Microlinguistic CA contnd . December 8, 2009. The elements of language juxtaposed for contrasting may be viewed as: Paradigms Paradigmatic approach to contrasting Syntagms Syntagmatic approach to contrasting What’s the difference ?
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December 8, 2009
“The type of analysis presupposes that language is structured along two axes, a horizontal axis delineating construction types , and a vertical axis defining sets of possible fillers for each position : the syntagmatic and paradigmatic respectively.”
Therefore, the paradigmatic approach implies observing the language elements as parts of a system, or a subsystem.
An example of paradigmatic comparison : morphological markers of adjective comparison
Mlađi : najmlađi
Više fer: najviše fer
Više pogrešan: najviše pogrešan
Manje važan : najmanje važan
It is possible, therefore to establish types of correspondances between the markers of comparison, as :
Adj + N
N + Adj
Za bogove tuđe
U nedrima netaknutim
N + Adj
N + Adj
Svet nestvaran u tami
Rešenje prihvatljivo za mene
Đorđević, R. (2002) Uvod u kontrastiranje jezika
James, C. (1980) Contrastive Analysis, pp 61-97