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Community College Baccalaureate : Emerging Trends and Policy Issues. The Community College Baccalaureate Association March 5, 2005 New York, New York Deborah L. Floyd, Michael L. Skolnik and Kenneth P. Walker. Practitioner models-St. Petersburg FL; Westark AK; Great Basin NV

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Community college baccalaureate emerging trends and policy issues
Community CollegeBaccalaureate:Emerging Trends and Policy Issues

The Community College Baccalaureate Association

March 5, 2005

New York, New York

Deborah L. Floyd, Michael L. Skolnik and

Kenneth P. Walker

Community college baccalaureate policies practices research chapter topics

Practitioner models-St. Petersburg FL; Westark AK; Great Basin NV

Ontario, Canada Applied Degrees-research

A Cautionary View


Community College Baccalaureate (policies, practices, research) – chapter topics

  • History, Rationale, and the CCBA

  • US Models and Programs

  • Canadian Models & Workforce Issues

  • University Centers

  • Applied Workforce Baccalaureates

Definitions and terminology
Definitions and Terminology Basin NV

  • What is a “community college baccalaureate”?

  • How has the term been used? (models and programs)

  • Who confers the degree… the defining variable

  • Accreditation and classification issues

Community colleges baccalaureate typology floyd ch 3
Community Colleges – Baccalaureate Basin NV(Typology) (Floyd, Ch 3)

  • Articulation Model – Formal articulation agreements to facilitate transfer, university confers degrees

  • University Center Model- concurrent use campuses, university confers degrees

  • University Extension Model- university branches, university confers degrees

  • Community College Baccalaureate Model- community college confers select baccalaureates

Community college baccalaureate what is it
Community College Baccalaureate –What is it? Basin NV

  • Community college is authorized to confer baccalaureate degrees (governing board, regional accrediting association, etc.)

  • The college maintains a focus on community college values, mission and focus (including conferring associate degrees)

  • …. But, there are many other models and partnerships, net effect of a community college baccalaureate

Articulation models
Articulation Models Basin NV

  • Florida- State guaranteed transfer of associate degrees to state universities.

  • Maryland-Statewide articulated transfer agreements, especially in teacher education disciplines

  • And many others

University center models lorenzo typology chapter 5
University Center Models Basin NV(Lorenzo typology, Chapter 5)

  • Co-location – share physical space

  • Enterprise-Consortium to develop and operate higher ed. Center (UTD & DDCCD/University Center, Greenville South Carolina)

  • Virtual-on line upper division course work (Franklin University – Ohio)- partnership/bridge courses

  • Integrated-Co-location to a higher level. Integrated student affairs, library, etc.(Brevard, FL – Central FL)

  • Sponsorship –cc takes leadership role in determining offerings (Macomb CC- Michigan)

  • Hybrid (only one where the community college confers bachelor’s degrees)

University center examples
University Center Examples Basin NV

  • North Harris Community College District (Houston) – 6 public universities, 21 unduplicated bachelor’s degree programs, 24 masters programs

  • Broward Community College’s shared campus with Florida Atlantic University

  • Yuma Educational Consortium with Northern Arizona University and Arizona Western College

  • … and many more!

University extension models diverse forms of state governance blur distinctions
University Extension Models Basin NV(diverse forms of state governance blur distinctions)

  • University of West Virginia – Parkersburg (formerly Parkersburg CC until 1989)

  • University of Arkansas at Fort Smith – (formerly Westark Community College until 2002)

  • Oklahoma State University – Okmulgee (land grant university campus, highest degree associate, now approved for technical baccalaureate degrees in certain fields)

Community college baccalaureate models recent developments and examples
Community College Baccalaureate Models Basin NV (recent developments and examples)

  • Florida – St. Petersburg College (2001); Miami Dade College and Chipola College (2002); recent legislative activity

  • Nevada- Great Basin College (1999)

  • Texas- Brazosport College, Midland College, South Texas Community College (2003) – workforce baccalaureates

  • Utah-Utah Valley State College (1993); Dixie State College (2000) – 4 year now

Canadian models and programs
Canadian Models and Programs Basin NV

  • Collaborative baccalaureate programs in nursing

  • University colleges in British Columbia

  • Applied baccalaureate programs in Alberta and Ontario

Some recent developments
Some Recent Developments Basin NV

  • New bill in Arizona (“a shot across the bow”)

  • Cherry Commission in Michigan recommends applied degrees

  • Alberta Post-secondary Learning Act

  • Effect on collaboration in B.C.

  • Movement toward national accreditation in Canada?

Issues questions to ponder just a few
Issues & Questions to Ponder Basin NV… just a few

  • Is one model of delivery more effective than another? Outcomes? Measures?

    • Articulation (and Collaborative) Models

    • Certification and post baccalaureate partnership Models, especially teacher ed.

    • University Extension Center Models

    • University Center Models

    • Community College Baccalaureate Models

More issues
….More issues Basin NV

  • Curriculum - What are the curricular areas of focus? Workforce and applied? Are these programs meeting unmet needs in the workforce?

  • Reasons and motivation - Why are community colleges moving in this direction? Access & Economics

New roles for faculty questions
New roles for faculty- Basin NVquestions

  • What are faculty roles and expectations with each of these models and approaches?

  • What effects do these approaches have on faculty morale, loads, job satisfactions?

  • Will faculty teaching in baccalaureate programs retain their community college focus?... Change focus?

Fiscal ramifications questions
Fiscal Ramifications - Basin NVquestions

  • What are the real costs of community college baccalaureate programs?

  • How do these costs compare with university programs?

  • Is one model more cost effective than the other?

  • Should community college faculty teaching upper division courses be paid more money?

Looking to the future
Looking to the future… Basin NV

  • What happens to community college students who graduate from a program? Success? Retention in profession? Postgraduate Study? Variations by model?

  • Who will assume the research agenda for this movement so decision makers have good information for policy making?

  • Will these changes in community colleges alter the fabric of these colleges as we know them? If so, in what ways?

Where do we go from here
Where do we go from here? Basin NV

Thoughts, questions, sharing…

Contact information
Contact information: Basin NV

Dr. Deborah L. Floyd

Associate Professor, Higher Education

Florida Atlantic University

777 Glades Road

Boca Raton, FL 33431

954-564-0344 - phone


Contact information1
Contact information: Basin NV

Professor Michael L. Skolnik

William G. Davis Chair in Community College Leadership

University of Toronto

252 Bloor Street West

Toronto, ON M4S 1E1

416-923-6641, Ext. 2308