Early Cameras • The first machine that showed animated pictures in the United States was called the "wheel of life" or "zoopraxiscope". Invented by William Lincoln in 1867, the moving drawings or pictures were viewed through a slit in the zoopraxiscope. However, this was not quite like the motion picture cameras we use today.
Lumiere’s Invention • Louis Lumiere, from France, most famously invented the first motion picture camera in 1895 (but other similar inventions came out around the same time). Lumiere’s camera was portable and also included a film processing unit and projector called the Cinematographe. • That same year, the Lumiere brothers were the first to show moving photos projected for a large, paying audience.
Thomas Edison Contributes • An invention from the 19th century by Thomas Edison laboratories was capable of recording successive images in a single camera; a more cost-effective and useful breakthrough that influenced all following motion picture devices.
Autochrome • In 1904, Auguste and Louis Lumiere wanted to push film to the next level by showing it in color. Based on the primary colors, the LumiereAutochrome plates were starch grain filters that produced in image color by reflecting light and positive images. The pictures came out dark, but nevertheless were another breakthrough.
The Drive-In Movie • A young sales manager named Richard Hollingshead worked to invent something that combined his two interests: cars and movies. He experimented in his own driveway at home in Camden, New Jersey when he mounted a 1928 Kodak projector on top of his car, projected onto a screen which he nailed to some trees in his backyard, and placed a radio behind it for sound.
Richard opened the first drive-in on Tuesday June 6, 1933 with an investment of $30,000, in Camden, New Jersey. The price of admission was 25 cents for the car and 25 cents per person.
The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari • Establishment of the German film Expressionism movement began with Robert Wiene'sThe Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, filmed in 1919 and released in 1920. The bizarre sets, make up, and angular camera shots influenced future literary and cinematic styles, notably the cycle of Universal's horror films in the 30s, and film noir in the 40s.
The First 3-D Movie • The Power of Love was the first 3-D feature film shown to a paying film audience, at the Ambassador Hotel's 'theater' in Los Angeles. The stereoscopic film was projected dual-strip in the red/green anaglyph format, making it both the earliest known film that utilized dual strip projection and the earliest known film in which anaglyph glasses were used. The film utilized and may have been the only commercial film produced in the dual-camera, dual-projector system developed by Harry K. Fairhall and Robert F. Elder.