FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY. WHAT IS IT?. WHAT DOES A FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGIST DO?. HOW DOES ONE BECOME A FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGIST?. Forensic Anthropology. Defined as “the field of study that deals with the analysis of human skeletal remains resulting from unexplained deaths.”.
WHAT IS IT?
WHAT DOES A FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGIST DO?
HOW DOES ONE BECOME A FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGIST?
Defined as “the field of study that deals with the analysis of human
skeletal remains resulting from unexplained deaths.”
Often done in a legal context
An applied science
Study of humans – holistic view
1. Biological, or physical anthropology
3. Cultural anthropology
5. Applied anthropology
MEDICAL EXAMINER’S OFFICE: FULL-TIME
FEDERAL GOVERNMENT: DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
Goal: Biological Profile
1. General Description
2. Sex of decedent
3. Age of decedent
4. Ancestry of decedent
5. Stature of decedent
(ante-, peri-, post mortem)
6. Assessment of trauma
7. Pathologies noted
Each bone studied INDIVIDUALLY
Human bone –vs- Animal bone
Medail and Lateral epicondyles (patellar side)
This is a microphoto is human bone use to id human remains from other mammals. The round features are secondary osteons photographed using polarizing light.
Human bone thin section
Dinosaur bone thin section
Parts of bone important to know
Teeth also studied
Deciduous –vs- Permanent
SEX of decedent
Have deciduous teeth fallen out?
Have wisdom teeth erupted?
An epiphysis is a region of bone growth found at the ends of bone shafts.
These regions are not fused to the rest of the bone shaft during the ages of grwoth.
Once growth has ceased, they fuse with the shaft. Usually after the age of 17.
Fused = adult
ANCESTRY of decedent
Difficult determination to make
Facial bones most important
Measure long bone(s) available
Plug in value to a formula
Range established for stature of decedent
5’ 2” – 5’ 5”
TRAUMA and PATHOLOGIES
Antemortem – before death
Postmortem – after death
Perimortem – at death or around time of death
Iron age period male with perimortem sword wound to the skull.
Injury occurred at or around the time of death and may have even caused the death
Injuries that occurred during the decedent's lifetime – they appear healed.