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Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy. Psych 422 Chapter 1: Introduction and Overview. Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy - Chapter 1 (1). Introduction. The author’s perspective: No single model can explain all the facets of human experience

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theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy

Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy

Psych 422

Chapter 1: Introduction and Overview

Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy - Chapter 1 (1)

introduction
Introduction
  • The author’s perspective:
    • No single model can explain all the facets of human experience
      • Eleven approaches to counseling and psychotherapy are discussed
  • The book assumes:
    • Students can begin to acquire a counseling style tailored to their own personality
      • The process will take years
      • Different theories are not “right” or “wrong”

Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy - Chapter 1 (2)

where corey stands
Where Corey Stands
  • He is strongly influenced by the existential approach and so believes:
    • Clients can exercise freedom to choose their future
    • The quality of the client/therapist relationship is key
  • He likes to use a variety of techniques:
    • Role playing and various techniques from cognitive and behavioral therapy approaches

Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy - Chapter 1 (3)

where corey stands 2
Where Corey Stands (2)
  • He believes:
    • “…counseling entails far more than becoming a skilled technician”
      • Who you are as a therapist, is critical
      • Students should experience being a “client” and feel anxiety over self disclosure, and learn to model courage and growth
    • It is not “sufficient to be merely a good person with good intentions”
      • Also essential are a knowledge of counseling theory and techniques, theories of personality, and supervised experiences

Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy - Chapter 1 (4)

where corey stands 3
Where Corey Stands (3)
  • Therapist is not in business to change clients, to give them quick advice, or to solve their problems for them.
  • YOU are your own very best technique.
  • It is important for therapists to increase their own awareness and applying this material to yourself personally.

Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy - Chapter 1 (5)

suggestions for using the book
Suggestions for Using the Book
  • Relate readings to your own experiences
    • Reflect on your own needs, motivations, values, and life experiences
  • Apply key concepts and techniques to your own personal growth
  • Develop a personalized style of counseling that reflects your personality
  • Early on, read chapter 16 and skim chapter 15

Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy - Chapter 1 (6)

counseling theory
Psychoanalytic therapy

Adlerian therapy

Existential therapy

Person-centered therapy

Gestalt therapy

Behavior therapy

Cognitive behavior therapy

Reality therapy

Feminist therapy

Postmodern approaches

Family systems therapy

Counseling Theory

Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy - Chapter 1 (7)

the case of stan chapter 16
The Case of Stan (Chapter 16)
  • As you read about Stan ask yourself:
    • What themes in Stan’s life merit special attention?
    • What techniques and methods would best meet these goals?
    • What characterizes the relationship between Stan and his therapist?
    • How might the therapist precede?

Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy - Chapter 1 (8)