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Incorporating Habits of Mind in the Elementary Classroom Based on the Work of Arthur L. Costa, Ed.D . and Bena Kallick , Ph.D. Kristen Fraley Virginia Beach City Public Schools. What Are Habits Of Mind?.

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Incorporating Habits of Mind in the Elementary ClassroomBased on the Work ofArthur L. Costa, Ed.D.and BenaKallick, Ph.D.

Kristen Fraley

Virginia Beach City Public Schools

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

what are habits of mind

What Are Habits Of Mind?

A “Habit of Mind” means having a disposition toward behaving intelligently when confronted with problems, the answers to which are not immediately known.

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

habits of mind patterns of intellectual behavior
Habits of Mind = Patterns of Intellectual Behavior
  • When faced with dilemmas, our most effective actions require drawing forth patterns of intellectual behavior.
  • When we draw upon these intellectual resources, the results produced are powerful, of higher quality and of greater significance than if we fail to employ those patterns.

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

why are the habits of mind important to us as educators
Why Are the Habits of Mind Important to us as Educators?
  • We are interested not only in how many answers students know, but also in knowing how they behave when they DON’T know.
  • We are interested in how students produce knowledge rather than how they merely reproduce knowledge (i.e., not only having information, but knowing how to act on it).
  • We can observe students reasoning, insightfulness, perseverance, creativity, and craftsmanship.

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

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“When we no longer know what to do we have come to our real work and when we no longer know which way to go we have begun our real journey. The mind that is not baffled is not employed. The impeded stream is the one that sings.”

Wendell Berry

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

the habits of mind attend to
The Habits Of Mind Attend To…

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

the 16 habits of mind
The 16 Habits of Mind

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

the 16 habits of mind1
The 16 Habits of Mind

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

the 16 habits of mind2
The 16 Habits of Mind

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

the 16 habits of mind3
The 16 Habits of Mind

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

the 16 habits of mind4
The 16 Habits of Mind

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

the 16 habits of mind5
The 16 Habits of Mind

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

the 16 habits of mind6
The 16 Habits of Mind

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

the 16 habits of mind7
The 16 Habits of Mind

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

the 16 habits of mind8
The 16 Habits of Mind

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

the 16 habits of mind9
The 16 Habits of Mind

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

the 16 habits of mind10
The 16 Habits of Mind

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

the 16 habits of mind11
The 16 Habits of Mind

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

the 16 habits of mind12
The 16 Habits of Mind

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

the 16 habits of mind13
The 16 Habits of Mind

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

the 16 habits of mind14
The 16 Habits of Mind

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

the 16 habits of mind15
The 16 Habits of Mind

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

creating a math classroom where students develop habits of mind
Problems should allow students to:

have a plan or strategy before they begin the work.

communicate their ideas to others.

be aware of and can explain their thought process.

push themselves to try things they are not sure they can do.

think, then ask on a task

be given feedback and can change an approach to a problem.

be open to multiple strategies to solve a problem.

see the importance of accuracy and detail.

work hard even when answers are difficult to find.

Create, trust, and use standards for evaluating their own work.

Creating a Math Classroom Where Students Develop Habits of Mind

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

what are some things that are inhibiting habits of mind in the math classroom
What are some things that are inhibiting habits of mind in the math classroom?
  • “hands on, minds off”
  • skill and drill, topic to

topic

  • tricks and quick unconnected explanations
  • memorization of formulas without uncoverage

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

taking a reflective stance in the midst of active problem solving
Taking a Reflective Stance in the Midst of Active Problem Solving
  • How can I learn from this?
  • What are my resources?
  • How can I draw on my past successes with problems like this?
  • What do I already know about the problem?
  • What resources do I have available or need to generate?
  • How can I approach this problem flexibly?
  • How might I look at the situation in another way?
  • How can I draw on my repertoire of problem solving strategies?

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

taking a reflective stance in the midst of active problem solving1
Taking a Reflective Stance in the Midst of Active Problem Solving
  • How can I look at this problem from a fresh perspective?
  • How can I make this problem clearer, more precise?
  • How might I break this problem down into its parts and develop a strategy for understanding and accomplishing each step?
  • What do I know or not know?
  • What questions do I need to ask?
  • What strategies are in my mind now?
  • What feelings or emotions am I aware of which might be blocking my progress?

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

math forum problems of the week
Math Forum Problems of The Week
  • Math Forum problems can be used for all middle school math curriculums.
  • There is an archive of problems to match what you are currently teaching.
  • The current problems are able to be submitted and evaluated by math education professionals.
  • A rubric is provided to give students scoring and evaluation guidelines.

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

math forum problems of the week1
Math Forum Problems of The Week
  • A rubric is provided to give students guidelines for solution format.
  • Past problems with solutions are available for students and teachers to view .
  • Problems can be differentiated to meet students needs.
  • Habits of Mind can be practiced.

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

role of the teacher
Role of the Teacher
  • Modeling
  • Coaching
  • Scaffolding and Fading
  • Articulation
  • Reflection
  • Exploration

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

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All Habits of Mind

  • Require a person to monitor their actions and reactions to situations.
  • Require one to “know thyself.”
  • Require that individuals recognize patterns of behavior.
  • Require that a person know that they will always learn and grow.
  • Allow a person to have a repertoire of strategies to engage a challenging task.

Categories (Possible)

Philosophical

Cognitive

Affective

Understanding

Control

Sensorial

Supple/Flexible

Exact/Detail

Capability

Commitment

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

quotes
Quotes

"The sum of one's intelligence is the sum of one's habits of mind."Lauren Resnick"Powerful indeed is the empire of habit."PublicusSyrus, 42 BC"Motivation is what gets you started. Habit is what keeps you going."Jim Ryuh

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

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"Out of clutter, find Simplicity.From discord, find Harmony.In the middle of difficulty lies opportunity."Albert Einstein"A great pleasure inLife is doingWhat people say youCannot do."Tommy John

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

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"Natural abilities are like natural plants; they need pruning by study."Francis Bacon

"What happens is not as important as how you react to what happens."Thaddeus Golas

Successful people aren't born that way. They become successful by establishing the habit of doing things unsuccessful people don't like to do. The successful people don't always like these things themselves; they just get on and do them."William Makepeace Thackeray

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

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"Perplexity is the beginning of knowledge."Kahlil Gibran"Nothing can stop the man with the right mental attitude from achieving his goal; nothing on earth can help the man with the wrong mental attitude" Thomas Jefferson

“The unfortunate thing about this world is that good habits are so much easier to give up than bad ones.”

Somerset Maugham

“ It is common sense to take a method and try it, if it fails admit it frankly, and try another, but above all try something.”

Franklin Roosevelt

“Personally, I’m always ready to learn; although I don’t always like being taught.”

Winston Churchill

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

slide35

“If the shoe fits, you aren’t allowing for growth.”

Robert Coons

The chains of habit are generally too small to be felt until they are too strong to be broken.  ~Samuel Johnson

Men's natures are alike; it is their habits that separate them.  ~Confucius, Analects

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

connect your work to the 16 habits
Connect Your Work to the 16 Habits!

Other Benefits

  • Students become familiar with rubrics and exemplary work.
  • Differentiation occurs naturally.
  • District “buzz” words don’t phase you!
  • Increased depth and complexity in the classroom.
  • Students become self-directed learners.

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007

thank you
Thank You!

Email us @

krfraley@vbschools.com

Kristen Fraley, LKMS GRT, Updated November, 2007