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Absolutism. And Religious Wars. France. Problems (from about 1600) Religious Economic Weak kings (Louis XIII) Cardinal Richelieu De facto ruler Manipulated foreign affairs Suppressed the Huguenots Established central taxation Three Musketeers.

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Absolutism l.jpg

Absolutism

And Religious Wars


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France

  • Problems (from about 1600)

    • Religious

    • Economic

    • Weak kings (Louis XIII)

  • Cardinal Richelieu

    • De facto ruler

    • Manipulated foreign affairs

    • Suppressed the Huguenots

    • Established central taxation

    • Three Musketeers


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“What is done for the state is done for God, who is the basis and foundation of it......Where the interests of the state are concerned, God absolves actions which, if privately committed, would be a crime.”

— Cardinal Richelieu


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"If you give me six lines written basis and foundation of it......Where the interests of the state are concerned, God absolves actions which, if privately committed, would be a crime.”by the most honest man, I will findsomething in them to hang him." —Cardinal Richelieu


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France basis and foundation of it......Where the interests of the state are concerned, God absolves actions which, if privately committed, would be a crime.”

  • Louis XIV

    • Boy king

    • Assumed total authority when Cardinal Mazarin, successor to Richelieu, died

    • Influenced by his mistresses

    • Wars, destablization


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France basis and foundation of it......Where the interests of the state are concerned, God absolves actions which, if privately committed, would be a crime.”

  • Louis XIV

    • Golden Age

      • The Sun King

      • L'état c'est moi

      • Versailles

      • French culture = prestige

    • Mercantilism

    • Repeal of the Edict of Nantes


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Germany basis and foundation of it......Where the interests of the state are concerned, God absolves actions which, if privately committed, would be a crime.”

Population losses in Germany

as a result of the Thirty Years War

  • Divided by the Reformation

  • The Thirty Years War


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Austria basis and foundation of it......Where the interests of the state are concerned, God absolves actions which, if privately committed, would be a crime.”

  • Ruled by Hapsburgs

    • Resignation of Charles V

    • Separation into Spanish and Austrian branches

  • Hapsburgs married other royal families

    • Grew the Holy Roman Empire


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Spain basis and foundation of it......Where the interests of the state are concerned, God absolves actions which, if privately committed, would be a crime.”

  • Decline

    • Spanish armada defeat

    • Economic difficulties

  • Effects of Thirty Years War

  • War of Spanish Succession

    • Alliance with France but both possessions

      • Hudson Bay basin

      • Portugal, Naples & Sicily, Netherlands


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Russia basis and foundation of it......Where the interests of the state are concerned, God absolves actions which, if privately committed, would be a crime.”

  • Romanoff family united people

  • Descendants of Roman Empire

    • Ivan I married daughter of last Byzantine emperor

    • Caesar = Tsar

  • Ivan IV (the terrible)

  • Peter the Great


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Lands added by Peter the Great basis and foundation of it......Where the interests of the state are concerned, God absolves actions which, if privately committed, would be a crime.”


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Periods from 1500 to the present: basis and foundation of it......Where the interests of the state are concerned, God absolves actions which, if privately committed, would be a crime.”

  • 1500-1660 – dominated by the issue of what to believe in religion [the 1st estate];

  • 1661-1789 – dominated by the issue of the mode of government [the 2nd estate];

  • 1790-present – dominated by the issue of social and economic equality [the 3rd estate].

    – from Barzun, Jacques, From Dawn to Decadence, Perennial, 2000, p.xxi.


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Thank You basis and foundation of it......Where the interests of the state are concerned, God absolves actions which, if privately committed, would be a crime.”


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Witch Hunts basis and foundation of it......Where the interests of the state are concerned, God absolves actions which, if privately committed, would be a crime.”

  • Viewed as evils of Catholicism

  • Killed throughout central Europe

  • Spilled into American colonies


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