Hate Crime Seminar University of Sydney Friday 28 th August 2009 Policing and prosecuting Hate Crime in the UK Profess - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Hate Crime Seminar University of Sydney Friday 28 th August 2009 Policing and prosecuting Hate Crime in the UK Profess PowerPoint Presentation
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Hate Crime Seminar University of Sydney Friday 28 th August 2009 Policing and prosecuting Hate Crime in the UK Profess

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  1. Hate Crime Seminar University of Sydney Friday 28th August 2009 Policing and prosecuting Hate Crime in the UK Professor Leslie J. Moran School of Law Birkbeck College, University Of London l.moran@bbk.ac.uk

  2. Law reform and/or Institutional change • Emphasis has been on law reform focusing on perpetrator • Crime and Disorder Act 1989 New offences – • racially aggravated offences (ss 28-32) • Sentence enhancement provisions (s.33) • Criminal Justice Act 2003 (s142) • Sentence enhancement applied to sexual orientation, disability • Incitement to religious hatred Act 2006 • Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 cl 61.

  3. Institutional Change: Institutional change and citizen engagement MPS Law reform? Race Relations (Amendment) Act 2000 s.1 Discrimination by police... ss2 a) duty to eliminate b) promote equality of opportunity and good relations Institutional change • Racial and violent crime task force • ACPO Guide • Advisory Groups • Territorial Policing, Diversity and Citizen Focus Directorate • Borough Command Units, Community Safety Units, • Neighbourhood policing. • Understanding and Responding to Hate Crime

  4. Institutional focus MPS data 12 months till Jul 09 • Hate Crimes • Racial 9,509 (+3.8) • Homphobic 1,118 (+9.7) • Domestic violence 53,477 (+3.7) • All crime 842,484 (-3.7)

  5. Prosecuting Hate Crime • CPS – statutory charging • Policies and annual monitoring • Targets (28%) • stakeholder review


  6. Ongoing challenges Policing • Marginal victims: ‘real crime’, low level, messy, ‘want it to stop’ • Marginal key workers; feminisation of work (Foster, Newman and Souhami 2005) • Resource and skill fragmentation (Mason 2006, Moran and Sharpe 2004, Jacobs and Potter 1998) • Institutional models and expectations: • multiple and contradictory expectations (Steve Herbert 2006) • Subservient, (bottom up) • Separation/professional, (top down)Ownership Limits of the state (Garland 1996, 2001) • Research: Biography of a complaint • CPS/Police interface