Forms of Precipitation - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

emily
forms of precipitation l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Forms of Precipitation PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Forms of Precipitation

play fullscreen
1 / 8
Download Presentation
Forms of Precipitation
3371 Views
Download Presentation

Forms of Precipitation

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Forms of Precipitation • Rain • liquid form • often originates as snow • drizzle • smallest diameter of raindrops • Snow • ice crystals • density much less than rain • 1 inch rainfall = 10 inches snow (avg)

  2. Forms of Precipitation, cont. • Sleet • frozen raindrops • rain freezes upon entering a cold, thick surface layer of air • Freezing Rain • ice storm • raindrops freeze upon contact with cold surface

  3. Forms of Precipitation, cont. • Hail • lumps of ice • severe thunderstorms (cumulonimbus)

  4. The Precipitation Process • Will precipitation occur or not? • gravity vs. air currents • droplet size (diameter) • Average water particle is 10 microns • need about a million to be large enough • coalescence • growth of water particles • three types

  5. Ice Crystal Growth • most common form of coalescence • requires water vapor, water droplets (supercooled), and ice crystals • water vapor condenses upon ice crystals • ice crystals intercept water droplets & droplets crystallize • occurs in cold clouds • temperatures below 32 degrees F • resulting precipitation • snow, rain, sleet

  6. Water Droplet Collision • not common, but not unusual either • coalescence through collisions • occurs in warm clouds • temperatures above 32 degrees F • resulting precipitation • rain

  7. Condensation Nuclei • some air particles are hygroscopic • ex. dust, which attracts water droplets or ice crystals • coalescence may proceed • ice crystal growth or water droplet collision • artificial cloud seeding • may induce precipitation • can enhance precipitation • silver iodide or dry ice (frozen carbon dioxide) serve as nuclei

  8. Readings:Text pp. 501-506