RW Trilogy • Part One:Rebellion & War (Johnny Tremain) (Star Wars) Part Two: • British Empire Strikes Back (Revolution) The Empire Strikes Back) • Part Three:Return of the Rebel (Patriot) (Return of the Jedi)
Part 1 Rebellion & WAR
Britain Response • British reaction to the Boston Tea Party was to close down Boston Harbor. • Parliament passed the Coercive Acts. It was a series of laws meant to punish Massachusetts until it paid back the tea. • A military governor would rule MA, British officials would be tried outside colony, and Colonists would have to house and feed the troops.
Colonial Reaction(First Continental Congress) • Each colony sends delegates 9/1774 • They set up Committees of Correspondence because they needed to communicate with each other. • They called for a Colonial Convention in May of 1775 in Philadelphia to discuss a course of action. • They called for a militia in each colony.
-----1775-----Minutemen • Throughout New England, militia were drilling and marching. The volunteers were called minutemen because they were ready to fight at a minute’s notice.
Patrick Henry • March 23, 1775 at St. John's Henrico Parish Church in Richmond. • Gives a famous speech stating that colonists must fight “Give me liberty, or give me death!”
-----April 19, 1775-----First Shots at Lexington & Concord • On the night of April 18th, Paul Revere & William Dawes galloped through the countryside spreading the word that the British soldiers were coming. • Captain Parker led 70 men onto Lexington town green to block passage. A shot was fired and both sides began firing. • The British then marched to Concord. • Returning to Boston proved to be a disaster as Colonists fired on the British, killing 74 and wounding 200. The war had begun!
Paul Revere’s Ride by Longfellow
-----May 10, 1775----- • Second Continental Congress meets again in Philadelphia. War seemed unstoppable. Some decided to send a peaceful petition to the King (Olive Branch Petition). They all elected George Washington as Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army. • THAT SAME DAY, rebel forces of Benedict Arnold and Ethan Allen stormed Fort Ticonderoga and took it for the colonies. It held ammunition and most importantly- cannons. • George Washington takes command of army in June of 1775 and begins training soldiers.
-----June 17, 1775-----Battle of Bunker Hill • On the night of June 16th, militiamen slipped onto the Charlestown Peninsula near Boston to take control of Bunker Hill. • They spent their time digging in. • British Governor Gage saw the threat and sent Commander Howe with 2,200 soldiers to take the hill and end the threat. • American leader, Colonel Prescott, told his men, “Don’t fire until you see the whites of their eyes.” • On the third attack, the British took the hill. BUT British losses were more than 1,000. • Americans felt they had won!
-----Fall, 1775----- • Congress wanted Canada. Richard Montgomery and 300 troops were sent to take Montreal and the forts along the St. Lawrence. Montreal fell without a fight. • Montgomery moved on Quebec. Arnold joined him with 600 troops, but it wasn’t enough. • The attack was a disaster for the Americans. Montgomery killed, Arnold was wounded. He and the surviving men fled to Fort Ticonderoga.
Winter of 1775-1776 • Henry Knox spends the winter of 1775-1776 transporting on sleds the 59 cannons that were captured at Fort Ticonderoga. • Thomas Paine publishes Common Sense in January of 1776. It sold over 100,000 copies.