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Essential Film Everything You Need to Know about Photochemical Film Preservation in 20 Minutes or Less Michael Pogorzelski, Academy Film Archive Film Negatives / Film Positives The film strip which passes through the camera always creates a negative image

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essential film

Essential Film

Everything You Need to Know about Photochemical Film Preservation

in 20 Minutes or Less

Michael Pogorzelski, Academy Film Archive

film negatives film positives
Film Negatives / Film Positives
  • The film strip which passes through the camera always creates a negative image
  • Negative is run through printer with a piece of raw stock to make a viewable positive print
reversal masters camera original that is a positive image
Reversal Masters – Camera Original that is a Positive Image
  • Sometimes referred to as “monopack”
  • Began appearing in mid-30s
  • Kodachrome: Eastman Kodak product which produces luminous colors which will not fade.
film gauges
Film Gauges
  • 35mm 16mm
black and white terms
Black and White Terms
  • Original camera negative: the film strip which ran through the camera
  • Fine Grain Master Positive: a second generation element made at lower contrast for duplication purposes.
  • Duplicate negative aka “dupe negative”: a non-camera negative made from a positive source (Fine Grain or positive print)
color terms
Color Terms
  • Original camera negative: the film strip which ran through the camera
  • Interpositive: a second-generation element made at low contrast level.
  • Internegative: a non-camera negative used to make prints.
  • Separation Masters: three positive b/w records of each portion of the color spectrum.
different kinds of prints
Different kinds of “prints”
  • answer print – a fully-timed print which is approved as the final result.
  • “check print” – a print made from a negative at ‘best lite,’ NOT corrected scene to scene by a color timer.
  • “release print” – a print made with approved lites that does not require any timing.
what do i need from the lab to preserve my film
What do I need from the lab to “preserve” my film?
  • 1) Preservation element
  • 2) Access element
  • 3) Production element (if possible)
starting with a negative
Starting with a negative
  • Step 1: create answer print from negative.
  • Step 2: create FGMP or IP (preservation element).
  • Step 3: create dupe negative (production element).
  • Step 4: create check print from dupe negative.
starting with a positive
Starting with a positive
  • Step 1: Create a dupe negative from positive original (preservation element).
  • Step 2: Create an answer print from new negative (access element).
  • Step 3: Create a master positive (FGMP or IP).
approximate costs
Approximate Costs
  • Fully timed answer print: $1.08 - $2.08 / ft.
  • Interpositive: $0.98 - $1.58 / ft.
  • Internegative: $0.68 - $1.18 / ft.
  • Check print: $0.28 - $0.68 / ft.

Or lower?

Or higher?

preserving quon gwon
Preserving Quon Gwon
  • 1) Make a fully timed answer print from 35mm negative.
  • 2) Create Fine Grain Master Positive from original 35mm negative.
  • 3) Create 16mm duplicate negative from print.
presenting quon gwon
Presenting Quon Gwon
  • 4) Transfer 35mm answer print and 16mm print.
  • 5) Edit all surviving footage together into sequence on an Avid workstation.
  • 6) Create video submaster for duplication purposes.
  • 7) Create dvds for access purposes.
quon gwon costs
Quon Gwon costs
  • Lab costs: approximately $7,600
  • Video transfers: $500
  • Plus internal archive costs (shipping, travel, staff time, etc.)
laboratories
Laboratories

Cinetech, Inc.

27200 Tourney Road

Suite 100

Valencia, CA 91355

661-222-9073 phone

http://www.cinetech.com

Film Technology Company, Inc.

726 North Cole Avenue

Los Angeles, CA 90038

310-395-5595 phone

http://www.filmtech.com

YCM Laboratories

3140 Clybourn Avenue

Burbank, CA 91505

818 843-5300

http://www.ycmlaboratories.com

Cinema Lab

2735 S. Raritan Street

Englewood, CO 80110

(303) 783-1020 phone

http://cinemlab.com

Triage Motion Picture Services

516 North Larchmont Boulevard

Los Angeles, CA 90004

323 962-7420 phone

http://www.triage.to

Cineric Inc.

630 Ninth Avenue, Suite 508

New York, NY 10036

212 586-4822 phone

http://www.cineric.com

Colorlab

5708 Arundel Avenue

Rockville, MD 20852

301 770-2128 phone

http://www.colorlab.com