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Warm-up. *Put your exit slip in the folder. * You need your packet & warm-up * What is the difference between a monomer & a polymer. * Give an example of each. On your white board. Draw. CELLS. Mouth. BLOODSTREAM. Driving question: How do cows grow?.

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warm up

Warm-up

*Put your exit slip in the folder.

* You need your packet & warm-up

*What is the difference between a monomer & a polymer.

* Give an example of each.

on your white board
On your white board
  • Draw

CELLS

Mouth

BLOODSTREAM

driving question how do cows grow

Driving question: How do cows grow?

  • What does a cow need in order to grow?
  • How does a cow use these things in order to grow?
inputs and outputs in cow s body
Inputs and outputs in cow’s body

Can you determine what happens inside cow’s body and how does cow grow and move?

matter entering and leaving animals
Matter entering and leaving animals

Materials in grass

(materials entering cow)

Materials in cow

minerals

Protein

minerals

minerals

Protein

H2O

Fat

Carbohydrates

H2O

minerals

minerals

Fat

Carbohydrates

Materials leaving cow by breathing, urination and perspiration

CO2

H2O

H2O

Protein

Cow’s feces

slide6
Food

(_____ organic molecules)

Polymers

Flow chart of tracing food inside the body

_______ system

_________

________ system

______organic molecules

Monomers

All body tissues

___________

Animal biomass

(______ organic molecules)

polymers

____________________

____

_________ system, lungs

For animal growth

____ & ___

Inorganic molecules

For animal movement

slide7
Food

(Large organic molecules

Polymers)

Flow chart of tracing food inside the body

Digestive system

Digestive

Circulatory system

Small organic molecules

Monomers

All body tissues

___________

Animal biomass

(______ organic molecules) Polymers

____________________

____

_________ system, lungs

For animal growth

____ & ___

For animal movement

slide8
Food

(Large organic molecules)

Flow chart of tracing food inside the body

Digestive system

Digestive

Circulatory system

Small organic molecules

All body tissues

Biosynthesis

Animal biomass

(Large organic molecules)

____________________

____

_________ system, lungs

For animal growth

____ & ___

For animal movement

slide9
Food

(Large organic molecules)

Flow chart of tracing food inside the body

Digestive system

Digestive

Circulatory system

Small organic molecules

All body tissues

Biosynthesis

Animal biomass

(Large organic molecules)

Cellular respiration

Cells

Circulatory system, lungs

For animal growth

____ & ___

For animal movement

slide10
Food

(large organic molecules)

Flow chart of tracing food inside the body

Digestive system

Digestion

Circulatory system

Small organic molecules

All body tissues

Biosynthesis

Animal biomass

(large organic molecules)

Cellular Respiration

Cells

Circulatory system, lungs

For animal growth

H2O & CO2

Inorganic molecules

For animal movement

comparing food molecules
Comparing food molecules

GLUCOSE

STARCH

LIPIDS

FIBER/CELLULOSE

PROTEIN

food polymers
Food Polymers

Starch

Fat

Cellulose

Protein

slide13
Food molecules are in the grass

Draw large food molecules here in grass

draw food molecules
Draw Food Molecules

1:Draw a STARCH(polymer) molecule with 6 glucose monomers (sub-units ).

2:Draw a FAT molecule with 3 fatty acid monomers to 1 glycerol molecule .

3:Draw a PROTEIN with 5 amino acid monomers.

4:Cellulose, also called fiber. Draw a CELLULOSE with 2 chains of 6 glucose molecules, placing them side-by-side and linking them together.

slide15
Digestion occurs

in stomach and small intestines

Large food molecules break into into small molecules in intestines

digest food molecules
Digest Food Molecules

1: Draw a Digested STARCH molecule by breaking the starch molecule into individual glucose molecules (monomer).

2:Draw a Digested a FAT molecule by separating the three fatty acids and the glycerol molecule.

3:Draw a Digested PROTEIN molecule by breaking the protein into individual amino acids.

4:People cannot digest FIBER (cellulose) molecules, but cattle can digest some fiber. Draw a Digested cellulose molecule by breaking the chain of glucose molecules into individual glucose molecules

slide17
Small molecules move from intestines to arteries, and the heart pumps blood and small molecules to all parts of the body.

Small molecules move through circulatory system

slide18
Draw waste molecules outside of the cow (carbohydrates in feces and urine)

Draw waste molecules in lung (carbon dioxide) and then…

Air

…Draw carbon dioxide from the breath now outside the cow

draw cow muscles
Draw Cow Muscles

What is in BEEF?

1: Draw a FAT molecule by linking 3 fatty acid monomers to 1 glycerol molecule.

2:Draw a PROTEIN molecules by linking 5 amino acid monomers.

3: What do you think happens to the molecules of food that aren’t used in biosynthesis?

slide20
Air

Wasre

Draw waste

Draw large molecules (polymers) in muscle here

…draw carbon dioxide from the breath now outside the cow

identify where chemical energy is located atomic molecular scale
Identify where chemical energy is located (atomic molecular scale):
  • Which molecules have chemical energy?

Digested monomers in cow body:

Cow muscle polymer molecules:

Cow waste molecules (feces):

Food

molecules:

Example:

CARBOHYDRATES

Example: PROTEIN

Example:

FAT

Example: AMINO ACID

slide23
Digestion at macroscopic scale

Heat

Large scale

Chemical energy

Chemical energy

Small Organic molecules

grass

scales

scales

Macroscopic

Chemical energy

Microscopic

feces

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide24
Digestion at microscopic scale

Chemical energy

Heat

Large scale

Chemical energy

Macroscopic

scales

scales

Microscopic

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide29
Analyze digestion at macroscopic scale

Large scale

scales

scales

Macroscopic

Microscopic

Atomic molecular

Tracing

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide30
Matter movement for digestion at macroscopic scale

Large scale

scales

Macroscopic

Microscopic

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide31
Matter transformation for digestion at macroscopic scale

Large scale

Small Organic molecules

grass

scales

scales

Macroscopic

Microscopic

feces

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide32
Energy transformation for digestion at macroscopic scale

Large scale

Heat

Chemical energy

Chemical energy

scales

scales

Macroscopic

Microscopic

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide33
Digestion at macroscopic scale

Heat

Large scale

Chemical energy

Chemical energy

Small Organic molecules

grass

scales

scales

Macroscopic

Chemical energy

Microscopic

feces

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide35
Matter movement for digestion at microscopic scale

Large scale

Macroscopic

scales

scales

Microscopic

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide36
Analyze digestion at microscopic scale

Large scale

Macroscopic

scales

scales

Microscopic

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide37
Matter transformation for digestion at microscopic scale

Large scale

Macroscopic

scales

scales

Microscopic

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide38
Energy transformation for digestion at microscopic scale

Large scale

Heat

Macroscopic

Chemical energy

scales

scales

Chemical energy

Microscopic

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide39
Digestion at microscopic scale

Chemical energy

Heat

Large scale

Chemical energy

Macroscopic

scales

scales

Microscopic

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide41
Analyze digestion by filters at atomic-molecular scale

Large scale

Macroscopic

Microscopic

scales

scales

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide42
Matter transformation for digestion at an atomic-molecular scale

Large scale

Macroscopic

Starch & cellulose

Sugar

Microscopic

scales

scales

Protein

amino acids

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide43
Analyze digestion by filters at an atomic-molecular scale

Large scale

Macroscopic

Microscopic

scales

scales

Click to see animation

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide44
Energy transformation for digestion at an atomic-molecular scale

Large scale

Heat

Macroscopic

Chemical energy

Microscopic

scales

scales

Chemical energy

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide45
Digestion at an atomic-molecular scale

Heat

Chemical energy

Chemical energy

Large scale

Macroscopic

Starch & cellulose

Sugar

Microscopic

scales

scales

Protein

amino acids

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide49
Matter movement for biosynthesis at macroscopic scale

Large scale

Macroscopic

Microscopic

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide50
Analyze biosynthesis by filters at macroscopic scale

Large scale

scales

scales

Macroscopic

Microscopic

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide51
Matter transformation for biosynthesis at macroscopic scale

Large scale

Large organic molecules

Small organic molecules

Macroscopic

Water

Microscopic

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide52
Energy transformation for biosynthesis at macroscopic scale

Large scale

Heat

Chemical energy

Chemical energy

Macroscopic

Microscopic

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide53
Biosynthesis at macroscopic scale

Heat

Large scale

Chemical energy

Chemical energy

Small organic molecules

Large organic molecules

Macroscopic

Microscopic

Water

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide55
How matter moves at a microscopic scale during biosynthesis

Large scale

Macroscopic

Microscopic

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide56
Analyze biosynthesis at microscopic scale

Large scale

Macroscopic

scales

scales

Microscopic

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide57
Matter transformation of biosynthesis at microscopic scale

Large scale

Macroscopic

Microscopic

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide58
Energy transformation of biosynthesis at microscopic scale

Large scale

Heat

Macroscopic

Chemical energy

Chemical energy

Microscopic

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide59
Biosynthesis at microscopic scale

Heat

Chemical energy

Large scale

Chemical energy

Macroscopic

Microscopic

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide61
Analyze biosynthesis at atomic-molecular scale

Large scale

Macroscopic

Microscopic

scales

scales

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide62
Matter movement during protein synthesis at an atomic-molecular scale

Large scale

Macroscopic

Microscopic

scales

scales

Click to see animation

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide63
Matter transformation during biosynthesis at an atomic-molecular scale

Large scale

Macroscopic

Sugar

Microscopic

scales

scales

Fat

amino acids

Protein

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide64
Energy transformation for biosynthesis at atomic-molecular scale

Large scale

Heat

Macroscopic

Chemical energy

Microscopic

scales

scales

Chemical energy

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

slide65
Biosynthesis at an atomic-molecular scale

Heat

Chemical energy

Large scale

Chemical energy

Macroscopic

Sugar

Microscopic

scales

scales

Fat

Protein

amino acids

Atomic molecular

Object

Matter

Process

Matter Movement

Carbohydrates

Material identity

Analyzing

Digestion

Biosynthesis

All

Protein

Energy

Cellular respiration

Fat

Energy transformation

Blank

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