Engaging All Children in the Reading Process: Strategies that MotivateWednesday, May 7, 2008, 2:00 to 4:45 pm Dr. Kathryn Bauserman Dr. Kathryn Edmunds Dr. Marilyn Izzard Justin Bauserman, MA (Email addresses on last slide)
Introductions • Poll the Audience: Who are our guests this afternoon? • Small Group Brainstorm: Share one idea that you think motivates your students.
Research Base • Multiple Intelligences: New Horizons in Theory and Practice by Howard Gardner • Multiple Methods (Strategies) IRA Position Statement • Best Practices: Today’s Standards for Teaching America’s Schools by Zemelman, Daniels, & Hyde
8 Multiple Intelligences (Gardner) • Linguistic • Logical-Mathematical • Spatial • Bodily-Kinesthetic • Musical • Interpersonal • Intrapersonal • Naturalistic • (Existential)
IRA Position Statement (2007) • “We believe that there is no single method or single combination of methods that can successfully teach all children to read. As a result, teachers must be familiar with a wide range of instructional methods and have strong knowledge of the children in their classrooms in order to provide the most appropriate instruction for all learners (IRA, 2007).”
Student-centered Experiential Holistic Authentic Expressive Social Collaborative Democratic Cognitive Reflective Develop- mental Constructivist Challenging 13 Best Practices (Zemelman, Daniels, & Hyde)
Motivation and Comprehension By John Guthrie, Reading Today, April/May 2008, p. 38 • Intrinsic Motivation • Perceived Autonomy • Self-efficacy • Collaboration • Mastery Goal Pursuit
Intrinsic Motivation Activities • Progressive Storytelling • Storytelling videotape: Dr. Marilyn Izzard • Story Impressions www.allamericareads.org/lessonplans (see next slide)
Story Impression Leola => Pine Hollow Woods => Honeybears => Mr. Weasel => Inn => Tasty treats => Chair => Bed => Stranger => Miss Blackbird => home
Perceived Autonomy Activities“What Teachers can Learn about Reading Motivation” Edmunds & Bauserman, The Reading Teacher, Vol. 59, No. 5, February 2006. • Self-Discovery Bookmarks • Librarians Unleashed • 3-piece Kits
Self-Discovery Bookmark Name____________________ • Poetry • Expository Books About • Animals • Space/Planets • History • Trees/Plants • Countries • Oceans/Seas • _________________ • _________________ • _________________ • Narrative Books • Picture Books • Chapter Books • Story Books (Animals) • Story Books (People) • Mysteries • Funny Story Books • Fables • Fairy Tales • Historical Fiction • _________________ • _________________ • _________________
Librarians Unleashed • Collect a large basket of books (from SSR or the library return basket) • Have students sort the books based on 5 categories they create. Ex: Books that Make me Laugh • Place the books in baskets with their new labels and let students read and explore by creative topics.
3 Piece Kits • Create literacy kits using examples from a variety of texts on the same content/subject area: • Narrative text (fiction) • Expository text (non-fiction) • Poetry • Kits can be used for small discussion groups, for SSR, or for take home reading
READERS: Assessing motivation to read Gambrell, Linda B; Palmer, Barbara Martin; Codling, Rose Marie; Mazzoni, Susan. The Reading Teacher; Apr 1996; 49, 7; Research Library p. 518 EMERGING or NONREADERS: Garfield Elementary Reading Attitude Survey Shanklin, Nancy, & Rhodes, Lynn K. Windows into Literacy: Assessing all Learners k-8, 1993. Self-efficacy Activities:Surveys to Measure Motivation
Value of Reading Buddies www.funlessonplans.com/reading_lesson_plans/buddies.pdf Independent Reading: DEAR and SSR (model by teacher & choice of reading material) Five Finger Strategy or Thumbs-Up Sample from Clockwork Orange Self-efficacy Activities
Collaboration Activities • Click or Clunk: variation of partner reading • www.readwritethink.org • Genre Gurus: variation of literature circles (Edmunds & Bauserman, Reading Teacher, Feb. 06) • Reader’s Theatre: • Aaron Shepherd’s website: • www.aaronshep.com • Tips on scripting • Tips on reading • Poetry Theatre www.poetryteachers.com/poetrytheater/theater.html
Click or Clunk • Students pair up and take turns reading an assigned text to each other. • After each section of reading, they say “click” if they understand what was read and “clunk” if they don’t. • Any “clunks” need to be discussed and clarified before moving on to a new passage.
Genre Gurus • Students participate in discussion groups based on genre not book, Ex: 5 students have read different fairy tales • How did each book fit into the genre? • How are the books alike? • How are the books different? • What did we learn about fairy tales by reading these books? • Students can create a visual/ poster or presentation to share
Mastery Goal Pursuit • Cubing (for narrative text with expository text variation) 50 Literacy Strategies: Step-by-step, by Gail Tompkins, Prentice Hall 2008 • Story Grammar for narrative text, Ex: The True Story of the Three Little Pigs • Expository text: focus on text structures, Ex: The Statue of Liberty
Mastery Goal Pursuit • KABLOOIE (variation of BANG), Using the 5 pillars of reading: • Phonemic awareness • Phonics • Fluency • Vocabulary • Comprehension www.canteach.ca/elementary/beginning11.html
Concluding Thought: “The greatest gift we can give our students is the love of reading.” K. Bauserman, 2008
Contact Information • Kathryn Bauserman email@example.com • Kathryn Edmunds firstname.lastname@example.org • Marilyn Izzard email@example.com • Justin Bauserman firstname.lastname@example.org