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A Practical Approach to Establishing and Maintaining A Values-Based Conflicts of Interest Compliance System PowerPoint Presentation
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A Practical Approach to Establishing and Maintaining A Values-Based Conflicts of Interest Compliance System. The Tail Wagging the Dog. HONEST OFFICIALS. Corrupt Officials. Effect of a Conflicts of Interest System.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

A Practical Approach to

Establishing and Maintaining

A Values-Based Conflicts of Interest

Compliance System

slide2

The Tail Wagging the Dog

HONEST OFFICIALS

Corrupt Officials

slide3

Effect of a Conflicts of Interest System

Despite instances of corruption and conflicts of interest (which we will always have),

an effective conflicts of interest system

can help convince the public and public officials

that their government is inherently honest.

slide4

“Conflict of Interest” =

  • Divided loyalty
          • A conflict, usually (though not always)
          • a financial conflict,
          • between one’s private interests
          • and public duty
slide5

Purpose of a conflicts of interest system

To promote

both the reality and the perception

of integrity in government

by preventing conflicts of interest before they occur

slide6

Fundamental Principles

A conflicts of interest system

  • Promotes both the reality and the perception of integrity in government
  • Focuses on prevention, not punishment
  • Is not intended to catch crooks but instead recognizes the
    • inherent honesty of public officials
  • Does not regulate morality (in most countries)
  • Does not focus on efficiency but saves the government money
  • Requires that the public have a stake in the system
  • Must be tailored to the particular nation, society, and culture
  • Must undergird the essential values of the nation
slide7

Rules Values

Rule

“A public official shall not accept a gift from any person or firm doing business with the government.”

Value

“Public officials shall place the interest of the public before themselves.”

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slide15

Conflicts of Interest Code:

Possible Provisions

  • Using one’s government office for private gain
  • Using government resources for private purposes
  • Soliciting gifts or accepting gifts from persons doing business with the government
  • Seeking or accepting private compensation for doing one’s government job (gratuities)
  • Soliciting political contributions or political activity from subordinates or from those with whom one deals as part of one’s government job (except as expressly permitted by law)
  • Disclosing confidential government information or using that information for a private purpose
slide16

Appearing before government agencies on behalf of private interests or representing private interests in government matters

  • Seeking a job from a private person or firm with which one is dealing in one’s government job
  • After leaving government service,
    • Appearing on behalf of a private employer before one’s former government agency or
    • Working on a matter on behalf of a private employer that one worked on while in government service
  • Inducing other government officials to violate the conflicts of interest code
slide17

Annual Disclosure (Asset Declaration)

Prevents Conflicts of Interest By

  • Focusing the attention of officials at least once each year on where their potential conflicts of interest lie
  • Letting everyone know what the official's private interests are
  • Providing a “check” on transactional disclosure by revealing if the filer is making required transactional disclosures and recusals
slide18

Touchstones of an Independent Board

  • Qualified and independent board members
  • Budget protection - a guaranteed budget
  • A staff accountable only to the board
  • The unique power to authoritatively interpret the conflicts of interest code, subject to review only by the courts
slide19

Training Principles and Methods

  • Mandatory training for all public officials
  • “Train the trainers” in each department
  • Videotape/DVD
  • Interactive web-based computer training program
  • Live training classes for those at risk
  • Training for government vendors and contractors
  • Tailored to particular agency and type of official
  • Fun (or at least interesting)
  • Popular culture – cartoons, picture novels, anime
  • Poster in every worksite
  • Leaflets on specific topics
  • Bookmark with paychecks
  • Short radio or television commercials
  • Create not experts but public servants who are sensitive to conflicts of interest issues
slide20

Purposes of Enforcement

  • To educate officials about the requirements of the conflicts of interest code
  • To show officials and the public that the government is serious about the conflicts of interest law
  • To punish conflicts of interest and discourage other officials from committing them (deterrence)
slide21

Conclusion

A values-based conflicts of interest compliance system

grounded upon a code of ethics and

based upon the three pillars of

a comprehensive conflicts of interest code,

sensible disclosure, and

effective administration

promotes both the reality and the perception

of integrity in government by

preventing conflicts of interest before they occur,

guiding our honest public servants,

reassuring our citizens, and

reinforcing the core values upon which

the government is founded.