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Capacity Building in Quality Assurance and Accreditation in Higher Education in the Asia Pacific Region M. K. Tadjudin Chair National Accreditation Board for Higher Education, Indonesia Presentation outline Quality assurance in higher education

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slide1

Capacity Building in Quality Assurance and Accreditation in Higher Education in the Asia Pacific Region

M. K. Tadjudin

Chair

National Accreditation Board for Higher Education, Indonesia

presentation outline
Presentation outline
  • Quality assurance in higher education
  • Approaches to quality assurance in higher education
  • Capacity building steps to quality assurance in higher education
  • Case study Indonesia
drivers of quality in he
Drivers of quality in HE
  • Funding: Competing for diminishing funds
  • Stakeholders’ demands
  • Market forces
approaches to quality 1
Approaches to quality (1)
  • The different educational systems and the different stages of maturity of the institutions and systems mean there different approaches to QA
  • Some systems use more than one approach
approaches to quality 2
Approaches to quality (2)
  • AUDIT: A check on an organization’s explicit or implicit claims about itself --> Are your processes effective ?
  • ASSESSMENT: An evaluation that results in a grade --> How good are your outputs ?
  • ACCREDITATION: Evaluation whether an institution qualifies for a certain status --> Are you fit to be approved ?
slide9

Approaches to quality (3)

Accreditation

Audit

Assessment

approaches to quality 4
Approaches to quality (4)
  • All these processes can be carried out internally by the institution themselves or by an external body
  • Self-assessment and self-accreditation would normally not be seen as credible
  • However an institution could self-assess or self-accredit, so that the external process becomes a validation (or rebuttal) audit of the institution’s own conclusions
capacity building steps
Capacity building steps
  • Which approach ?
  • Which methodology ?
determinants
Determinants
  • Educational system
  • Maturity of the HE system
maturity of indonesian he system
Maturity of Indonesian HE system
  • Immature system
  • Wide variety in stage of development of institutions and programs
  • Wide variety of quality within programs in different institutions
  • Wide variety quality between programs within institutions
approach and methodology
Approach and methodology ?
  • Establishment of the National Accreditation Board for Higher Education
  • Program accreditation
  • Ranking of results
problems constraints
Problems & constraints
  • Huge number of programs
  • Limited number of experts
  • Limited number of reviewers
  • Limited funding
slide18

TYPE OF

INSTIT-UTIONS

LEVEL OF ACCREDITATION

ACCRE-DITED D-3 STUDY PROGRAMS

NUMBER OF

D-3 STUDY PROGRAMS

ACCREDITED D-3 FROM TOTAL D-3 STUDY PROGRAMS

A

B

C

D

State

Univer-sities

12

10.6%

58

51.4 %

39

34.5 %

4

3.5 %

113

16.2 %

464

17.0 %

24.4 %

Private

Univer-sities

43

8.9 %

209

43.5 %

218

45.3 %

11

2.3 %

481

89.4 %

2013

73.9 %

23.9 %

Institute for

Religious Studies

0

0 %

0

0 %

0

0 %

0

0 %

0

0 %

44

1.6 %

0 %

Service

Institutes

0

0 %

7

50.0 %

7

50.0 %

0

0 %

14

2.6 %

204

7.5 %

6.9 %

TOTAL

55

9.0 %

274

45.1 %

264

43.4 %

15

2.5%

608

2725

22.3 %

Accreditation results of Diploma (D-3) programs (25 Aug 2004)

slide19

TYPE OF

INSTIT-UTIONS

LEVEL OF ACCREDITATION

ACCRE-DITED S-1 STUDY PROGRAMS

NUMBER OF

S-1 STUDY PROGRAMS

ACCREDITED S-1 FROM TOTAL S-1 STUDY PROGRAMS

A

B

C

D

State

Univer-sities

307

23.0 %

697

52.1 %

317

23.7 %

16

1.2 %

1337

25.7 %

1805

25.2 %

74.1 %

Private

Univer-sities

266 8.0 %

1537

46.3 %

1364

41.1 %

152

4.6 %

3319

63.3 %

4246

61.6 %

78.2 %

Institute for

Religious Studies

46

9.3%

250

50..6 %

157

31.8 %

41

8.3 %

494

8.4 %

807

12.7 %

61.2 %

Service

Institutes

3

8.3 %

14

55.6 %

10

33.3 %

0

2.8 %

27

0.6 %

37

0.6 %

73.3 %

TOTAL

622

12.0 %

2498

48.3 %

1848

35.7 %

209

4.0 %

5177

6895

75.1 %

Accreditation results of S-1 programs (25 Aug 2004)

slide20

TYPE OF

INSTITU-TIONS

LEVEL OF ACCREDITATION

ACCRE-DITED S-2 PROGRAMS

ACCREDITED S-2 FROM TOTAL S-2 STUDY PROGRAMS

U

B

T

State

Univer-sities

223

77 %

67

23 %

0

0 %

290

75 %

378

69 %

77 %

Private

Univer-sities

48

55.3 %

41

43.5 %

1

1.2 %

90

23 %

136

25 %

66 %

NUMBER

S-2 STUDY PROGRAMS

Institute for

Religious Studies

9

100 %

0

0

9

2 %

37

7%

24 %

Service

Institutes

0

0

0

0

0

0

TOTAL

272

72.3 %

103

27.4%

1

0.3%

389

551

71 %

Table 3:

S-2 2001 - 2002

slide21

TYPE OF

INSTIT-UTIONS

LEVEL OF ACCREDITATION

ACCRE-DITED S-2 STUDY PROGRAMS

NUMBER OF

S-2 STUDY PROGRAMS

ACCREDITED S-2 FROM TOTAL S-2 STUDY PROGRAMS

A

B

C

D

State

Universities

15

27.8 %

26

48.1 %

13

24.1 %

0

0 %

54

57.4 %

378

69 %

14.3 %

Private

Univer-sities

3

7.5 %

14

35.0 %

18

45.0 %

5

12.5 %

40

445.1 %

136

25 %

29.4 %

Institute for

Religious Studies

0

0 %

0

0 %

0

0 %

0

0 %

0

0 %

37

7 %

0 %

Service

Institutes

0

0 %

0

0 %

0

0 %

0

0 %

0

0 %

0

0 %

TOTAL

18

19.1 %

40

42.6 %

31

33.0%

5

5.3 %

94

551

17.1 %

Accreditation results of S-2 programs (Jan 2003 - Aug 2004).