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Citing Journal Articles. 12 Basic Skills for IQ. The Four Pillars of IQ. F ind R etrieve A nalyze Use. Correctly citing information resources belongs to the Use portion of “FRAU,” using information ethically and legally. Why Bibliographic Style Matters.

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citing journal articles

Citing Journal Articles

12 Basic Skills for IQ

the four pillars of iq
The Four Pillars of IQ
  • Find
  • Retrieve
  • Analyze
  • Use

Correctly citing information resourcesbelongs to the Use portion of “FRAU,”using information ethically and legally.

why bibliographic style matters
Why Bibliographic Style Matters
  • Accomplishes the goal of using information ethically
  • Ensures that important information (dates, page numbers, etc.) will be included in the paper
  • Allows better focus on the paper’s content and easier navigation through the paper
about turabian style
About Turabian Style
  • Use the Notes-Bibliography Style (chapters 16-17 of Turabian)
  • Helpful templates for notes and bibliography entries for books and journal articles are included in section 16.1
  • Details for correctly citing journal articles are in section 17.2
bibliographic software
Bibliographic Software
  • Examples include RefWorks, EndNotes and Zotero
  • Use your stylebook to clean up any discrepancies between the software-generated bibliographic information and Turabian style
  • Microsoft Word will easily add footnotes using the Insert → Reference → Footnote menu items
about footnotes bibliographies
About Footnotes & Bibliographies
  • Footnotes tell readers where to find the information you provided in a specific place in your paper; one resource may have several footnotes
  • Bibliographies are a summary of all of the resources used in writing the paper; include only one entry per resource
  • Both use the same data elements – just formatted differently
what you will need
What You Will Need
  • Author’s name
  • Article title (always enclosed in “”)
  • Journal title (always italicize)
  • Issue information (vol. no., issue no.)
  • Date of publication (as published by the journal – date or month or season & year)
  • Page numbers (& URL if accessed online)
formatting details
Formatting Details
  • Line indention
  • Order of author’s name(s) (standard order or last name first)
  • How many authors to list
  • Punctuation used to separate data
  • Spacing of entries
  • Ending punctuation (always a period)
footnotes elements
Footnotes’ Elements

Note number. FirstnameLastname, “Title of Article: Subtitle of Article,” Journal name volume, no. (date): page(s), URL where article may be retrieved (accessed [date of access]).

Type a space between the period and the author’s first name.

Place commas after author name(s), article title, pagination & between volume & issue number.

First reference only; use shorter version for subsequent references.

Include URLs for online resources.

Place the article title & its comma inside quotation marks.

footnotes elements continued
Footnotes’ Elements (Continued)

Note number. Lastname, “Title,” page(s).

Insert one blank line between notes.

Note number. Ibid., page(s).

Styles for subsequent references.

Use Ibid. when the reference is the

Same as the one just preceding it.

bibliographic elements
Bibliographic Elements

Put periods after author name(s), article title, page numbers.

Lastname, Firstname. “Title of article.” Journal name volume, no. (date): pages. URL where article may be retrieved (accessed [date]).

Italicize the journal name.

If the article was found online, type in the item’s URL and retrieval date.

Put the article title AND the period inside quotation marks.


Badke, William B. Research Strategies: Finding Your Way Through the Information Fog. 3d ed. New York: iUniverse, 2008.

Turabian, Kate L. A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers. 7th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.