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The Hunt of 1692 The Salem Witch Trials. History of Salem. Presentation By: Jason Lemley. Timeline of Events. The Crucible. The Victims. Outcome of Trials. The End. History of Salem, Massachusetts. During the winter of 1623-1624, a fishing settlement was established on

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the hunt of 1692 the salem witch trials

The Hunt of 1692The Salem Witch Trials

History of Salem

Presentation By:

Jason Lemley

Timeline of Events

The Crucible

The Victims

Outcome of Trials

The End

history of salem massachusetts
History of Salem, Massachusetts

During the winter of 1623-1624, a fishing settlement was established on

Cape Ann by Englandâs Dorchester Company. After three years of

struggle on rocky, stormy Cape Ann, a group of the settlers, led by Roger

Conant, set out to establish a more permanent settlement. They found

sheltered, fertile land at the mouth of the Naumkeag River.

The new settlement, called Naumkeag, or comfort haven by the Native

Americans, thrived on farming and fishing. In 1629 the settlement was

renamed Salem for Shalom, the Hebrew word for peace.

timeline of events of 1692
Timeline Of Events of 1692
  • 1688
  • November
    • Rev. Samuel Parris preaches in Salem Village for the first time.
  • 1689
  • June 18
    • Samuel Parris is officially hired as the Salem Village minister.
  • 1691
  • October
    • Joseph Porter, Joseph Hutchinson, Joseph Putnam, Daniel Andrew and Francis Nurse become the elected majority to the Salem Village committee.
  • 1692
  • January 20
    • Samuel Parris' nine year old daughter, Betty, falls ill.
    • More young girls in Salem Village also fall ill.
  • February
    • The Salem Village physician, Dr. William Griggs, concludes the girls are bewitched.
  • February 25
    • Parris' servant, Tituba, and her husband, John Indian, are advised by Mary Sibley to bake a witch cake. She hopes the cake will help the girls identify the person(s) who are bewitching them.
  • February 29
    • Thomas and Edward Putnam, Joseph Hutchinson and Thomas Preston swear complaints against Tituba, Sarah Good and Sarah Osborne. They are later arrested for suspicion of witchcraft.
timeline cont
Timeline (Cont.)
  • March 1
    • Salem Town Magistrates John Hathorne and Jonathan Corwin examine Tituba, Sarah Good and Sarah Osborne.
    • Tituba confesses to witchcraft.
  • March 7
    • Sarah Osborne, Sarah Good and Tituba are sent to a Boston prison.
  • March 14
    • Martha Corey is summoned to appear before the magistrates and answer questions.
  • March 19
    • A warrant is issued for Martha Corey's arrest.
    • Rebecca Nurse is accused of witchcraft by Abigail Williams.
  • March 21
    • Martha Corey's hearing begins.
  • March 23
    • Edward and Jonathan Putnam file complaints against Rebecca Nurse.
  • March 24
    • Rebecca Nurse appears before the Salem Magistrates.
  • March 28
    • One of the afflicted girls, possibly Mercy Lewis, accuses Elizabeth Proctor of witchcraft.
  • April 4
    • Jonathan Walcott and Nathaniel Ingersoll file complaints against Sarah Cloyce.
  • April 8
    • Warrants are issued for Sarah Cloyce and Giles Corey for the suspicion of witchcraft.
timeline cont5
Timeline (Cont.)
  • April 11
    • Sarah Cloyce and Elizabeth Proctor appear before the Salem Magistrates.
    • John and Elizabeth Proctor, Rebecca Nurse, Sarah Cloyce, Martha Corey and Dorcas Good are sent to a Boston prison on this night.
  • April 19
    • Mary Warren appears before the Salem Magistrates under witchcraft charges.
  • April 21
    • Arrest warrants are issued for Mary Easty, Edward and Sarah Bishop, Deliverance and William Hobbs, Sarah Wilds, Mary Black, Nehemiah Abbott, Jr. and Mary English.
    • Abigail Williams identifies the Rev. George Burroughs as the "Black Minister."
  • April 22
    • Mary Easty is found guilty of witchcraft by the Salem Magistrates.
  • April 30
    • Upon the request of the Salem Magistrates, Boston Magistrate Elisha Hutchinson issues a warrant for the Rev. George Burroughs' arrest.
  • May 4
    • George Burroughs is arrested at his home in Wells, Maine. He is then extradited to Salem Town.
  • May 8
    • George Burroughs is examined by the Salem Magistrates.
  • May 10
    • Arrest warrants are issued for George Jacobs, Sr. and John Willard for the suspicion of witchcraft.
    • Sarah Osborne dies in prison
  • May 14
    • Increase Mather and Massachusetts Royal Gov. Sir William Phips return to Boston after securing the new colonial charter.
timeline cont6
Timeline (Cont.)
  • May 18
    • Mary Easty is released from prison.
  • May 20
    • Mercy Lewis becomes gravely ill and Mary Easty is blamed for her illness. She is arrested again for witchcraft.
  • May 21
    • An arrest warrant is issued for John and Elizabeth Proctor's daughter, Sarah.
  • May 23
    • An arrest warrant is issued for John and Elizabeth Proctor's son, Benjamin.
    • Susannah Sheldon testifies Joseph Rabson, a deceased man, appeared to her and stated that Philip English had murdered him.
  • May 27
    • Gov. Phips establishes a Court of Oyer and Terminer to investigate the allegations of witchcraft. Lieutenant Gov. William Stoughton, Nathaniel Saltonstall, Bartholomew Gedney, Peter Sergeant, Samuel Sewall, Wait Still Winthrop, John Richards, John Hathorne and Jonathan Corwin are its members.
  • May 28
    • An arrest warrant is issued for John and Elizabeth Proctor's second son, William.
    • An arrest warrant is issued for John Alden.
    • Martha Carrier is arrested upon the complaints of Joseph Holton and John Walcott.
  • May 31
    • Philip English, husband of Mary English, is examined by the court.
  • June 1
    • Mary English testifies that Mary Warren had confessed to lying in court.
timeline cont7
TimeLine (Cont.)
  • July 23
    • Fearing that they can't get a fair trial in Salem Town, John Proctor and other prisoners write a letter from prison to the Reverends Increase Mather, James Allen, Joshua Moody, Samuel Willard and John Bayley. In the letter, they ask the ministers to support their request for a change of venue for the trials.
  • August 2
    • William Beale testifies before an Essex County grand jury that when he was laid up in bed sick in March, Philip English's specter appeared to him. The next day his son, James--who had been recovering from smallpox--complained of a pain in his side and later died.
  • August 5
    • The Court of Oyer and Terminer reconvenes to try the Rev. George Burroughs, John and Elizabeth Proctor, George Jacobs Sr., John Willard and Martha Carrier.
  • August 19
    • George Burroughs, John Proctor, George Jacobs Sr., John Willard and Martha Carrier are hanged on Gallows Hill.
  • September 9
    • Six accused are tried and condemned by the court.
  • September 16
    • Giles Corey refuses to stand trial, so the Court of Oyer and Terminer orders the sheriff to pile rocks on him.
  • September 17
    • Nine accused are tried and condemned by the court.
  • September 19
    • Giles Corey is pressed to death.
timeline cont8
Timeline (Cont.)
  • September 22
    • Martha Corey, Mary Easty, Alice Parker, Ann Pudeator, Margaret Scott, Wilmot Reed, Samuel Wardwell and Mary Parker are hanged on Gallows Hill.
    • Mary Herrick of Wenham, Massachusetts reports that the ghost of Mary Easty appeared to her and proclaimed her innocence of witchcraft.
  • October 19
    • Increase Mather visits the Salem jail and finds that several confessors wish to renounce their earlier testimonies.
  • October 29
    • Gov. Phips dissolves the Court of Oyer and Terminer
  • November 25
    • A Superior Court of Judicature is created to try the remaining persons accused of witchcraft. William Stoughton, Samuel Sewall, John Richards, Wait Still Winthrop and Thomas Danford are its members. Spectral evidence is no longer considered in the remaining trials.
  • 1693
  • May
    • Gov. Phips pardons the remaining accused of witchcraft.
arthur miller s the crucible
The Crucible is told from a third

person objective point of view.  The

characters do not address the

audience in the first

person.  Arthur Miller shows the

audience the good and evil

within people and bring out the

mad hysterical qualities in a

mob.  He displays that even deeply

religious people make mistakes in

their lives.  He does this through

his characters who through their

own imperfections and beliefs,

bring the witch hunts to a complete

chaos.

The Crucible is set against the

backdrop of the mad witch hunts

of the Salem witch trials in Salem,

Massachusetts in the late 17th

century.  Since this story is based

on a true story, its setting is

real.  The fact that the story takes

place during the 17th century is

important.  the community needed

to be superstitious and gullible in

order for this incident to have

happened.  Also, the event

occurred within a Puritan society

with a strong aversion to witches.

Arthur Miller’s, The Crucible
the crucible cont
The Crucible (cont.)

The theme of this play was rising over adversity, and standing for truth

even to death.  This is the theme for many stories and is always an

exciting one.  john, in the beginning, wanted to keep distant from the

trials.  he did not want to have a part, whether good or bad.  When

Elizabeth was arrested, he was forced to become a part of it.  Through the

trail, he confessed of his affair and cleansed himself of his sin.  He stood

for what he knew to be the truth, and died as a martyr learning what

truth meant through his sufferings.  Through Proctor’s struggle, Miller displays the struggles within each

of our own hearts.  Many times we have witnessed some wrong happening

to some person and wished not to get involved.  Proctor was forced into it

and stuck to his guns throughout.  There is also another theme about the frantic hysteria of the

mob.  They were easily manipulated by Abigail’s lies and easily

maneuvered into murdering many of the townspeople.  Their hysteria was

unfounded and absurd.  Through this theme, Miller comments on the

similar McCarthy trials during his time.

the victims
the Victims

Hanged on June 10

  • Bridget Bishop, Salem

Hanged on July 19

  • Sarah Good, Salem Village
  • Rebecca Nurse, Salem Village
  • Susannah Martin, Amesbury
  • Elizabeth How, Ipswich
  • Sarah Wilds, Topsfield

Hanged on August 19

  • George Burroughs, Wells, Maine
  • John Proctor, Salem Village
  • John Willard, Salem Village
  • George Jacobs, Sr., Salem Town
  • Martha Carrier, Andover

September 19

  • Giles Corey, Salem Farms, pressed to death

Hanged on September 22

  • Martha Corey, Salem Farms
  • Mary Eastey, Topsfield
  • Alice Parker, Salem Town
  • Ann Pudeater, Salem Town
  • Margaret Scott, Rowley
  • Wilmott Reed, Marblehead
  • Samuel Wardwell, Andover
  • Mary Parker, Andover
the victims cont
The Victims (Cont.)

Other accused witches that were not hanged, but died in prison:

  • Sarah Osborne, Salem Village
  • Roger Toothaker, Billerica
  • Lyndia Dustin, Reading
  • Ann Foster, Andover
  • Thirteen others may have also died in prison, but sources conflict on the exact number.
outcome of trials
Outcome of Trials

The aftermath of the Salem witch trials was severe. Even with the witch trials

over, many were still in jail because they could not pay for their release. The

law stipulated that prisoners had to pay for their food and board before being

released. Unless the prisoners or someone else could pay for these expenses,

they could not be freed. Additionally, those who were convicted of witchcraft

had their property confiscated by the government. This left their families

without money and, in some cases, a home.

outcome cont
Outcome (Cont.)

No one died as a convicted witch in America again after the Salem witch trials.

It was also the last of the religious witch hunts. Salem Village separated from

Salem Town in 1752 and became the town of Danvers. However, this

separation did not wipe away the history of the witch trials from its past. For

over 300 years, historians, sociologists, psychologists and others continue to

research and write about them to this day, and they continue to serve as a

reminder of how politics, family squabbles, religion, economics and the

imaginations and fears of people can yield tragic consequences.