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Rules for Flaggers

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  1. Rules for Flaggers WAC 296-155-305

  2. Definition “Flagger” • “A person who provides temporary traffic control.” • Definition straight from MUTCD

  3. Definition M.U.T.C.D. • Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices • Read it on the web: http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/biz/trafficoperations/mutcd.htm Where to obtain a copy

  4. General Requirements When flaggers are used, employers must • First, apply the requirements of 296-155-305 • Then, set up & use temporary traffic control per MUTCD Click here to Read WISHA’s Enforcement Policy Click here to understand full text of Subparagraph (1)(a)

  5. Training • “Job site workers with specific traffic control responsibilities must be trained in…” • Traffic control techniques • Device usage • …and placement Click here to read full text of Subparagraph (1)(b)

  6. “When to use flaggers” • “Flaggers are to be used only when other reasonable …methods will not adequately control traffic…” • “If signs [etc.] do not provide necessary protection…..you must use flaggers….” Click here to read full text of Subparagraphs (2)(a) & (b)

  7. Sign Paddles • Flagger signaling must be done with sign paddles Click here to read full text of Subparagraph (3)(a)

  8. Sign paddles must comply with MUTCD • At least 18” inches in diameter • Printed with letters at least 6” high • “STOP” in white letters on red background • “SLOW” in black letters on orange background Click here to read full text of Subparagraph (3)(b)

  9. During Periods of Darkness • Paddles must be retroreflective or • Illuminated in the same manner as signs The definition of “hours of darkness” Click here to read full text of Subparagraph (3)(c)

  10. Sign Paddles • Flagger signaling must be done with sign paddles • Flags no longer acceptable except for emergency situations. Click here to read full text of Subparagraph (3)(d)

  11. Vehicles Approaching from Behind Either position flaggers so they’re not exposed to such traffic Or ensure flaggers have adequate visual warning Click here to read full text of Subparagraph (4)

  12. Thanks to Pacific Road & Bridge Company Examples of methods to adequately warn or protect flaggers “Jersey” barriers” Mirror on hardhat Spotter Read “Note” in Subparagraph (4)

  13. High-Visibility Garments for Flaggers During daylight hours Read details in Subparagraph (5)(a)

  14. High-Visibility Garments for Flaggers During hours of darkness “Retroreflectivity” Read details in Subparagraph (5)(b)

  15. High-Visibility Garments for Flaggers During hours of darkness – when snow or fog limit visibility Reflective tapes Read details in Subparagraph (5)(c)

  16. Flagger Training Each flagger must have a valid flagger card in their possession. • Includes details about flagger’s training Read details in Subparagraph (6)

  17. Exemption to Flagger Training Requirement In emergency situations only, a person without flagger training may be temporarily assigned duties as a flagger. Read Exemption to Subparagraph (6)

  18. Flagger Orientation andTraffic Control Plan Flagger must have an orientation • for each new project, or • when job site conditions change significantly Read required content for orientation in Subparagraph (7)(a)

  19. Flagger Orientation andTraffic Control Plan • Site specific traffic control plan required when a job will last more than one day Read required content for traffic control plan in Subparagraph (7)(b)

  20. Advance Warning Signs • A threesign sequence below 45 mph • Foursign sequence 45 and above Read Subparagraph (8)(a)

  21. Table 1 – (WSDOT assigned speed to type of road) Signs

  22. * Single Asterisk * “All spacing may be adjusted to accommodate interchange ramps, at-grade intersections & driveways.”

  23. ** Double Asterisk ** • Figures for distance between advance warning signs • Figure 1 shows situation typical for roadways with limits under 45 mph.

  24. *** Triple Asterisk *** • Spacing may be reduced in urban areas to fit roadway conditions

  25. Mobile Flagging Operation • When flagger moves with the operation Read exemption to Subparagraph (8)

  26. Employers, Contractors, Owners Must Provide a Safe Job Site for Flaggers… • Flagger stations are far enough ahead of the work space • Details in Table 2 Read Subparagraph (9)(a)

  27. Where Flaggers Must Stand • Shoulder or closed lane • OSHA/WISHA say “must” • Exception: when road users have stopped • What is a “closed lane”? Read Subparagraph (9)(b)

  28. Floodlight Placement Flagger workstations must be illuminated during hours of darkness by floodlights • except for emergencies • floodlights must not create a glare for drivers Read Subparagraph (9)(c)

  29. Flaggers must not be assigned other duties while engaged in flagging activities Read Subparagraph (9)(d)

  30. Flaggers must not use devices which may distract the vision, hearing or attention • Cell phones • Pagers • Radios • Headphones Read Subparagraph (9)(e)

  31. Flaggers must receive appropriate breaks • At least 10 minutes for each four hours of working time • As near as possible to the midpoint of the work period • No more than 3 hours work without a rest period Read Subparagraph (9)(f)

  32. Barricades • Only thing added was reference to the MUTCD

  33. It’s not about the rules. It’s about people’s lives!!

  34. End of Presentation Click here to exit The following slides are text from the standard.

  35. WRD 27.20 • Clarifies how to combine & enforce WAC 296-155 and the MUTCD Link to WRD 27.20 on the Web Return to previous slide

  36. You may purchase copies of the MUTCD by writing to: US Government Printing Office Superintendent of Documents Mail Stop: SSOP Washington DC 20402-9328 • Or log on to: https://www.transportation.org/publications/bookstore.nsf/Home?OpenForm • http://www.ite.org/bookstore/index.asp%20 • http://www.atssa.com/%20 Return to the text of the paragraph you were reading Return to the program

  37. ANSI/ISEA 107-1999 is available by: • Purchasing copies by writing: • American National Standards Institute 11 West 42nd Street New York, NY 10036 or • Contacting the ANSI website at http://web.ansi.org/ • Reading a copy at any Washington state library Return to previous slide

  38. Text of WAC 296-155-305(1)(a) When flaggers are used, employers must first apply the requirements of this section. Then you must set up and use temporary traffic controls according to the guidelines and recommendations in Part VI of the MUTCD. Read the text of paragraph 1b Return to the program

  39. Text of WAC 296-155-305(1)(b) Job site workers with specific traffic control responsibilities must be trained in traffic control techniques, device usage, and placement Return to the program

  40. Text of WAC 296-155-305(2)(a) Flaggers are to be used only when other reasonable traffic control methods will not adequately control traffic in the work zone. Read the text of paragraph 2b Return to the program

  41. Text of WAC 296-155-305(2)(b) If signs, signals, and barricades do not provide necessary protection from traffic at work zones and construction sites on or adjacent to a highway or street, then you must use flaggers or other appropriate traffic controls. Return to the program

  42. Text of WAC 296-155-305(3)(a) & (b) • Flagger signaling must be with sign paddles approved by WSDOT and conform to guidelines and recommendations of MUTCD. • Sign paddles must comply with the requirements of the MUTCD. Read the text of paragraph 3c Return to the program

  43. Text of WAC 296-155-305(3)(c) (c) When flagging is done during periods of darkness, sign paddles must be retroreflective or illuminated in the same manner as signs. Read the text of paragraph 3d Return to the program

  44. Text of WAC 296-155-305(3)(d) (d) During emergency situations, red flags, meeting the specifications of the MUTCD, may be used to draw a driver’s attention to particularly hazardous conditions. In nonemergency situations, a red flag may be held in a flagger’s free hand to supplement the use of a sign paddle. Return to the program

  45. Text of WAC 296-155-305(4)(Slide 1 of 3) Adequate warning of approaching vehicles. Employers must: • Position work zone flaggers so they are not exposed to traffic or equipment approaching them from behind. • If this is not possible, then the employer, responsible contractor, and/or project owner must develop and use a method to ensure that flaggers have adequate visual warning of traffic and equipment approaching from behind. Read the next part of Paragraph (4) Return to the program

  46. Text of WAC 296-155-305(4)(Slide 2 of 3) NOTE: • The following are some optional examples of methods that may be used to adequately warn or protect flaggers. • Mount a mirror on the flagger’s hard hat • Use an observer • Use “jersey” barriers Read the NOTE in Paragraph (4) Return to the program

  47. Text of WAC 296-155-305(4)(Slide 3 of 3) NOTE (part 2) • The department recognizes the importance of adequately trained flaggers and supports industry efforts to improve the quality of flagger training. However, training alone is not sufficient to comply with the statutory requirement of revising flagger safety standards to improve options available that ensure flagger safety and that flaggers have adequate visual warning of objects approaching them from behind. Return to the program

  48. Text of WAC 296-155-305(5)(a)(Slide 1 of 3) While flagging during daylight hours, a flagger must at least wear, as an outer garment: • A high-visibility safety garment designed according to Class 2 specifications in ANSI/ISEA 107-1999, American National Standard for High-Visibility Safety Apparel. • Consisting on at least 775 square inches of background material that are fluorescent yellow-green, fluorescent orange-red, or fluorescent red in color; and • 201 square inches of retroreflective material that encircles the torso and is placed to provide 360 degrees visibility around the flagger. Read the next part of Paragraph (5)(a) Return to the program

  49. Text of WAC 296-155-305(5)(a)(Slide 2 of 3) While flagging during daylight hours, a flagger must at least wear, as an outer garment: • [requirements of previous slide] • A high visibility hard hat that is white, yellow, yellow-green, orange or red in color Read the last part of Paragraph (5)(a) Return to the program

  50. Text of WAC 296-155-305(5)(a)(Slide 3 of 3) NOTE: A high-visibility garment meets Class 2 specifications if the garment: • Meets the requirements above or • Has an ANSI “Class 2” label Return to the program Return to previous slide