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Women in Western Religion Today. By Leslie Kincaid, John Michael Reyes, Max Altshuld, & Subhan Ayoubi. Presentation Content. Rules of different branches of Judaism, Christianity, & Islam Specific women in western religions today Scriptures and how they relate to change in each religion.

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Women in Western Religion Today

By Leslie Kincaid,

John Michael Reyes, Max Altshuld,

& Subhan Ayoubi


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Presentation Content

  • Rules of different branches of Judaism, Christianity, & Islam

  • Specific women in western religions today

  • Scriptures and how they relate to change in each religion


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Women in Judaism Today

Different branches different rules:

  • Reform/Reconstructionism:

    • Not uncommon to see female Rabbis or female Cantors.

    • Women can have equal roles in leading prayers and reading Torah.

  • Conservative:

    • Uncommon to see a female Rabbi/Cantor, but not unheard of.

    • Men and women may be separated.


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Women in Judaism Today

  • Orthodox:

    • Women are not allowed to be rabbis/cantors,

    • Cannot read Torah, or even be on the Bima during services.

    • Women and men sit separately.


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Advancement for Women in Judaism

  • Esther 1: 12 – 20 shows how women were treated in the biblical days.

    • How has this changed for each Jewish denomination today?

    • Orange on the Seder Plate

  • 2 Kings 22:14 - 17


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Jewish Women in Leadership Today

  • Rabbi Melanie Aron of Congregation Shir Hadash in Los Gatos relayed a much more heartening story about a lay-led Reform community in Eastern Europe. Worshippers had grown to the point where they felt they needed a rabbi, so they selected one member of their community and sent her to rabbinical school.


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Women in Christianity Today

  • Protestant

    • Different branches, different rules:

    • Conservative Branches

      • Still have ALL male clergy

    • Liberal Branches

      • Women can be pastors

      • Women are treated equal to men in almost every aspect of the church


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Women in Christianity Today

  • Eastern Orthodox

    • Do not allow women to enter the priesthood

    • Currently cannot be ordained as a deaconess

    • Cannot be priests or any type of clergy


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Women in Christianity Today

  • Roman Catholic

    • Today have more leadership than before the Second Vatican Council

    • Women cannot be priests

    • Women can hold offices that are nearly equal to that of a priest

    • Because of the decline of priests, lay women (religious or laity) have stepped up to lead communities and organizations.


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Women in Catholic Leadership

  • Paid, Professional Minister.

  • Administrator pro tem for Sacred Heart Parish, Saratoga CA in 2002

  • - City-wide (“Diocesan”) commissions

  • Faculty for the Institute for Leadership in Ministry

  • National speaker –

  • Founded lay leadership group for Diocese of San José in 2001

  • - Minister of Parish Life (2005-2006)

  • Elizabeth Lilly


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Some Statistics…

  • U.S. federal labor statistics indicate that the number of women who describe themselves as "clergy" increased from 16,408 in 1983 to 43,542 in 1996. As of 1996, 1 in every 8 clergy is female in the U.S.

  • The percentage of female graduate students at 229 North American Christian schools of theology has risen from 10% in 1972 to 30% in 1997. 1 In some schools of theology, over 50% of the students are women.

    (http://www.religioustolerance.org/femclrg6.htm)


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Advancement for WomenHow Far Have They Come?

  • Christianity

    • Ephesians 5:21 – 32 & 6:1 – 9

    • What is the Bible trying to say about the way people should treat one another?

    • Has this changed over time? How so?


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Women in Islam Today

  • Fully emancipated

  • Enjoy all rights and privileges that men have

  • Are not second grade members of community

  • Entitled to all rights on the basis of equality

  • Women have played a vital role in all times, in peace and war.

  • “Today, the modern Muslim woman is like any other women in the world, striding shoulder to shoulder, with man” (Jacket).


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Women in Islam Today

  • Women, as well as men, are encouraged to become as educated as they can

  • Women becoming scholars

  • Right to have an official position in a mosque is disputed by many

    • How about Women Imams?

  • Surah 24:31

  • Surah 4:34


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Advancement for Women in Islam

  • Recent events

    • On February 20, 2007 a female Pakistani minister, Zilla Huma Usman was shot dead by a Muslim man Mohammad Sarwar who stated, "I have no regrets. I just obeyed Allah’s commandment," adding that Islam did "not allow women to hold positions of leadership.“


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Leadership of Islamic Women

  • Ingrid Mattson

  • - New president of the "Islamic Society of North America"

  • Professor of Islamic Studies and Director of Islamic Chaplaincy at the Macdonald Center for Islamic Studies and Christian-Muslim Relations at Hartford Seminary in Hartford, CT.

  • Dr. Mattson earned her Ph.D. in Islamic Studies from the University of Chicago in 1999. Her research is focused on Islamic law and society.


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Questions:

  • In your opinion, in the three western religions today how have women become the more involved?

  • In which branch of Christianity are women allowed to become priests?

  • Why do people debate over women not being Imams?


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Other Questions?? religions today?

The End


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