed Rehearsal” sheet to see what you missed! Items on the list can be made up on the next Theory/Make-up Day

Beach trip rehearsals

Beach Trip Rehearsals unknowable.

March 20

April 10


Parent Meeting after rehearsal

March 20th 6:00-6:30

Candy money

Candy Money unknowable.

The following students owe for Candy Money.

Ashley Haithcock $120

DeShaun McDonald $60

Ishmael Strickland $60Jasmine Allen $66

David Foggin $60

Eniledy Morales $60Isaac Rodrigues $60Kara Roseboro-Laboy $60Hunter Sapp $60

Brandon Delapp $60Luis Sanchez $60

McKaylaTeague $120

Beach trip

Beach Trip unknowable.

The following students owe for the Beach Trip.

Isaiah Butler-Johnson $69.55Chase Smith $117.50JB Hurley $60

Meagan Parker $45Cole Brown $200Brandon Delapp $175

Wind ensemble

Wind Ensemble unknowable.

Tschesnokoff salvation is created
Tschesnokoff unknowable.Salvation is Created

  • Salvation is Created is a choral work composed by PavelTchesnokov in 1912. It was one of the very last sacred works he composed before he was forced to turn to secular arts by the Soviet government. Although he never heard his own composition performed, his children had the opportunity years following his death. Salvation is Created was originally published in 1913 by J. Fischer and Bro. but its popularity drove editors to produce many different versions in both Russian and English. Scored for either six or eight voices (SATTBB or SSAATTBB), the work is a communion hymn based on a Kievansyndonal chant melody and Psalm 74 (73 in the Greek version).

James clifton williams
James Clifton Williams unknowable.

  • Was born on March 26, 1923

  • He was born in Traskwood, Arkansas

  • He dropped “James” from his composing name because he thought it sounded more distinguished.

James clifton williams1
James Clifton Williams unknowable.

  • Williams received his education at Louisianna State University studying composition and horn. After graduation he continued his studies at the Eastman School of music where he studied with Bernard Rogers, Howard Hanson and ArkadyYegudkin.

James clifton williams2
James Clifton Williams unknowable.

  • Williams has a many important pieces for band including: Arioso, Caccia and Chorale, Fanfare and Allegro, the Sinfonians, and Symphonic Suite.

James clifton williams3
James Clifton Williams unknowable.

  • Dedicatory Overture was written in the 1960’s and was commisioned by the Epsilon Upsilo Chapter of Phu Mu Alpha Sinfonia at Evansville College Indiana, for use in services dedicating a new music building.

James clifton williams4
James Clifton Williams unknowable.

  • The first performances of Dedicatory Overture took place during the spring of 1963 by the Evansville College Concert Band under the direction of Wesley Shepard. Williams used Evansville College’s alma mater as the thematic material to compose the piece.

Composer spotlight brian balmages rain
Composer Spotlight unknowable.Brian Balmages- “Rain”

Brian Balmages (b. 1975) is an active composer, conductor, producer, and performer. His fresh compositional ideas have resulted in a high demand for his wind, brass, and orchestral music throughout the world.

Composer spotlight brian balmages rain1
Composer Spotlight unknowable.Brian Balmages- “Rain”

He received his bachelor’s degrees in music from James Madison University and his master's degree from the University of Miami in Florida.

Composer spotlight brian balmages rain2
Composer Spotlight unknowable.Brian Balmages- “Rain”

Mr. Balmages' compositions have been performed worldwide at conferences including the College Band Directors National and Regional Conferences, the Midwest Clinic, the International Tuba/Euphonium Conference, the International Trombone Festival, and the International Trumpet Guild Conference.

Composer spotlight brian balmages rain3
Composer Spotlight unknowable.Brian Balmages- “Rain”

His active schedule of commissions and premieres has incorporated groups ranging from elementary schools to professional ensembles, including the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra, the Miami Symphony Orchestra, the University of Miami Wind Ensemble, James Madison University's School of Music, Boston Brass, members of the United States Marine Band, and the Dominion Brass Ensemble.

Composer spotlight brian balmages rain4
Composer Spotlight unknowable.Brian Balmages- “Rain”

His music has been performed by members of leading orchestras including the St. Louis Symphony, Philadelphia Orchestra, National Symphony, and others. He has also had world premieres in prestigious venues such as Carnegie Hall and performances at the Macy's Day Thanksgiving Day Parade and abroad.

Composer spotlight brian balmages rain5
Composer Spotlight unknowable.Brian Balmages- “Rain”

He has also served as an adjunct professor of instrumental conducting and Acting Symphonic Band Director at Towson University in Maryland.

Composer spotlight brian balmages rain6
Composer Spotlight unknowable.Brian Balmages- “Rain”

Currently, he is Director of Instrumental Publications for The FJH Music Company Inc. in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. He resides in Baltimore with his wife, Lisa and their sons, Jacob and Collin.

Composer spotlight brian balmages rain7
Composer Spotlight unknowable.Brian Balmages- “Rain”

Rain is a gentle work with a great deal of expressiveness. It paints a picture of a quiet rainfall with distant rolling thunder. The sound of droplets hitting the ground often puts me at ease for a reason I cannot adequately describe. For this reason, I chose to explain my thoughts through music, which has always been a more powerful means of expression for me than words.

Composer spotlight brian balmages rain8
Composer Spotlight unknowable.Brian Balmages- “Rain”

The melodic and harmonic lines convey the complexity of rain-the sadness it brings to some, the calmness it brings to others, and its ability to rejuvenate; the soft droplets outside our window that can be so relaxing, yet can also be the cause of a raging river. It is my hope that groups will experience a wide range of emotions as they rehearse and perform this work.

Composer spotlight brian balmages rain9
Composer Spotlight unknowable.Brian Balmages- “Rain”

Rain was commissioned by the Virginia Band directors Association District 10, representing schools from Fairfax County, Alexandria, and Falls Church. The work was premiered by the All District Middle School Symphonic Band with the composer conducting.

Alex shapiro
Alex Shapiro unknowable.

  • Alex Shapiro (born January 11, 1962 in New York City) composes acoustic and electroacoustic music favoring combinations of modal harmonies with chromatic ones, and often emphasizing strong pulse and rhythm. She was educated at the Juilliard School and Manhattan School of Music as a student of Ursula Mamlok and John Corigliano.

  • The majority of Shapiro's catalog is chamber works, and since 2008 she has also composed several commissions for symphonic wind band, several of which include the use of prerecorded electronics.

Alex shapiro paper cut
Alex Shapiro- unknowable.Paper Cut

  • What do teenagers like? Video games, TV, and movies. What do all these media have in common? Music!

  • I was thrilled to have a chance to add to the educational band music repertoire, thanks to the American Composers Forum's terrific BandQuest series. In my desire to compose something relevant to younger players, I decided to create a piece that sounds somewhat like a movie soundtrack, to which the musicians can imagine their own dramatic scene. I also thought it would be fun to make the kids themselves part of the action, and so "Paper Cut" has the band doing choreographed maneuvers that look as compelling as they sound. In fact, the band members don't even play their instruments until halfway into the piece.

Alex shapiro paper cut1
Alex Shapiro- unknowable.Paper Cut

  • Music isn't just melody; it's rhythm and texture as well. The unusual element of paper and the myriad sounds that can emerge from something so simple, offer a fresh view of what music-making can be and opens everyone's ears to the sonic possibilities found among everyday objects.

  • With a nod to environmentalism, "Paper Cut" might even remind people to avoid waste and recycle. Players can collect paper that would have otherwise ended up in the trash, and bring it to rehearsals. The piece might even be therapeutic, as students can take out their aggressions by ripping up bad grades and test scores!

  • Although "Paper Cut" was composed with middle schoolers in mind, it's also suited to more advanced musicians, since the paper techniques and the skill of playing against a prerecorded track are interesting for all ages. I'm delighted to introduce a new approach to concert wind band repertoire, and I hope that conductors and band members have as much fun with this piece as I had creating it.

  • Alex Shapiro Summer, 2010 

The lion king
The Lion King unknowable.

  • Elton John, Tim Rice and Hans Zimmer wrote the music, lyrics and original score of Disney’s The Lion King.

  • Time Rice is a long time associate with broadway composer Andrew Loyd Weber

  • Released in 1994 The Lion King features the hit songs: Circle of Life, I Just Can’t Wait to be King, Be Prepared, HakunaMatata, Can you Feel the Love Tonight, and King of Pride Rock.

Andrew boysen jr i am
Andrew unknowable.Boysen, Jr. I Am

  • Andrew Boysen, Jr. is presently an assistant professor in the music department at the University of New Hampshire, where he conducts the wind symphony and teaches conducting, composition and orchestration. Previously, Boysen served as an assistant professor and Acting Associate Director of Bands at Indiana State University, where he directed the Marching Sycamores, conducted the symphonic band and taught in the music education department. Prior to that appointment, he was the Director of Bands at Cary-Grove (IL) High School and was the music director and conductor of the Deerfield Community Concert Band. He remains active as a guest conductor and clinician, appearing with high school, university and festival ensembles across the United States and Great Britain.

Andrew boysen jr i am1
Andrew unknowable.Boysen, Jr. I Am

  • Boysenearned his Doctor of Musical Arts degree in wind conducting at the Eastman School of Music, where he served as conductor of the Eastman Wind Orchestra and assistant conductor of the Eastman Wind Ensemble. He received his Master of Music degree in wind conducting from Northwestern University in 1993 and his Bachelor of Music degree in music education and music composition from the University of Iowa in 1991.

Andrew boysen jr i am2
Andrew unknowable.Boysen, Jr. I Am

  • He maintains an active schedule as a composer, receiving commissions from the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library, the Cedar Rapids Metropolitan Orchestra Festival, the Iowa All-State Band, the Rhode Island All-State Band, the Nebraska State Bandmasters Association, and many university and high school concert bands across the United States. Boysen won the International Horn Society Composition Contest in 2000, the University of Iowa Honors Composition Prize in 1991 and has twice won the Claude T. Smith Memorial Band Composition Contest, in 1991 for I Am and in 1994 for Ovations. Boysen has several published works with the Neil A. Kjos Music Company, Wingert-Jones Music and Ludwig Music, including pieces for band, orchestra, clarinet and piano, and brass choir. Recordings of his music appear on the Sony, R-Kal, Mark, St. Olaf and Elf labels.

Andrew boysen jr i am3
Andrew unknowable.Boysen, Jr. I Am

  • I Am was commissioned by Craig Aune and the Cedar Rapids Prairie High School Band of Cedar Rapids, Iowa in February, 1990. It was written in memory of Lynn Jones, a baritone saxophone player in the band who was killed in an auto accident during that winter. The work is basically tonal in nature, but includes extended techniques such as an aleatoric section and singing from members of the ensemble. The aleatoric section is intended to represent the foggy morning of the crash in which Jones died. The words "I Am" are taken from a poem that he wrote just days before his death. The piece is not intended in any way to be an elegy. Instead, it is a celebration, a reaffirmation, of life.

Andrew boysen jr i am4
Andrew unknowable.Boysen, Jr. I Am

  • I AmLife, Music, Competition.I like exciting things, and doing good for others.Beauty, Successfulness and Smartness are important to me.I like to achieve recognition.I can succeed if I really put my mind to it.I am very set in my ways,But I can change when I realize my ignorance.I like a simple nonchalant lifestyle.I hate ignorance.I hate structuredness.This is me. I am!

  • -Lynn JonesJanuary, 1990

Julie giroux prisoner of the ring
Julie Giroux, unknowable.Prisoner of the Ring

  • Julie Ann Giroux was born in Fairhaven, Mass on Dec. 12, 1961 and began playing the piano a few years later. By the age of 8, she began composing. Several years and family relocations later, Julie attended Jack Hayes Junior High School. She composed her first Concert Band Work in the 8th grade at the age of 13. She attended Ouachita Parish High School in Monroe, Louisiana graduating in 1979. She played the French Horn in the school bands and played piano for the Choir all the while composing various types of music, including piano works, band works, solo instrumental works and vocal works.

Julie giroux prisoner of the ring1
Julie Giroux, unknowable.Prisoner of the Ring

  •     Julie attended college at Louisiana State University receiving her bachelors degree in music performance, all the while continuing to compose band and orchestra works. At this time, she also began composing commercially. In 1981 she published her first band work. Literally days after college graduation, Julie had the opportunity to arrange & conduct several arrangements for a live ESPN broadcast for the National Sportsfest held in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Composer Bill Conti had also been hired to compose and conduct music for the same event. Shortly after that, Mr. Conti invited Julie out to Hollywood to work on the mini-series "North and South."

Julie giroux prisoner of the ring2
Julie Giroux, unknowable.Prisoner of the Ring

  • Julie went on to compose & orchestrate music for many Television and Films and received her first of three Emmy nominations in 1989-1990. In 1991-1992, Julie won an Emmy Award for

  •   "Outstanding Individual Achievement in Music Direction" for the 64th Annual Academy Awards, ABC."

  • When she won her first Emmy Award, she was the first woman and the youngest person ever to win the award in that category. A member of the American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP), her credits include White Men Can't Jump, Masters of the Universe, North & South & North & South II, Broadcast News, Blaze, Dynasty and multiple Academy &  Emmy Awards shows.  During her career Julie has had the honor of scoring for Celene Dion, Paula Abdul, Jerry Orbach, Dudley Moore, Liza Minelli, Bryan Adams, Peabo Bryson, Angela Lansbury, Jon Bon Jovi, Madonna, Reba McIntyre, Little Richard, Billy Crystal, Michael Jackson and many, many others.

Julie giroux prisoner of the ring3
Julie Giroux, unknowable.Prisoner of the Ring

  • Ms. Giroux is an extremely well rounded composer with works for Symphony Orchestras (including chorus), Chamber music, Wind Ensembles, Soloists, Brass and Woodwind Quintets and many other serious and commercial formats. Her first published work "Mystery on Mena Mountain" with Southern Music Company  was composed while still in college. Since that time, she has composed and published numerous works for professional wind ensembles, military bands, colleges, public schools and professional orchestras.

  •    In 1998, Ms. Giroux decided to go back to her roots full time, composing primarily for  Concert Bands, Wind Ensembles and other various "serious" forms of music.

Julie giroux prisoner of the ring4
Julie Giroux, unknowable.Prisoner of the Ring

  • This work opens with a theme which represents a 16th century conquistador and his army of fearless men who sail the seven seas in search of gold and adventure.

Julie giroux prisoner of the ring5
Julie Giroux, unknowable.Prisoner of the Ring

  • The second theme, “The Woman,” represents the romance between the conquistador and a beautiful woman.

Julie giroux prisoner of the ring6
Julie Giroux, unknowable.Prisoner of the Ring

  • The conquistador must leave, but gives the woman a ring as a token of his love. Unknown to the conquistador, a demon’s soul had been imprisoned in this ring.

Julie giroux prisoner of the ring7
Julie Giroux, unknowable.Prisoner of the Ring

  • Shortly after the conquistador’s departure, a band of demons kidnap the woman and the ring in order to extract the demon’s soul from the ring.

Julie giroux prisoner of the ring8
Julie Giroux, unknowable.Prisoner of the Ring

  • “Dance of a Thousand Demons” represents the demons’ ritual dance.

Julie giroux prisoner of the ring9
Julie Giroux, unknowable.Prisoner of the Ring

  • The ritual is interrupted by the return of the conquistador and his men and the work ends in a battle to the death between the conquistador and the demons.

Gustav holst first suite in e flat
Gustav Holst unknowable.First Suite in E-flat

  • Gustav Theodore Holstborn 21 September 1874 – 25 May 1934 was an English composer, arranger and teacher. Best known for his orchestral suite The Planets, he composed a large number of works across a range of genres, although none achieved comparable success. His distinctive compositional style was the product of many influences, including the English folksong revival of the early 20th century

Gustav holst first suite in e flat1
Gustav Holst unknowable.First Suite in E-flat

  • In 1909, when this Suite was written, concert wind band music consisted of reductions of pieces originally scored for orchestras. Thus this suite was revolutionary in that it was written exclusively for wind band and is considered Holst’s first step toward achieving his goal of making the concert band a serious concert medium. It was originally written for Military Band, and a full score arranged with additional parts to make it suitable for American bands was not published until after Holst’s death.

Gustav holst first suite in e flat2
Gustav Holst unknowable.First Suite in E-flat

  • The first movement is a Chaconne, a 14-note melody that is passed throughout the band. The lively Intermezzo shows Holst's mastery in writing for woodwinds. The closing March combines two folk song melodies with counterpart in the finale. Holst was well suited for his role as concert band composer, having played trombone in various groups in England and Scotland for years. --James Huff 23:17, March 28, 2007

Flute choir

Flute Choir unknowable.

Quantz largo and minuetto
Quantz unknowable.Largo and Minuetto

  • Johann Joachim Quantz (30 January 1697 – 12 July 1773) was a German flutist, flute maker and composer.

Quantz largo and minuetto1
Quantz unknowable.Largo and Minuetto

  • Quantz was born in Oberscheden, Germany. He began his musical studies as a child with his uncle's son-in-law (his blacksmith father died when Quantz was young; on his deathbed, he begged his son to follow in his footsteps), later going to Dresden and Vienna. He studied composition extensively and pored over scores of the masters to adopt their style. During his tenure in Dresden, he abandoned the violin and the oboe in order to pursue the flute. He studied with Pierre Gabriel Buffardin. It was during this time as musician to Frederick Augustus II of Poland that he began to concentrate on the flute, performing more and more on the instrument.

Quantz largo and minuetto2
Quantz unknowable.Largo and Minuetto

  • He gradually became known as the finest flautist in Europe, and toured France and England. He became a flute teacher, flute maker and composer to Frederick II of Prussia (Frederick the Great) in 1740. He was an innovator in flute design, adding keys to the instrument to help with intonation, for example. He often criticized Vivaldi for being too wild when he played.

Quantz largo and minuetto3
Quantz unknowable.Largo and Minuetto

  • Although Quantz wrote many pieces of music, mainly for the flute (including around 300 flute concertosandover 200 sonatas), he is best known today as the author of VersucheinerAnweisung die Flötetraversierezuspielen (1752) (titled On Playing the Flute in English), a treatise on traverso flute playing. It is a valuable source of reference regarding performance practice and flute technique in the 18th century.

  • Quantz died in 1773 in Potsdam.

By the river jonathan s miller
“By the River” unknowable. Jonathan S. Miller

Jonathan S. Miller was born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania on August 14th, 1978. Mr. Miller attended Conemaugh Township High School in Davidsville, Pennsylvania. It was during his teenage years that he developed his love for music and theater. It was in high school that he was first exposed to his favorite composer Stephen Sondheim.

By the river jonathan s miller1
“By the River” unknowable. Jonathan S. Miller

After High School Mr. Miller attended the Indiana University of Pennsylvania and studied trumpet with Dr. Kevin Eisensmith who was very supportive of Miller’s compositional endeavors. Dr. Eisensmith premiered some of Miller’s first pieces for Trumpet ensemble and challenged Mr. Miller to do his senior recital with all his own music.

By the river jonathan s miller2
“By the River” unknowable. Jonathan S. Miller

While attending IUP Mr. Miller studied composition with Daniel Perlongo and Conducting with Dr. Jack Stamp. These two individuals were very influential to Mr. Miller’s composing and teaching styles.

Mr. Miller was director of bands at Leonardtown High School in Leonardtown, Maryland for four years. Currently Mr. Miller is your band director, a post he has held since the fall of 2005. Mr. Miller continues to compose new music for band, orchestra, percussion and chorus.

By the river jonathan s miller3
“By the River” unknowable. Jonathan S. Miller

By the River was written for the 2013-2014 Flute Choir at Glenn High School. Named by the composer’s daughter Charlotte, By the River is a light hearted tune composed for three flutes and piano.

Beethoven unknowable.

  • Ludwig van Beethoven  German: baptised17 December 1770 – 26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist. A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music, he remains one of the most famous and influential of all composers. His best known compositions include 9 symphonies, 5 concertos for piano, 32 piano sonatas, and 16 string quartets.

Beethoven unknowable.

  • Born in Bonn, then the capital of the Electorate of Cologne and part of the Holy Roman Empire, Beethoven displayed his musical talents at an early age and was taught by his father Johann van Beethoven and Christian GottlobNeefe. During his first 22 years in Bonn, Beethoven intended to study with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and befriended Joseph Haydn. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 and began studying with Haydn, quickly gaining a reputation as a virtuoso pianist. He lived in Vienna until his death. In about 1800 his hearing began to deteriorate, and by the last decade of his life he was almost totally deaf. He gave up conducting and performing in public but continued to compose; many of his most admired works come from this period.

Passepied unknowable.

  • passe·pied

  • päsˈpyā/

  • Noun

  • 1. A spirited dance in triple meter, popular in France and England in the 17th and 18th centuries, resembling a minuet but faster.

  • 2. Music for or in the rhythm of this dance.

Tellemann unknowable.

  • Georg Philipp Telemann (14 March 1681 – 25 June 1767) was a German Baroque composer and multi-instrumentalist. Almost completely self-taught in music, he became a composer against his family's wishes. After studying in Magdeburg, Zellerfeld, and Hildesheim, Telemann entered the University of Leipzig to study law, but eventually settled on a career in music. He held important positions in Leipzig, Sorau, Eisenach, and Frankfurt before settling in Hamburg in 1721, where he became musical director of the city's five main churches. While Telemann's career prospered, his personal life was always troubled: his first wife died only a few months after their marriage, and his second wife had extramarital affairs and accumulated a large gambling debt before leaving Telemann.

Tellemann unknowable.

  • Telemann was one of the most prolific composers in history (at least in terms of surviving oeuvre) and was considered by his contemporaries to be one of the leading German composers of the time—he was compared favorably both to his friend Johann Sebastian Bach, who made Telemann the godfather and namesake of his son Carl Philipp Emanuel, and to George Frideric Handel, whom Telemann also knew personally. Telemann's music incorporates several national styles (French, Italian) and is even at times influenced by Polish popular music. He remained at the forefront of all new musical tendencies and his music is an important link between the late Baroque and early Classical styles.

Handel unknowable.

  • George Frideric Handel

  •  23 February 1685 – 14 April 1759) was a German-born British Baroque composer famous for his operas, oratorios, anthems and organ concertos. Born in a family indifferent to music, Handel received critical training in Halle, Hamburg and Italy before settling in London (1712) as a naturalized British subject in 1727. By then he was strongly influenced by the great composers of the Italian Baroque and the middle-German polyphonic choral tradition.

Handel unknowable.

  • Within fifteen years, Handel had started three commercial opera companies to supply the English nobility with Italian opera. In 1737 he had a physical breakdown, changed direction creatively and addressed the middle class. As Alexander's Feast (1736) was well received, Handel made a transition to English choral works. After his success with Messiah (1742) he never performed an Italian opera again. Handel was only partly successful with his performances of English oratorio on mythical and biblical themes, but when he arranged a performance of Messiah to benefit London's Foundling Hospital(1750) the criticism ended. It has been said that the passion of Handel's oratorios is an ethical one, and that they are hallowed not by liturgical dignity but by moral ideals of humanity. Almost blind, and having lived in England for almost fifty years, he died in 1759, a respected and rich man. His funeral was given full state honours, and he was buried in Westminster Abbey.

Handel unknowable.

  • Handel is regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Baroque era, with works such as Water Music, Music for the Royal Fireworks and Messiah remaining popular. One of his four Coronation Anthems, Zadok the Priest (1727), composed for the coronation of George II of Great Britain, has been performed at every subsequent British coronation, traditionally during the sovereign's anointing. Handel composed more than forty operas in over thirty years, and since the late 1960s, with the revival of baroque music and original instrumentation, interest in Handel's operas has grown.

Haydn unknowable.

  • Franz Joseph Haydn31 March[ 1732 – 31 May 1809), known as Joseph Haydn,[ was an Austrian composer, one of the most prolific and prominent of the Classical period. He is often called the "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet" because of his important contributions to these forms. He was also instrumental in the development of the piano trio and in the evolution of sonata form.

  • A lifelong resident of Austria, Haydn spent much of his career as a court musician for the wealthy Esterházy family on their remote estate. Isolated from other composers and trends in music until the later part of his long life, he was, as he put it, "forced to become original" At the time of his death, he was one of the most celebrated composers in Europe.

  • Joseph Haydn was the brother of Michael Haydn, himself a highly regarded composer, and Johann Evangelist Haydn, a tenor. He was also a friend of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and a teacher of Ludwig van Beethoven.

Brass ensemble

Brass Ensemble unknowable.

Regency unknowable.

  • re·gen·cy

  • Rējənsē

  • Noun

  • a government or period of time in which a person (called a regent) rules in place of a king or queen

Down by the salley gardens
Down By the unknowable.Salley Gardens

  • Down by the Salley Gardens (Irish: GortnaSaileán) is a poem by William Butler Yeats published in The Wanderings of Oisin and Other Poems in 1889.

Down by the salley gardens1
Down By the unknowable.Salley Gardens

  • Yeats indicated in a note that it was "an attempt to reconstruct an old song from three lines imperfectly remembered by an old peasant woman in the village of Ballisodare, Sligo, who often sings them to herself." The "old song" may have been the ballad The Rambling Boys of Pleasure[ which contains the following verse:

  • "It was down by Sally's Garden one evening late I took my way.'Twas there I spied this pretty little girl, and those words to me sure she did say. She advised me to take love easy, as the leaves grew on the tree .But I was young and foolish, with my darling could not agree.“

  • The similarity to the first verse of the Yeats version is unmistakable and would suggest that this was indeed the song Yeats remembered the old woman singing. The rest of the song, however, is quite different.

  • Yeats's original title, "An Old Song Re-Sung", reflected his debt to The Rambling Boys of Pleasure. It first appeared under its present title when it was reprinted in Poems in 1895.[4]

Down by the salley gardens2
Down By the unknowable.Salley Gardens

  • Down by the salley gardens my love and I did meet;She passed the salley gardens with little snow-white feet.She bid me take love easy, as the leaves grow on the tree;But I, being young and foolish, with her would not agree.In a field by the river my love and I did stand,And on my leaning shoulder she laid her snow-white hand.She bid me take life easy, as the grass grows on the weirs;But I was young and foolish, and now am full of tears.

Down by the salley gardens3
Down By the unknowable.Salley Gardens

  • The verse was subsequently set to music by Herbert Hughes to the traditional air The Moorlough Shore in 1909. In the 1920s composer Rebecca Clarke (1886–1979) set the text to own music. The composer John Ireland set the words to an original melody in his cycle "Songs Sacred and Profane", written in 1934. There is also a vocal setting by the poet and composer Ivor Gurney, which was published in 1938; and another by Benjamin Britten published in 1943

Somewhere over the rainbow
Somewhere Over the Rainbow unknowable.

  • Over the Rainbow" (often referred to as "Somewhere Over the Rainbow") is a classic Academy Award-winning ballad, with music by Harold Arlen and lyrics by E.Y. Harburg. It was written for the 1939 movie The Wizard of Oz, and was sung by actress Judy Garland in her starring role as Dorothy Gale.Overtime, it would become Garland's signature song.

  • About five minutes into the film, Dorothy sings the song after failing to get her aunt and uncle to listen to her relate an unpleasant incident involving her dog,Toto, and the town spinster, Miss Gulch. Dorothy's Aunt Em tells her to "find yourself a place where you won't get into any trouble." This prompts Dorothy to walk off by herself, musing to Toto, "'Some place where there isn't any trouble.' Do you suppose there is such a place, Toto? There must be. It's not a place you can get to by a boat, or a train. It's far, far away. Behind the moon, beyond the rain..." at which point she begins singing.

Over the rainbow
“Over the Rainbow” unknowable.

-Lyrics by E.Y. Harburg

Edgar YipselHarburg (April 8, 1896 – March 5, 1981), known as E.Y. Harburg or Yip Harburg, was an American popular song lyricist who worked with many well-known composers. He wrote the lyrics to the standards, "Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?", "April in Paris", and "It's Only a Paper Moon", as well as all of the songs in The Wizard of Oz, including "Over the Rainbow".

Over the rainbow1
“Over the Rainbow” unknowable.

Harold Arlen (February 15, 1905 – April 23, 1986) was an American composer of popular music, having written over 500 songs, a number of which have become known the world over. In addition to composing the songs for The Wizard of Oz, including the classic 1938 song, "Over the Rainbow,” Arlen is a highly regarded contributor to the Great American Songbook. "Over the Rainbow," in fact, was voted the twentieth century's No. 1 song by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) and the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA).

Over the rainbow2
“Over the Rainbow” unknowable.

Somewhere over the rainbowWay up high,There's a land that I heard ofOnce in a lullaby.Somewhere over the rainbowSkies are blue,And the dreams that you dare to dreamReally do come true.

Over the rainbow3
“Over the Rainbow” unknowable.

Someday I'll wish upon a starAnd wake up where the clouds are farBehind me.Where troubles melt like lemon dropsAway above the chimney topsThat's where you'll find me.Somewhere over the rainbowBluebirds fly.Birds fly over the rainbow.Why then, oh why can't I?

Over the rainbow4
“Over the Rainbow” unknowable.

If happy little bluebirds flyBeyond the rainbowWhy, oh why can't I?

Dvorak new world symphony
Dvorak unknowable.New World Symphony

Antonín Leopold Dvořák

September 8, 1841 – May 1, 1904

was a Czech composer. Following the nationalist example of Bedřich Smetana, Dvořák frequently employed features of the folk music of Moravia and his native Bohemia . Dvořák'sown style has been described as 'the fullest recreation of a national idiom with that of the symphonic tradition, absorbing folk influences and finding effective ways of using them'.

Dvorak new world symphony1
Dvorak unknowable.New World Symphony

The Symphony No. 9 in E minor, From the New World, popularly known as the New World Symphony, was composed by Dvořák in 1893 while he was the director of the National Conservatory of Music of America from 1892 to 1895. It is by far his most popular symphony, and one of the most popular of all symphonies.]

When the saints go marching in
When the Saints go Marching In unknowable.

"When the Saints Go Marching In", often referred to as "The Saints", is an American gospel hymn. The precise origins of the song are not known. Though it originated as a Christian hymn, it is often played by jazz bands. The song is sometimes confused with a similarly titled composition "When the Saints are Marching In" from 1896 by Katharine Purvis (lyrics) and James Milton Black (music).