CHRISTIAN MARRIAGE. BACKGROUNDS AND PERSPECTIVES IN VARIED SETTINGS. . Material adapted in part from: John, R. Witte, Jr. From Sacrament to Contract: Marriage, Religion, and Law in the Western Tradition. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 1997. THE MARRIAGE DECISION.
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Material adapted in part from:
John, R. Witte, Jr.
From Sacrament to Contract: Marriage, Religion, and Law in the Western Tradition.
Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 1997
GOOD DECISIONS REQUIRE
BOTH INFORMATION AND FORMATION
WHAT AND HOW MUCH DO YOU KNOW?
WHO IS YOUR GURU?
WHAT ARE THE CRITERIA?
“A.M.D.G” ---Ignatius of Loyola
(“For the greater glory of God.”)
“Few people realize how much you have to know in order to realize how little you know.”
--Fr. Walter Ong, S.J.
Lutheran Social Estate
“ It might be instructive to note that family crises on a comparable scale to those we face today have been faced before….Sexual pathos was prominent at the opening of the second millennium with widespread concubinage, prostitution, voyeurism, polygamy, adultery, fornication, sodomy, wife and child abuse, teenage pregnancy, abortion…[and it]…has returned with equal pungency at the close of this second millennium.” John Witte.
EASTERN (GREEK) APPROACH:
MYSTERION: a revelatory event of encounter and meaning that draws one deeper into communion with God and humans.
(Cf. Paul Eph 5; “Divine Mysteries”)
WESTERN (LATIN) APPROACH:
SACRAMENTUM: an “outward” (sensible) sign of an oath or pledge one has taken that signifies one’s duty or commitment.
(NB: military brand; Tertullian)
THE CITY OF GOD
(AD 410, the same year Rome was sacked by the Visigoths)
(The spiritual world.)
2. CONTRACTUAL UNIT
(Took hold in Germany, Scandinavia)
a covenantal association within the community
Huguenot, Pietist, Puritan, Presbyterian
Great Britain and U.S.
MARRIAGE IS ESTABLISHED BY GOD AS A
“LITTLE COMMONWEALTH” THAT MODELS
THE “GREAT COMMONWEALTH”—
Husband Parent Church King(State)
Wife Child Household Church
PROPOSED IN 18TH CENTURY
ELABORATED IN THE 19TH CENTURY
IMPLEMENTED IN 20TH CENTURY
(ESPECIALLY IN US, ENGLAND)
a voluntary, essentially private, bargain struck between two parties who want an intimate association
(NB: John Locke-”Social Contract”)
“WHAT’S IN YOUR WALLET” (HEAD)
WHEN YOU THINK OR TALK ABOUT MARRIAGE?
WHEN YOU HEAR PEOPLE USE THE WORD “MARRIAGE”, WHAT ARE THEY TALKING ABOUT?