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Bible Guide. Basic information about an important book. Bible Guide. In the standard Christian Bible there are 66 individual books. They display a tested unity. The authors of the Bible claim to speak God’s message to humankind. Bible Guide.

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bible guide

Bible Guide

Basic information about an important book

bible guide1

Bible Guide

In the standard Christian Bible there are 66 individual books.

They display a tested unity.

The authors of the Bible claim to speak God’s message to humankind.

bible guide2

Bible Guide

The Bible discusses a material and an immaterial universe.

It describes God and being from eternity past to eternity future.

The central purpose of the Bible is to connect people with God through Christ in a life-giving way.


A testament

A testament is a promise, covenant, or arrangement.

A will is a testament.

Privileges and possessions are passed on at death by a last will and testament.


Notice the reference to an old and a new covenant in the following New Testament verse.

…the ministry Jesus has received is as superior to theirs as the covenant of which he is mediator is superior to the old one, since the new covenant is established on better promises (Heb. 8:6, NIV).


The Old Testament

  • Also called the Hebrew Scriptures
  • written primarily in Hebrew
  • 39 individual books in the Christian version (Merrill, 1991).

Arrangement of the Christian Old Testament:

  • Pentateuch-first 5 Books of the Old Testament
  • History
  • Psalms and Poetry
  • Wisdom Literature
  • Major Prophets
  • Minor Prophets

One of a number of Hebrew arrangements:

  • The Law, The Prophets, and the Writings

The New Testament

  • Written largely in Greek (the commercial language of the times) but with some Aramaic phrases
  • 27 individual books (Thiessen, 1943).
  • Ancient texts available

P52- The Oldest New Testament Fragment contains parts of John 18:31-33, 37-38

(Katapi, n.d.)

  • Found in a small town in Egypt

Recto:"It is not lawful for us to put any man to death." 32 This was to fulfill the word which Jesus had spoken to show by what death he was to die. 33 Pilate entered the praetorium again and called Jesus, and said to him, "Are you the King of the Jews“ (Crandall University, n.d.)?

P52- Translation

from John 18:37-38 written prior to 150 CE (Thiessen, 1943)

  • Fragments are in red.

Verso: Pilate said to him, "So you are a king?" Jesus answered, "You say that I am a king. For this I was born, and for this I have come into the world, to bear witness to the truth. Every one who is of the truth hears my voice." 38 Pilate said to him, "What is truth?" After he had said this, he went out to the Jews again, and told them, "I find no crime in him” (Crandall University, n.d.).

P52- Translation

from John 18:37-38 written prior to 150 CE (Thiessen, 1943)


Content of the New Testament:

  • The gospels – The person and work of Jesus on earth
  • History- The book of Acts (the history of the early church)
  • The Epistles (letters to churches and to individuals)
    • Pauline Epistles
    • General Epistles
  • Prophecy- Revelations
    • Expectations and encouragement for the church
    • End times events
    • Eternity future begins

Navigating in the Bible:

  • The Concordance- Cross references words used in versions to the verses where they are found
  • Verse references
    • Were added to make finding information easier
    • Have book, chapter, and verse components

1 Corinthians 15:3-7

    • Have abbreviations- 1 Corinthians = 1 Cor.






Archer, G. (1974). A survey of the Old Testament introduction. U.S.A.: Moody Bible Institute

Crandall University. (n.d.) Retrieved from

Katapi. (n.d.). Papyrus fragment //ww/

Merrill, E. (1991). An historical survey of the Old Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House

Thiessen, H. (1943). Introduction to the New Testament. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans