Moscow Battle of Nations Elba Louis XVII Battle of Waterloo Grand Alliance St. Helena. Key Terms – Napoleonic Era. Napoleon Napoleonic Code of Laws Concordat of 1801 The Continental System Trade Embargo Guerilla Warfare Alexander I. Napoleon, Emperor of France (1769-1821).
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- Alexander I → czar of Russia during the Napoleonic Era
- Alexander would begin to instruct his merchants and officials to smuggle goods from Britain.
- This act was in clear violation of the Continental System and led Napoleon to make the decision to invade Russia.
- Napoleon would lead 400,000 troops into Russia with plans to occupy and control Moscow.
- Alexander I would follow a scorched earth policy and burn his own crops along the way to Moscow.
- Napoleon would arrive to an empty and evacuated Moscow.
- With no supplies, Napoleon was forced to retreat.
- During Napoleon's retreat, he was attacked by the Russian troops who were following him and was forced into Leipzig, Germany.
- A coalition of armies awaited him in the town square and after much fighting, he would surrender and be forced into exile to the island of Elba.
- Napoleon would be freed by the French from the island of Elba.
- In the meantime, Louis XVII was placed in power during his absence.
- Napoleon would depose Louis XVII and ready his troops for another war with his rival nations.
- Napoleon would engage the Grand Alliance in the Battle of Waterloo.
- Napoleon would earn early victories but would halt his advance due to rain.
- His halt allowed the other nations to recover and defeat him.
- He would be exiled again to the island of St. Helena.