Comfort, Rest, and Sleep • Comfort: )state is which a person is relieved of distress )that facilitates rest and sleep • Rest: (waking state characterized by reduced activity and mental stimulation) • Sleep:(state of arousable unconsciousness) • Safe, clean, and attractive environment contributes to comfort. • Environment: refers to room where the client receives nursing care and its furnishing • LIGHTING—adequate lighting, both natural and artificial is important to the comfort of clients and nursing personnel.
The Client Environment • Environment: client’s room & furnishings • Client rooms • Wall: relaxing color schemes, wallpapers • Floor: carpeted or linoleum (جلدي) surface • Lighting: adequate lighting, both natural and artificial is important to the comfort of clients and nursing personnel. • Climate control: • Temperature:most clients are comfortable if temp is 20-23˚C • Humidity: Amount of moisture in the air (30-60% comfortable). • Ventilation: Movement of air
The Client Environment (cont’d) • Room furnishings • Bed • Mattress • Pillows • Linen • Privacy curtain • Overbed table • Bedside stand • Chairs
Sleep and Rest • Functions of sleep • Reduces fatigue • Stabilizes mood • Improves blood flow to brain • Enhances various physiologic processes (Increasing protein synthesis.) • Improves immune system • Promotes emotional well-being • Improves capacity for learning and memory storage
Sleep and Rest (cont’d) • Sleep phases • Nonrapid eye movement (NREM) • Quiet sleep (نوم خفيف) • Precedes REM • Rapid eye movement (REM) • Active or deepest stage of sleep (نوم عميق) • Most dreams occur
Sleep and Rest (cont’d) • Effect of chronic sleep deprivation • Altered comfort. • Impaired coordination. • Loss of muscle mass and weight. • Increased susceptibility to infection. • Slower wound healing. • Decreased pain tolerance. • Poor circulation. • Unstable moods. • Impaired judgment.
Sleep and Rest (cont’d) • Sleep cycles • Alternate through NREM and REM phases • 4-6 times / night • Sleep requirements • Vary among different age groups • Decreases from birth to adulthood (table 18-2)
Factors affecting sleepP 380+81 • Old age • Light • Activity • Environment • Motivation • Emotions and moods • Food and beverages • Illness • Drugs • Sedatives and tranquilizers • Hypnotics • stimulants
Sleep Disorders • INSOMNIA: difficulty falling asleep, awakening frequently during the night or awakening early. • HYPERSOMINA: characterized by feeling sleepy despite getting normal sleep. • SLEEP APNEA: cessation of breathing. • HYPOPNEA: hypoventilation • PARASOMNIA: conditions associated with activities that cause arousal or partial arousal (P 385, Column II).
Nursing Implications Sleep-promoting nursing measures • Maintaining sleep rituals • Reducing intake of stimulating chemicals • Promoting daytime exercise • Adhering to regular schedule for retiring and waking • Progressive relaxation • Back massage