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Developmental History. Controlled Reader. Reading Eye Camera. Guided Reader. 1960’s. 1970’s-1980’s. Silent Reading Practice & Measurement. Miami Dade Research Results.

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Controlled reader

Developmental History

Controlled Reader

Reading Eye Camera

Guided Reader



Silent Reading Practice & Measurement

Controlled reader

Miami Dade Research Results

“In many cases the gains were not only statistically significant with substantive effect sizes, the contrasts between Reading Plus and non-Reading Plus groups provided interesting information regarding the magnitude of performance differences. For example, in grades 6, 7, and 8 the mean gains on the CRT portion of the FCAT were more than double the gains of non-participating students.

Dr. Timothy RasinskiReading Psychology

Reading plus builds proficiency
Reading Plus Builds Proficiency

Its goal is to help students read at or

above grade level, with good comprehension

scores and an adequate reading rate.

Controlled reader

Complex Nature of Reading

When we read do we look at every letter in each word?

The paomnnehalpweorof the hmuanmnid

Aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at CmabrigdeUinervtisy, it deosn'tmttaer in wahtoredr the ltteers in a wrod are, the olnyiprmoatnttihng is taht the frist and lsatltteer be in the rghitpclae. The rset can be a taotlmses and you can sitllraed it wouthitporbelm.

Tihs is bcuseae the huamnmniddeos not raederveylteter by sitlef, but the wrod as a wlohe.







Controlled reader

Inefficient Silent Reading

  • What does it look like when a reader lacks silent reading fluency?

  • Has laborious eye movements

  • Over relies on decoding

  • Can’t apply meaning to words instantly

  • Has habitual, mechanical or ineffective perceptual skills

Take a look at how this struggling reads silently

Controlled reader

Inefficient Silent Reading

Student’s mental efforts are directed toward “taking in text” rather than comprehension.

Controlled reader

Teaching Silent Reading?

Proficient fluency doesn’t happen through instruction

What’s the missing link between instruction and proficiency?

Controlled reader

What is SSR Missing?


Scaffolds and Structure

So…if all that is needed is silent reading practice why isn’t traditional Silent Sustained Reading the answer?

Dr. Reutzel, 2008

Controlled reader

Structure for Effectiveness

Components that need to be dynamically structured


Student Choice

Prior Knowledge


Text presentation

Text Duration





Providing these for eachstudent everytime they read

is a daunting task

Controlled reader

Efficient and Effective Practice

Reading Plus®leverages technology to assess, remediate & accelerate

the unseen and unheard

fluency skills while providing structure.



Efficient & Effective Practice

Controlled reader

Primary Structure Includes

  • Builds Attention & Motivation

  • Ensures High Success

  • Fosters Independence & Proficiency

Reading placement appraisal
Reading Placement Appraisal

Children and Adults

30-40 minutes


Independent Reading Level

Reading Rate-Words Per Minute

Vocabulary Level

Comprehension Capability

Perceptual Memory Ability

Decoding Ability

What is the rpa
What is the RPA?

  • A Placement Vehicle

  • determines PLACEMENT in all Reading Plus programs

  • Automatically places students in instructional software

  • Immediately following RPA, students can begin instruction

Rpa summary
RPA Summary

  • It is NOT.. a PRE AND POSTEST instrument

  • RPA has a Form “B” which is NOT a POSTEST

Pave perceptual accuracy and visual efficiency
PAVEPerceptual Accuracy and Visual Efficiency

  • Improves the developmental processes required for fluent reading, spelling, math or any activity requiring accurate number/letter perception

  • Improved visual skills

    • Left to right eye movement and eye tracking

    • Rapid, accurate, orderly seeing

    • Span of recognition

    • Improves recognition time

    • Strong visual memory

Pave perceptual accuracy and visual efficiency1
PAVEPerceptual Accuracy and Visual Efficiency

Automatic presentation of

  • Scan-3 scan exercises

  • Flash-10 flash exercises

  • First 5-10 minutes of every class

  • Scan warm up
    Scan Warm Up

    Develops directional attack skills

    Improves visual skills

    Improves short term memory

    Develops sustained attention

    Controlled reader

    120 lines per minute

    120 lpn in PAVE

    156 kids at Robinswood MS

    About 1/3 of the school

    25% off Tildenville ES

    Pave perceptual accuracy and visual efficiency2
    PAVEPerceptual Accuracy and Visual Efficiency

    Understanding Scan Rates

    Default Beginning Scan Rates

    Grade Initial Rate Counting

    1 20 lpm Press Space Bar

    2-4 30 lpm Count Silently

    5+ 40 lpm Count Silently

    The lowest scan rate is 20 lpm and the highest is 120 lpm.

    Controlled reader

    PAVEPerceptual Accuracy and Visual Efficiency

    Understanding Flash Elements

    Initial Elements/Flashes

    Grade # of Elements

    1 2

    2-4 3

    5+ 4

    Controlled reader

    PAVEPerceptual Accuracy and Visual Efficiency

    Understanding Scan Rates

    Scan Responds to Student Performance

    • Scan rate automatically increases and decreases based on student accuracy

    Flash warm up
    Flash Warm Up

    Letter/number order awareness

    Instant recognition

    Short term memory

    Sustained attention

    Controlled reader

    Warm Up!



    Controlled reader

    PAVEPerceptual Accuracy and Visual Efficiency

    Understanding Flash Elements

    Flash responds to Student Performance

    • Flash elements automatically increase and decrease based on student accuracy

    • The lowest number of elements flashed is 1 element

    • The highest number of elements flashed is 9 elements

    Controlled reader

    PAVEPerceptual Accuracy and Visual Efficiency

    Monitor/Respond to Student Success

    • Scan rates should be increasing

    • Flash elements should be increasing

    Controlled reader

    15 Content Levels (over 500 lessons)

    Spache Readability used for Levels 1-3

    Fry Readability used for Levels 4 and up

    100% of the DolchSight Words, over 90% of the General Service List (subset of Thorndike),

    over 90% of Zeno et al’sEducator’s Word Frequency Guide word list

    Structured Content

    Primary Levels:

    98 most frequent words

    5-8 new words added per lesson

    Comprehension skills
    Comprehension Skills

    Literal Understanding

    • Recalling Information & Details

    • Following Sequence of Ideas & Events

    • Identifying Speaker


    • Determining Main Idea

    • Making Inferences

    • Predicting Outcome

    • Drawing Conclusions

    • Interpreting Figurative Language

    • Visualizing

    • Paraphrasing


    • Comparing and Contrasting

    • Recognizing Cause and Effect

    • Classifying

    Analysis (continued)

    • Reasoning

    • Identifying Analogies


    • Detecting Author’s Purpose

    • Understanding Persuasion

    • Recognizing Slant and Bias

    • Distinguishing Between Fact & Opinion

    • Judging Validity

    • Determining Relative Importance


    • Interpreting Character

    • Recognizing Emotional Reactions

    • Identifying Mood and Tone

    • Identifying Setting

    Controlled reader

    Engaging & Diverse

    Structured Student Choice : Leveled Content of Mixed Genre

    Controlled reader

    Dynamic Differentiated InstructionScaffolded Instruction

    Controlled reader

    Normal Silent Reading Speeds by Grade Level

    Level A

    Level B

    Level C

    Level D

    Level E

    Level F

    Level G

    Level H

    Level I

    Level J

    Level K

    Controlled reader




    Controlled reader




    Vocabulary programs
    Vocabulary Programs

    Build inferential and predictive abilities to encourage independence during silent reading. Develop meaning completion strategies through structured cloze instruction with vocabulary-in-context activities.

    Controlled reader

    Reading Plus Sessions Components

    30 Minutes Reading Plus Session


    45 Minutes Reading Plus Session

    Balanced with vocabulary
    Balanced with Vocabulary

    Vocabulary Level always leads Fluency Level

    Controlled reader


    Printable Status Report

    Notes Fields

    Awarded certificate

    Reviewed Comp Reports

    Awarded certificate

    Discussed recent low scores

    Print, document,

    and save the Class Status Reports


    Controlled reader


    Reviewing Notifications

    Student Suspended

    Assistance Needed

    Level Award Earned


    Controlled reader


    Reviewing Notifications

    Double click student name


    Controlled reader


    Reviewing Notifications

    Click on “blue” line item


    Controlled reader


    • Reviewing Notifications

    • Review Details

    • Flag is cleared

    • Review Student GR Record


    Controlled reader


    • Reviewing Notifications

    • Are Rereads being used?

    • Inconsistent Comprehension?

    • Has student just leveled up?

    • Compare I-rate to G-Rate


    Controlled reader


    Sending Student Messages

    Provide positive feedback and helpful suggestions


    Controlled reader


    Sending Student Messages

    Message Sent


    Controlled reader


    Sending Student Messages

    Message presented to student at login


    Controlled reader


    Steps recommended to monitor your class:

    Review Class Status Indicators

    Review Sessions & Comprehension

    Print Status Report

    Review Notifications

    Identify Interventions

    Notify Students


    Controlled reader


    Sessions vs. Lessons


    Our end goal
    Our End Goal

    • Reading grade-level content

    • At adequate rate

    • Independently & Silently

    • With good comprehension

    • Students who enjoy reading