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JRC Geographical Information Systems and Satellite Monitoring in Nuclear Safeguards A. Poucet, S. Contini, F.Bellezza European Commission Joint Research Centre Nuclear Safeguards

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geographical information systems and satellite monitoring in nuclear safeguards

JRC

Geographical Information Systems and Satellite Monitoring in Nuclear Safeguards

A. Poucet, S. Contini, F.Bellezza

European Commission

Joint Research Centre

slide2

Nuclear Safeguards

Nuclear Safeguards could be described as a comprehensive set of internationally approved technical and legal measures to verify the political undertakings of States not to use nuclear material to manufacture nuclear weapons

This control is performed by the

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

European Union: EURATOM

Countries that voluntarily accept IAEA safeguards must periodically declare their Nuclear Fuel Cycle activities according to agreed protocols

slide3

Objectives of the Project

Develop an integrated system for supporting

Site level assessment

- Verify that the installations and activities for a given known site

correspond to the declarations provided (Correctness)

- Verify that there are no undeclared activities or installations

at the declared sites (Completeness)

Country level assessment

- Verify the consistency of all declared fuel cycle activities (Correctness)

- Verify that there are no undeclared installations or activities

in hidden sites (Completeness)

slide4

Information for site level assessment

  • Declarations submitted under the model agreement (INFCIRC/153):
  • nuclear materials accountancy data (movements and stocks)
  • design information and other information in facility attachments
  • Information submitted under the Strengthened Safeguards System (INFCIRC/540): e.g.
  • information on R&D activities at the site
  • information on buildings on a nuclear site
  • imports and exports of specific equipment to/from the site
  • Data from inspections and results from environmental sample analysis
  • In-house knowledge of nuclear fuel cycle facilities
  • Open source information: including maps, information on infrastructure, satellite images
slide5

How to handle the data?

How to structure and manage such diverse information?

How to present the information to the user (inspector)?

How to compare declarations with information from open sources?

How to analyse the integrated picture?

How to exploit synergism between data sources?

slide6

“Model” used here to indicate a structured collection of knowledge (qualitative and quantitative) and procedures that supports the solving of a specific problem

  • Multiple dimensions or viewpoints: e.g.
    • topological: location, infrastructures
    • functional: processes, material flows
    • operational: activities, production, outages
  • Each viewpoint is organised in multiple layers: different levels of abstraction, from overview layers to more detailed representations
  • Cross-links between elements in different viewpoints

Process

Topology

Operation

Modeling of complex systems

slide7

Topology oriented view

Breakdown

World map

Country level

Nuclear Site level

Buildings level

Building floors and rooms

slide8

Topology oriented view

Data

World map

Country level

Country level safeguards data

Nuclear Site level

Site description

and lay-out

Buildings level

Building

description and use

Building floors and rooms

slide9

Topology oriented view

Verification

World map

  • Country maps
  • General open source information

Country level

Country level safeguards data

  • Satellite images
  • Regional maps
  • Infrastructure

Nuclear Site level

Site description

and lay-out

  • Satellite images
  • Open source plant description

Buildings level

Building

description and use

Building floors and rooms

slide10

Function oriented view

Breakdown

Nuclear site level

Installation level

Facility level

Process/Unit level

Material Balance

Area (MBA)

Component level

Key measurement

points (KMP)

Containment &

Surveillance measures

slide11

Function oriented view

Data

Nuclear site level

Installation level

Facility level

Status

Purpose

Type...

Physical

Inventory

Taking results

Process/Unit level

Material Balance

Area (MBA)

Design information

Inventory changes

Movements

MBA

report

Component level

Key measurement

points (KMP)

  • Material/item
  • Type & procedure
  • Measurements

Containment &

Surveillance measures

  • Signal sources
  • Alarms
slide12

Function oriented view

Verification

Nuclear site level

Inspection reports

(e.g. PIV)

Installation level

Facility level

Status

Purpose

Type...

Physical

Inventory

Taking results

Process/Unit level

Material Balance

Area (MBA)

Design information

Inventory changes

movements

MBA

report

  • Pictures
  • Inspection reports

Component level

Key measurement

points (KMP)

  • Material/item
  • Type & procedure
  • measurements
  • Inspection reports
  • MUF calculations
  • Variance of MUF

Containment &

Surveillance measures

  • Signal sources
  • Alarms
  • Received signals
  • and alarms
  • Video scenes
slide13

Operation oriented view

Breakdown

Nuclear site level

Site level activity programme

Facility level activity programme

Notification of transfers

slide14

Operation oriented view

Data

Nuclear site level

Site level activity programme

Overall production

Facility level activity programme

Operating/

refueling schedule

Outages

Notification of transfers

Modifications

Construction activities

slide15

Operation oriented view

Verification

Nuclear site level

Country production

Energy needs

Site level activity programme

Overall production

Satellite images

Environmental samples

Facility level activity programme

Operating/

refueling schedule

Outages

Import/export

receipts

Notification of transfers

Modifications

Construction activities

slide17

Platform

  • PC with Windows 98/NT
  • Use of COTS:
          • ESRI Arcview Version 3.2 as main GUI

with ESRI-ERDAS Image Analysis extension

          • Links to tools of MS windows
          • Links to DBMS: e.g. Access, Oracle
          • Links with CAD software
          • Links with internet
slide21

Satellite images

SPIN, KVR-1000. GSD 2m

IRS-1C, PAN sensor , GSD 5.8m

IKONOS, PAN sensor , GSD 1 m

slide24

Next steps

  • Further refinement of models
  • Development of fully operational pilot
  • application on Ispra site
  • Development of analysis procedures
slide25

Potential link with environmental monitoring

  • Use of terrain data (e.g. digital elevation maps), meteorological data (e.g. prevailing wind fields) and dispersion models:
  • to visualise and characterise sampling points
  • to support location of best places for environmental monitoring
  • to trace back from environmental samples to point of release