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Learning Target: Today I am learning how to determine the meanings of words and phrases used in a text because I can analyze the theme of a poem. HOMEWORK: Read 30 minutes DAILY GRAMMAR PRACTICE Action and Linking Verbs Practice
Learning Target: Today I am learning how to determine the meanings of words and phrases used in a text because I can analyze the theme of a poem.
Read 30 minutes
DAILY GRAMMAR PRACTICE
Action and Linking Verbs Practice
Materials: agenda, pencil or blue/black ink pen, Poetry Notes
UP TO YOU!
Let’s share some of your definitions of poetry….
breaks from the blue-black
skin of the water, dragging her shell
with its mossy scutes
across the shallows and through the rushes
and over the mudflats, to the uprise,
to the yellow sand,
to dig her ungainly feet
a nest, and hunker there spewing
her white eggs down
into the darkness…
By: Mary Oliver
comes out of the water
walks across the sand
digs a nest
and lays some eggs
By: Mr. Brooks
– a comparison of two unlike things using the words like or as.
Examples of simile:
– a comparison of two unlike things without using the words “like” or “as”.
Examples of metaphor:
– the giving of human qualities to an animal, object, or idea.
Examples of personification:
NOTE: “SpongeBob SquarePants” and “Smokey the Bear” are personified characters.
- an exaggerated statement used to make a point.
Examples of hyperbole:
-figures of speech or which appeal to the five senses.
Examples of imagery:
HERE ARE SOME EXAMPLES…
- the use of words whose sounds suggest their meanings.
Examples of onomatopoeia:
- the repeating of sound, words, phrases or lines in a poem used to emphasize an idea or convey a certain feeling.
Examples of repetition:
repetition of sound at the ends of words.
Rhyme occurring within a line is called internal rhyme. Rhyme occurring at the end of a line is called end rhyme)
Rhyme Scheme– the pattern of end rhyme in a poem. Lines that rhyme are given the same letter.
Example of internal rhyme, end rhyme, and rhyme scheme:
– the pattern of sound created by stressed (more emphasis, `) and unstressed (less emphasis, υ) syllables. Many poems are given diacritical markings (` and υ) depending on the rhythm.
Example of rhythm:
“I looked at the shell in the ocean
I looked at the bell in the sea,
I noticed the smell and the motion
Were very peculiar to me.”
- repetition of VOWEL SOUNDS at the BEGINNING, MIDDLE or END of at least two words in a line of poetry.
Examples of Assonance
- repetition of CONSONANT SOUNDS at the BEGINNING, MIDDLE or END of at least two words in a line of poetry.
Examples of Consonance
Repeating the “sh” sound in the words: “shush,” “wish,” “sharp,” “cushion” and “quash”
- repetition of CONSONANT SOUNDS at the BEGINNING of at least two words in a line of poetry.
Examples of Alliteration
LINE: a sentence or fragment of sentence.
STANZA: a group of lines in a poem.
Prose = paragraphs and sentences
Poetry = stanzas and lines
-a pair of lines that rhyme. A couplet may be a poem in itself or part of a larger poem.
What is an example of a COUPLET?
The artist stirred some blue and green
To paint an underwater scene.
-an unrhymed poem consisting of three lines and seventeen (17) syllables. These poems are normally about nature.
The first line is five (5) syllables.
The second line is seven (7) syllables.
The third line is five (5) syllables.
What is an example of a HAIKU?
Theautumn wind blows, (5 syllables)
Calling the leaves on the ground (7 syllables)
To join him in dance. (5 syllables)
-a funny five-line poem made up of thirteen (13) beats with an “AABBA” rhyme scheme. The poem is named after the city of Limerick in Ireland.
Example of a LIMERICK…
There was a young boy from Caboo, (3 beats)
Who had trouble tying his shoe. (3 beats)
He said to his ox, (2 beats)
“I’ll just walk in my socks.” (2 beats)
Now all of his friends do that, too! (3 beats)
“Southbound on the Freeway”
They all hiss as they glide,
like inches, down the marked
tapes. Those soft shapes,
the hard bodies – are they
their guts or their brains
- by May Swenson