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Learning Target: Today I am learning how to determine the meanings of words and phrases used in a text because I can analyze the theme of a poem. HOMEWORK: Read 30 minutes DAILY GRAMMAR PRACTICE Action and Linking Verbs Practice

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Learning Target: Today I am learning how to determine the meanings of words and phrases used in a text because I can analyze the theme of a poem.

HOMEWORK:

Read 30 minutes

DAILY GRAMMAR PRACTICE

Action and Linking Verbs Practice

Materials: agenda, pencil or blue/black ink pen, Poetry Notes

are you knowledgeable do you have the perseverance to finish this task
Are you knowledgeable?!?!?!Do you have the perseverance to finish this task?
  • You’re A poet!! Did You know it?
  • Create an acrostic poem with the letters of Your first Name
  • All words have to describe you

10 MINUTES….GO!

..\Online Stopwatch.mht

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THE “REAL” DEFINITION OF POETRY IS…

UP TO YOU!

Let’s share some of your definitions of poetry….

is poetry important
Is POETRY important?
  • Poetry takes a simple concept and makes it more powerful and beautiful
  • Which one of these poems is better? Why?

The Turtle

breaks from the blue-black

skin of the water, dragging her shell

with its mossy scutes

across the shallows and through the rushes

and over the mudflats, to the uprise,

to the yellow sand,

to dig her ungainly feet

a nest, and hunker there spewing

her white eggs down

into the darkness…

By: Mary Oliver

The Turtle

comes out of the water

walks across the sand

digs a nest

and lays some eggs

By: Mr. Brooks

what is figurative language
WHAT IS FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE?
  • Figurative language goes beyond the literal meaning of a word or phrase.
  • HERE ARE SOME EXAMPLES…
figurative language it s like a simile
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE: IT’S LIKE A SIMILE

– a comparison of two unlike things using the words like or as.

Examples of simile:

  • “Life is like a box ofchocolates.”
  • “The girl is as beautiful as a rose.”
  • “The willow is like an etching…”
figurative language it is a metaphor
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE:IT IS A METAPHOR

– a comparison of two unlike things without using the words “like” or “as”.

Examples of metaphor:

  • “My father is a tall, sturdy oak.”
  • “The hotel is a diamond in the sky.”
  • “The moon is a large, white balloon.”
figurative language personification
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE:PERSONIFICATION

– the giving of human qualities to an animal, object, or idea.

Examples of personification:

  • “Hungersatshivering on the road.”
  • “The flowersdanced on the lawn.”
  • “The chairskated across the floor.”

NOTE: “SpongeBob SquarePants” and “Smokey the Bear” are personified characters.

figurative language hyperbole
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE:HYPERBOLE

- an exaggerated statement used to make a point.

Examples of hyperbole:

  • “An apple a day keeps the doctor away.”
  • “I could sleep for a year.”
  • “This book weighs a ton.”
figurative language imagine the imagery
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE:IMAGINE THE IMAGERY

-figures of speech or which appeal to the five senses.

Examples of imagery:

  • “Her clammy back felt like bark of the tree after a summer’s rain.”
  • “…the small pond behind my house was lapping at it’s banks…”
  • “The willow’s music is like a soprano…”
what is a sound device
WHAT IS A SOUND DEVICE?
  • It is the effect a poem has depending on the sound of its’ words.

HERE ARE SOME EXAMPLES…

sound device sounds like onomatopoeia
SOUND DEVICE:SOUNDS LIKE ONOMATOPOEIA

- the use of words whose sounds suggest their meanings.

Examples of onomatopoeia:

  • “The bang of a gun.”
  • “The hissof a snake.”
  • “The buzz of a bee.”
  • “The pop of a firecracker.”
sound device repetition
SOUND DEVICE: REPETITION

- the repeating of sound, words, phrases or lines in a poem used to emphasize an idea or convey a certain feeling.

Examples of repetition:

  • “Sing a songfull of faith that the dark past has taught us, Sing a songof the hope that the present has brought us…”
  • “I think I can, I think I can, I think I can, I think I can…”
  • “The isolationduring my vacationcreated a situationof relaxation.”
sound device i rhyme all the time and i guess it sounds fine
SOUND DEVICE: I RHYME ALL THE TIME AND I GUESS IT SOUNDS FINE…

repetition of sound at the ends of words.

Rhyme occurring within a line is called internal rhyme. Rhyme occurring at the end of a line is called end rhyme)

Rhyme Scheme– the pattern of end rhyme in a poem. Lines that rhyme are given the same letter.

Example of internal rhyme, end rhyme, and rhyme scheme:

  • I looked at the shell in the ocean a
  • I looked at the bell in the sea, b
  • I noticed the smell and the motion a
  • Were very peculiar to me.” b
sound device do you have rhythm let s clap
SOUND DEVICE: DO YOU HAVE RHYTHM? LET’S CLAP!

– the pattern of sound created by stressed (more emphasis, `) and unstressed (less emphasis, υ) syllables. Many poems are given diacritical markings (` and υ) depending on the rhythm.

Example of rhythm:

“I looked at the shell in the ocean

I looked at the bell in the sea,

I noticed the smell and the motion

Were very peculiar to me.”

sound device assonance
SOUND DEVICE: ASSONANCE

- repetition of VOWEL SOUNDS at the BEGINNING, MIDDLE or END of at least two words in a line of poetry.

Examples of Assonance

  • Repeating the “eh” sound in the words: “crescent,” “flesh,” “extending,” “medicine” and “death”
sound device consonance
SOUND DEVICE:CONSONANCE

- repetition of CONSONANT SOUNDS at the BEGINNING, MIDDLE or END of at least two words in a line of poetry.

Examples of Consonance

Repeating the “sh” sound in the words: “shush,” “wish,” “sharp,” “cushion” and “quash”

sound device alliteration
SOUND DEVICE:ALLITERATION

- repetition of CONSONANT SOUNDS at the BEGINNING of at least two words in a line of poetry.

Examples of Alliteration

  • “Frank the frog frolicked frivolously on the furry forest floor.”
  • “…Little skinny shoulder blades Sticking through your clothes…”
  • “Sandy sold seashells by the seashore.”
what is form
WHAT IS FORM?
  • It is the physical arrangement of the words on the page, sometimes involving rhyme and rhythm. (How does the poem look on the paper?)

LINE: a sentence or fragment of sentence.

STANZA: a group of lines in a poem.

Prose = paragraphs and sentences

Poetry = stanzas and lines

form couplet
FORM: COUPLET

-a pair of lines that rhyme. A couplet may be a poem in itself or part of a larger poem.

What is an example of a COUPLET?

The artist stirred some blue and green

To paint an underwater scene.

form haiku
FORM: HAIKU

-an unrhymed poem consisting of three lines and seventeen (17) syllables. These poems are normally about nature.

The first line is five (5) syllables.

The second line is seven (7) syllables.

The third line is five (5) syllables.

What is an example of a HAIKU?

Theautumn wind blows, (5 syllables)

Calling the leaves on the ground (7 syllables)

To join him in dance. (5 syllables)

form limerick
FORM: LIMERICK

-a funny five-line poem made up of thirteen (13) beats with an “AABBA” rhyme scheme. The poem is named after the city of Limerick in Ireland.

Example of a LIMERICK…

There was a young boy from Caboo, (3 beats)

Who had trouble tying his shoe. (3 beats)

He said to his ox, (2 beats)

“I’ll just walk in my socks.” (2 beats)

Now all of his friends do that, too! (3 beats)

form free verse
FORM: FREE VERSE
  • Poetry that does not contain regular patterns of rhyme and rhythm. The lines flow more naturally and have “everyday speech” rhythm. Poets who write in free verse often use the sound devices we have already discussed.

“Southbound on the Freeway”

They all hiss as they glide,

like inches, down the marked

tapes. Those soft shapes,

shadowy inside

the hard bodies – are they

their guts or their brains

- by May Swenson

are there any questions about today s lesson
ARE THERE ANY QUESTIONS ABOUT TODAY’S LESSON:
  • FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE
  • SOUND DEVICES
  • FORM