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Comparison of Adolescent Sexuality and Outcomes between the US and the Netherlands Amy Schalet, Ph.D. University of California, San Francisco 2006 National STD Prevention Conference May 10, 2006 Age of First Sex Sources: Graaf et al., 2005; United Nations, 2003 Age of First Marriage

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comparison of adolescent sexuality and outcomes between the us and the netherlands

Comparison of Adolescent Sexuality and Outcomes between the US and the Netherlands

Amy Schalet, Ph.D.

University of California, San Francisco

2006 National STD Prevention Conference

May 10, 2006

age of first sex
Age of First Sex

Sources: Graaf et al., 2005; United Nations, 2003

age of first marriage
Age of First Marriage

Sources:Abma et al., 2004;United Nations, 2003

percentage of women who have sexual intercourse before age 20
Percentage of Women Who Have Sexual Intercourse Before Age 20

Sources: Darroch et al., 2001; Graaf et al., 2005; Mosher et al., 2005

slide5

Public Health

Source: Schalet, 2004

slide8

Subjective Experience

of Adolescent Sexuality

Sources: Abma et al., 2004;Albert, 2004; Graaf et al., 2005

slide9

Household Incomes

Source: Luxembourg Income Study: Key Figures

contraceptive use at first intercourse
Contraceptive Use at First Intercourse

Source: Abma et al., 2004;Graaf et al., 2005

public opinion
United States

65% of respondents say that sex under the age of 18 is never justified

The Netherlands

25% of respondents say that sex under the age of 18 is never justified

Public Opinion

Source: Halman, 1991

data collection
Data Collection
  • Interview Period: 1991-2000
  • Interviewees: White, Secular and Moderately Religious Middle Class
  • Interview Type: Semi-structured In-depth Interviews
    • 72 Interviews with Boys and Girls, Ages 15-17
    • 58 Parent Interviews (Mothers and Fathers)
  • Interview Content: Variety of Topics
  • Interviews: 1-2 hours, Taped, Transcribed, and Analyzed with N5
sources
Sources:
  • Abma, J.C., G.M. Martinez, W.D. Mosher, and B.S. Dawson. "Teenagers in the United States: Sexual Activity, Contraceptive Use, and Childbearing, 2002." National Center for Health Statistics. Vital and Health Statistics 23 (24). Hyattsville, MD: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2004.
  • Advocates for Youth. “Adolescent Sexual Health in Europe and the U.S.-Why the Difference?” 2nd Edition. Washington, DC, 2001.
  • Albert, Bill. "With One Voice: America's Adults and Teens Sound Off About Teen Pregnancy." Washington, DC: National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, 2004.
  • Darroch, Jacqueline E., Susheela Singh, and Jennifer J. Frost. "Differences in Teenage Pregnancy Rates among Five Developed Countries: The Roles of Sexual Activity and Contraceptive Use." Family Planning Perspectives 33, no. 6 (2001): 244-50 & 81.
  • Graaf, Hanneke de, Suzanne Meijer, Jos Poelman, and Ine Vanwesenbeeck. "Seks Onder Je 25ste." Utrecht/Amsterdam: Rutgers Nisso Group/Soa Aids Nederland, 2005.
  • Halman, Lodewijk C.J.M. Waarden in De Westerse Wereld: Een Internationale Exploratie Van De Waarden in De Westerse Samenleving. Tilburg: Tilburg University Press, 1991.
  • Kooy, G.A. Sex in Nederland: Het Meest Recente Onderzoek Naar Houding En Gedrag Van De Nederlandse Bevolking. 1e druk ed. Utrecht: Uitgeverij Het Spectrum, 1983.
  • Luxemburg Income Study Key Figures (http://www.lisproject.org/keyfigures.htm)
  • Mosher, W.D., A. Chandra, and J. Jones. "Sexual Behavior and Selected Health Measures: Men and Women 15-44 Years of Age, United States, 2002." In Advance Data from Vital and Health Statistics; no 362. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics, 2005.
  • Schalet, Amy. "Must We Fear Adolescent Sexuality?" Medscape General Medicine 6, no. 4 (2004).
  • United Nations. Trends in Europe and North America: The Statistical Yearbook of the Economic Commission for Europe. New York, 2003.
slide17
My contact info:

Amy Schalet, PhD

schaleta@obgyn.ucsf.edu