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Class #2 The Nature of Teaching Science

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  1. Chapter 7: The Nature of Science Chapter 3: Planning to Teach Science Class #2The Nature of Teaching Science

  2. Turn-in Chapter Review Questions • Discussion: • Differentiated Instruction (later tonight) • Unit Plan Summary (later tonight) • Science Teaching Inventory (p 11) • Share answers and thoughts with class. Last Week

  3. Warm-up Question: • What is the common perception of science today? • What do we already know about science? • Science Disciplines? • Scientific Method? • Questioning Nature & Phenomena? • Trail & Error? • Accurate Conclusions v. Hypothetical Evaluations • Making the ABSTRACT become CONCRETE The Nature of Science Chapter 7

  4. What is Science? • Science is … • To discover nature • Using scientific methods • Process of finding out • Study of universe • Organizing facts into theories • Method of discovery • Body of organized knowledge • Problem solving • Search for truth • Skills necessary … • Critical thinking skills • Problem-solving skills • Cognitive abilities • Intuition • Curiosity • ‘Gut’ Feelings • Thoughts/Emotions • Past Experiences • Common Sense Chapter 7

  5. Normal Science • Chemical Reactions, Cell structure, quantum mechanics, planetary movements, plate tectonics • Nonscience(as quoted from text) • Creationism, Remote Viewing, Astrology, Alien Abduction, UFOs, Freudian psychoanalytic theory, and recovered memories • Borderlands Science • Superstring theory, Inflationary cosmology, theories of consciousnesss, search for extraterrestrial intelligence, chiropractics • Can all of this be useful in class discussions? • Can WE build from public misconceptions & misperceptions about society and nature and life? What is – What is not - Science Chapter 7

  6. Scientific Inquiry Investigating • Beliefs • Curiosity • Imagination • Reasoning • Cause-&-Effect Relationships • Self-Examination & Skepticism • Objectivity & Open-Mindedness • Observing • Collecting Data • Developing a Hypothesis • Experimenting • Concluding Experimentation Strategy Reason Intuition Chance Observations Hypothesis Serendipity Overcoming Difficulties Science as a Way of Thinking“The whole of science is nothing more than a refinement of everyday thinking.” Einstein Chapter 7

  7. Content & Society -> Relevancy & Relationships Questioning Prior Knowledge Questioning Misconceptions Experimentation (Hands-on Learning) Anything else??? Overall Purpose in the Classroom Chapter 7

  8. Who is your target Audience? (p.31) • What are you teaching? (Unit & Daily Topic) • What is/are the objective(s)? • What is/are the lesson outcome(s)? • What is the overall function/purpose? • ‘Why do I need to know this?’ • ‘When will I ever use this?’ Planning to Teach Science:Pre-Planning Chapter 3

  9. Bloom’s Taxonomy Printout Differentiated Instruction Information Fig 3.1, p. 33 – Teaching Comparison Fig 3.2, p. 34 – Student Engagement Overview Fig 3.3, p. 37 – Elements of a Science Course Fig 3.7, p. 44 – Week Overview Example Construction of our Resource Guide Chapter 3

  10. The Science Learning Environment • Creating a positive learning environment • Guiding student learning • Addressing student misbehavior • Learning Activities • Auditory, Visual, Kinesthetic • Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences • Learning Outcomes • Questions that ask for depth of understanding (explanations, practical applications, relationships) • NO yes/no questions, NO either/or questions … How are you going to teach ____ Chapter 3

  11. Examples • Fig 3.6, p.43 • My personal Lesson Plans – Thermochemistry http://scienceforallages.wikispaces.com/Science+Methods+3011 • Discuss Unit Summary Writings • What is your focus & style? • Content over Practical Knowledge • Sit & Listen over Active Learning • Paper/Pencil Tests over Performance-Based Assessments Lesson Planning Part 1Seeing the overall picture Lesson Planning

  12. Things to keep in mind when planning … Key Points of a Lesson Plan • Teacher-Centered? • Student-Centered? • Activities? • Active Learning • Hands-on • Demonstrations • Experimentations • Connections • FLOW FLOWFLOW • Topic/Concepts Covering • Objectives & Standards • Materials & Resources • Lesson Outline (w/ timing) • Anticipatory Activity • Information Session • Activity • Lesson Evaluation • Teacher Role • Student Role • Informal & Formal Checks for Understanding (Assessments) • Closure / Homework • ‘Ticket-out-the-door’ • Lesson Reflection Writing a Lesson PlanDay 1 – Version 1 Lesson Planning

  13. Text Questions • Chapter 7: # 3, 4 (p. 116) • Chapter 3: # 1, 5, 6 (p. 45) • Write your Day 1 Lesson Plan • Focus: Introductory activity, overview of unit, assessing prior knowledge, what new knowledge will you be teaching, new concepts, hands-on activities • Structure for 90 minute class, 28 students, full lab, full resources • Be prepared to PERFORM your Anticipatory Activity (brief 5-10 minute warm-up activity) for the class next week. For Next Week - Tuesday 29th