R K Shivpuri University of Petroleum & Energy Studies 5 th Nuclear Energy Conclave “Nuclear Energy- Inspiration for Growth and Energy Security” 6 th September 2013, Habitat Centre, New Delhi. Nuclear Energy and Sustainable Development. PLAN OF THE TALK. INTRODUCTION
U. S. A.
Human Development Index
Source of the Data:
World Bank, 1999
Human Development Report, 2001
Per Capita Electricity Consumption (kWh/year)
“There is no power as costly as no-power”
Without access to a minimum of Energy
Area: 3.28 Million Sq Km
Population: 1.27 Billion
5th largest producer of electricity in the world with
Total Installed Capacity of about 167,775 MW
Annual Per Capita Electricity Consumption is a meagre 700 kWh
0.7 billion tonne* in 2050
The deficit is practically wiped out in 2050
Required coal import:
1.6 billion tonne* in 2050
Deficit 7 GWe
Deficit 412 GWe
Deficit 178 GWe
FBR using spent fuel from LWR
Nuclear (Domestic 3-stage programme)
HydroelectricStrategies for long-term energy security
No imported reactor/fuel
LWR import: 40 GWe Period: 2012-2020
LWR import: 40 GWe Period: 2022-2030
Deficit to be filled by fossil fuel / LWR imports
*Ref: “A Strategy for Growth of Electrical Energy in India”, document 10, August 2004, DAE
* - Assuming 4200 kcal/kg
The total number of reactors in the world is 441at present which produce 393 gigawattsof electricity and the number of reactors under construction are 68.
Renaissance of nuclear power.
Nuclear Power plants
Need of Skilled Manpower
The shortage of skilled and qualified manpower – major limiting factor in development of nuclear technology particularly in developing countries.
India is planning to add several more reactors to the presently available 20 reactors. There is a serious shortage of manpower world wide and India is no exception inspite of being over a billion people !
THE ONLY OPTION IS TO FOLLOW AN
TO INCREASE THE NUCLEAR ENGINEERING MANPOWER & STRENGTHEN INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATIONS.
The implementation of a training program requires: Financial support and Organization for strengthening the educational infrastructure.
This Is True For Developed And
“MASTERS IN NUCLEAR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY”
UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & ENERGY STUDIES
The major problems in Nuclear Engineering course in any University / Institute are listed as under.
Huge gap between supply and demand : Enrollments for Nuclear Engineering (NE) programs do not show any sufficient increase while demand from industry and government is expected to increase.
Supply vs. demand : Solution
Image of the discipline : Nuclear engineering is not perceived to be a new emerging area with great opportunities.
Cooperation : There needs to be more cooperative activities among the major constituencies (industry, universities, government) in nuclear engineering and related fields.
Support for research : There is a lack of Govt. and industry support for research in Nuclear Engineering departments and this needs to be addressed.
Need for a Nuclear Reactor : There is a great need to have a nuclear reactor at a central location which will be used for student’s practical training. There is no research reactor in the country in any University/ Institute. A Nuclear reactor for teaching and training is greatly needed.
Nuclear Engineering Curriculum : Nuclear Engineering departments should attempt to follow a uniform course curriculum.