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The Institute for Computing Education at Georgia Tech. Barbara Ericson Georgia Tech ericson@cc.gatech.edu http://coweb.cc.gatech.edu/ice-gt. History of ICE. Joint effort by the Georgia DOE and Georgia Tech Started in 2004 AP CS teachers needed training in Java and OO

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The institute for computing education at georgia tech l.jpg

The Institute for Computing Education at Georgia Tech

Barbara Ericson

Georgia Tech

ericson@cc.gatech.edu

http://coweb.cc.gatech.edu/ice-gt


History of ice l.jpg
History of ICE

  • Joint effort by the Georgia DOE and Georgia Tech

  • Started in 2004

    • AP CS teachers needed training in Java and OO

      • Only 44 schools offering AP CS out of > 400


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Goals of ICE

  • Increase the number of qualified computing teachers in Georgia

    • Train teachers with no formal background in Computer Science

      • Typically business teachers

  • Increase the number and diversity of computing students in Georgia


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Original Computing Courses

Computer Applications

Word, Powerpoint, Excel

IT Foundations

History, Networking, Web Dev

Programming and Systems Management

Programming, database, GUI, etc

Advanced Placement Computer Science


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Curriculum Revision

  • An external review found that Georgia's standards

    • Did not follow national standards

    • Were too broad and shallow

    • Lacked rigor

    • Were content based – not performance based


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Revision Committee

  • A committee of high school computing teachers, university faculty, and DOE staff created new performance-based standards

    • Committee met 5 times from Sept 2005 to Feb 2006

    • Created 3 new computing courses

      • Based on the ACM model curriculum for K-12

http://csta.acm.org/Curriculum/sub/ACMK12CSModel.html


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Comparing Curriculums

ACM Model Curriculum

Georgia Curriculum

Level 2 (II) Computer Science in

the Modern World

Level 2 (II) Computing in

the Modern World

Level 3 (III) Computer Science

as Analysis and Design

Level 3 (III) Beginning

Programming

Level 3 (III) Intermediate

Programming

Level 4 (IV) Topics in CS –

Advanced Placement CS

Level 4 (IV) Topics in CS –

Advanced Placement CS


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Professional Development

  • Summer workshops

    • Grown from two weeks in 2004

    • To four weeks in 2008

  • School-year workshops

    • LEGO NXT robots

    • Alice

    • Media Computation

    • Games

    • AP Exam


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Teacher Training Results

  • AP CS has grown from 44 schools in Georgia in 2004 to over 90 schools in 2009

    • https://apcourseaudit.epiconline.org/ledger/

  • 304 unique teachers from 199 schools and 12 states


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Summer 2009 Workshops

  • Computing in the Modern World

    • PicoCrickets, Scratch, Alice, and CS Unplugged Activities

  • Beginning Programming

    • Media Computation in Python and IPRE robots

  • Intermediate Programming

    • Media Computation in Java and Greenfoot

  • AP CS A

    • Alice and Media Computation, GridWorld, Greenfoot, etc


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PicoCrickets

  • Invention kit integrating art and technology

    • http://www.picocricket.com/


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Scratch

  • Free software from MIT for creating 2D animations and games

    • http://scratch.mit.edu


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Alice 2.2

  • Free software from CMU for creating 3D movies and games

    • http://www.alice.org


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Alice 3.0 Beta

  • Free software from CMU for creating 3D movies and games

    • http://www.alice.org

      • Includes the Electronic Arts Sims characters

      • Can import into Netbeans IDE as Java code


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CS Unplugged

  • Free materials for teaching computing concepts without a computer

    • http://csunplugged.org/

Binary Numbers

Network Deadlocks


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Media Computation

  • Writing textual programs to manipulate media

    http://www.mediacomputation.org

Soup-Audio Collage


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IPRE Robots

  • Parallax scribbler robots with color camera and Bluetooth

    • http://www.roboteducation.org/


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Greenfoot

  • Free software from the Un. of Kent and Deakin Un. for building 2D simulations and games in Java

    http://www.greenfoot.org


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Alice and Media Computation

  • Teaching computing concepts in Alice first and then covering the same concepts in Java with Media Computation

    • http://home.cc.gatech.edu/TeaParty


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GridWorld

  • Advanced Placement Computer Science Case Study

    • Example of a larger program for students to learn from

    • Used to teach object-oriented concepts


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Wearable Computers

  • Developed by Leah Buechley

    • Now of MIT

  • Very small computers, sensors, and lights

    • Connected with conductive thread


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Pleo Robots

  • Devloped by Ugobe

    • The creator of the Furby

  • Now owned by Innvo Labs

  • Programmed using MySkit or the Pleo Dev Kit


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Lending Library for Teachers

  • We lend our LEGO NXT robots and PicoCricket kits

    • Up to 3 weeks at a time

    • Up to 12 kits per teacher

    • Must leave a deposit

      • And lose deposit if missing parts or not sorted


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Certification Issues in CS

  • Most states do not require training in CS for teachers

    • Georgia does not require any training

    • Business teachers are considered in field for CS

http://csta.acm.org/Communications/sub/Documents.html


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Certification Issues in Georgia

  • In 2005 the Georgia Professional Standards Commission changed the rules so that only business teachers could teach AP CS

    • We would have lost an entire district of math teachers who were teaching AP CS

    • And we had a physics teacher and 2 music teachers

  • Georgia Tech was able to convince the GA PSC to allow anyone with a valid teaching certificate to teach AP CS

    • But, we wanted to ensure that teachers had sufficient training in computer science


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CS Endorsement

  • Committee formed to create an endorsement based on the NCATE standards in 2006

    • Teachers, university faculty, and Georgia Professional Standards Commission

      • Worked for 1 year

      • Posted for 6 months for comments

    • Endorsement passed in Dec 2008

      • Only voluntary for now

    • Can be added to any type of teaching certification

    • Two schools will offer it in Georgia

      • Kennesaw State University – fall 2009

      • Columbus State University – online in 2010


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Student Outreach

  • Summer Camps

    • High school since 2004

    • Middle school since 2006

    • Elem school (4th and 5th) since 2009

  • Weekend and after-school computing activities

    • Girl Scouts since 2005

    • YWCA since 2007

    • Cool Girls, Boys and Girls Clubs, Boy Scouts 2008


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Summer Camps

  • Our camps always fill

    • So we started training and providing "seed money" to other colleges and universities in Georgia in 2007

      • From NSF BPC grant

    • We have started 8 additional summer camps in Georgia since 2007

http://coweb.cc.gatech.edu/ice-gt/915


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Girl Scout Outreach

  • 2005-2006 – 40

    • LEGO robots

  • 2006-2007 – 80

    • LEGO robots and Alice

  • 2007-2008 – 428

  • 2008-2009 – 455

    • LEGO, Alice, PicoCrickets, Scratch


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YWCA – Teen Girls in Tech

  • Afterschool program at 4 area middle schools

    • Worked with since spring 2007

    • Mentored 2 FIRST LEGO League teams


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Cool Girls

  • Low income middle school girls

    • Started in fall 2008


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Boys and Girls Clubs

  • Worked with nearby location

  • Also did webinar on Scratch


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Computing Competitions

  • AP Bowl

    • Practice Advanced Placement CS Exam

  • Scratch – new in 2010

  • Alice – new in 2010

  • RoboCup Jr. – proposed

    • Dance

    • Rescue

    • Soccer


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Results?

  • One of our summer camp kids from 2005 is now a 3rd year CS major

    • Just won most outstanding Junior

    • Wants to go to graduate school

  • We get statistically significant changes in attitudes towards computing

    • In just a 4 hour workshop

    • Using PicoCrickets, Scratch, and Alice

  • Kids report an increase in interest in CS


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CS Education Info

  • The 4 years of math and science push

    • Texas gives math credit for AP CS

    • Georgia gives science credit for AP CS (just removed!)

  • The 10,000 teachers by 2015 push from Jan Cuny of the National Science Foundation

    • Development of a new AP course in computer science

    • Want a course that appeals to more people

  • Rebooting unemployed IT workers to be teachers

    • Georgia's alternative teacher prep program

  • High School Program

    • Training high school students to be helpers


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Operation Reboot

  • Transform 30 unemployed IT workers into high school computing teachers

    • 10 per year for 3 years

  • IT worker

    • Paid a stipend of $3410 a month for 11 months

    • Co-teaches 2 computing classes / sections per year with the existing computing teacher

    • Earns initial teaching certificate through GaTAPP

      • And a CS endorsement

  • http://coweb.cc.gatech.edu/ice-gt/1077


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Timeline

  • First group of 10 selected by Thanksgiving

    • Begin training Nov 30th

    • Start in classroom in Jan 2010

  • Second group of 10 selected by June 2010

    • Begin training July 2010

    • Start in classroom in Aug 2010

  • Third group of 10 selected by June 2011

    • Begin training July 2011

    • Start in classroom in Aug 2011


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How can you help?

  • Visit schools for career day

  • Allow a computing teacher to shadow you

  • Volunteer to help your local AP CS teacher

    • Or get your school to offer AP CS

  • Mentor a robot competition team

    • Or assist

  • Do workshops for youth serving organizations

  • Offer summer camps


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Funding

  • Georgia Tech and the Georgia Department of Education have both supported this effort

    • Along with the Toyota Foundation, Microsoft, Atlanta Women's Foundation, and the National Science Foundation