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  1. Twenty Quality Priority Areas Internet 2 J. Michael Fitzmaurice, Ph.D. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

  2. Agenda • AHRQ/Landscape • Setting Priorities • Priority Areas • Future

  3. FY 1995 - FY 2003 Appropriation HistoryDollar in Millions September 3, 2002 J:/fms/FY90-03apphist.ppt

  4. AHRQ Mission • To support, conduct, and disseminate research that improves the outcomes, quality, access to, and cost and utilization of health care services • AHRQ is the lead Federal agency in research for improving the quality of care • Research to improve clinical, health care system, and public policy decisions

  5. Secretary Tommy ThompsonMarch 21, 2003 In the modern era, every century has had its major advance that has brought medical science another giant step forward. In the 18th century, vaccination offered precious immunity from age-old plagues. The 19th century introduced knowledge of bacteria and disease transmission. The 20th century brought us the miracle of antibiotics. What will the major advance of the 21st century be? Iam convinced that the medical revolution of our children’s lifetimes will be the application of information technology to health care.

  6. Prevention Quality Indicators Inpatient Quality Indicators Patient Safety Indicators (released March 2003) Ambulatory care sensitive conditions Mortality following procedures Mortality for medical conditions Utilization of procedures Volume of procedures Post-operative complications Iatrogenic conditions AHRQ Quality Indicator (QI) Sets

  7. User-friendly package for Prevention QI module User-friendly package for Inpatient QI module Stanford completes Patient Safety Indicators User-friendly package for Patient Safety QI module Continued development CMS collaboration Analysis for National Quality Report Available Available Complete Available On-going On-going 2002-3 Current QI Activities

  8. Landscape • IOM, To Err is Human, Building a Safer Health System (2002) • Patient safety is a major problem in the US • Between 44,000 and 98,000 lives are lost annually as a result of medical errors in hospitals • Health systems do not adequately support health professionals and patients

  9. Landscape • IOM, Crossing the Quality Chasm: • Large gaps in health care quality exist • Inadequate health care delivery system to implement effective treatments • A New Health System for the 21st Century (2001) • More responsive to patients’ needs • More capable of delivering science-based care

  10. Landscape • How to improve quality--Chasm guidance • Promote a focus on improving care in a limited set of priority areas • Chronic conditions • Should have emphasis • They account for much of the health care burden and use of resources • Invoke collaborative efforts

  11. Bridging the Quality Chasm Where Where We We Are Want To Be Implementation Innovation Education Diffusion Adoption TRIP

  12. Heart Disease ($58B) Cancer ($46B) Trauma ($44B) Mental Disorders ($30B) Pulmonary Conditions ($29B) Diabetes ($20B) Hypertension ($18B) Cerebrovascular Disease ($16B) Osteoarthritis ($16B) Pneumonia ($16B) Ten Highest Cost Conditions Source: J. Cohen and N. Krauss, “Spending and Service Use Among People with the Fifteen Most Costly Medical Conditions, 1997,” Health Affairs, March/April 2003.

  13. Which priority areas? • HHS contracted with IOM • To select criteria for screening potential priority areas • To develop a process for applying those criteria • To generate a list of 12-20 candidate areas

  14. Priority Areas for National Action: Transforming Health Care Quality • IOM (2003) Goal • To identify priority areas that presented the greatest opportunity to narrow the gap between what the health care system is routinely doing now and what we know to be the best medical practice • Improve the delivery of existing best practice treatments.

  15. Framework • Based on • Foundation for Accountability (1997) • IOM, National Health Care Quality Report (2001) • Five domains • Staying healthy (preventive care) • Getting better (acute care) • Living with illness/disability (chronic care) • Coping with end of life (palliative care) • Cross-cutting systems interventions (coordination of care)

  16. Priority Area Selection Criteria • Impact • Burden: disability, mortality, economic costs • Improvability • Gap between current and evidence-based best practice --size and probability of improvement • Inclusiveness • Range--(equity) of individuals (socioeconomic, r/e, gender) • Generalizability--(representativeness) to many conditions • Breadth--(reach) across settings and providers

  17. What’s the process? • Determine a framework for the priority areas • Identify candidate areas • Establish criteria for selecting final priority areas • Apply impact and inclusiveness to the candidates • Apply criteria of improvability and inclusiveness to the preliminary set of areas obtained in the step above

  18. What’s the process? (2) • Identify priority areas, reassess, and approve • Finally • Implement strategies for improving care in he priority areas, • Measure the impact of implementation • Review/update the list of areas\

  19. What are the priority areas? • Care coordination (cc) • Self-management/health literacy (cc) • Asthma--appropriate treatment for persons with mile/moderate asthma • Cancer screening that is evidence-based--focus on colorectal and cervical cancer

  20. Priority Areas (2) • Children with special health care needs • Diabetes--focus on appropriate management of early disease • End of life with advanced organ system failure--focus on congestive heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease • Frailty associated with old age--preventing falls and pressure ulcers, maximizing function, and developing advanced care plans

  21. Priority Areas (3) • Hypertension--focus on appropriate management of early disease • immunization--children and adults • Ischemic heart disease--prevention, reduction of recurring events, and optimization of functional capacity • Major depression--screening and treatment

  22. Priority Areas (4) • Medication management--preventing medication errors and overuse of antibiotics • Nosocomial infections--prevention and surveillance • Pain control in advanced cancer • Pregnancy and childbirth--appropriate prenatal and intrapartum care

  23. Priority Areas (5) • Severe and persistent mental illness--focus on treatment in the public sector • Stroke--early intervention and rehabilitation • Tobacco dependence treatment in adults • Obesity (an emerging area)

  24. What for the future? • Data collection and measurement systems for ... quality improvement efforts • Support development of … standardized measures of quality • Report measures of key attributes and outcomes to the public • Revise selection criteria and priority area list

  25. What for the future? • Review evidence based and update priorities every 3-5 years • Assess changes in society’s attributes that could affect health and alter priorities • Disseminate the results of strategies for QI in the priority areas

  26. Strategy • This is the development of a strategy for addressing the high priority areas of health care • Determining the priorities is a collaborative process • These priorities are for everyone

  27. Twenty Quality Priority Areas Internet 2 J. Michael Fitzmaurice, Ph.D. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

  28. Practice-Based Research Networks • AHRQ supports research in groups of physician practices on such topics as: automated electronic reminders to • Improve compliance with guidelines for managing patients with diabetes • Improve screening and detection of patients at higher risk for tuberculosis using CDC guidelines • Improve lipid management (improving cholesterol and calculating the risk of cardiovascular disease for a patient)

  29. Practice-Based Research Networks (PBRNs) 36 new PBRN grants awarded in 2002 19 PBRN grants awarded in 2000