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The atom, from research to industry. French atomic energy commission. Defence & Security. Energy. Technologies for information and health . French atomic energy commission. 1945 : CEA foundation. Atom and its applications for France : defence, energy, research, industry.

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French atomic energy commission

The atom, from research to industry

French atomic energy commission

Defence & Security


Technologies for information and health

CEA at a glance

French atomic energy commission1
French atomic energy commission

1945 : CEA foundation

Atom and its applications for France : defence, energy, research, industry

Today : from research to industry

Reference institution at worldwide level for nuclear energy

Based on its nuclear activity, developments inducing new activities and employments

Guarantee a perennial nuclear deterrence without nuclear tests …


Reference institution at worldwide level for nuclear energy

One of the leading European bodies for technological research

CEA at a glance

Cea main figures year 2005

Third party receipts

CEA main figures (year 2005)

CEA at a glance

CEA : Organization

High Commissioner

for Atomic Energy

Bernard Bigot

General Management

Alain Bugat

Chairman and

Chief Executive Officer

Jean-Pierre Le Roux

Deputy CEO

National Institute

for Nuclear


and Techniques

4 Operational Divisions

4 Functional Divisions














and systems










CEA at a glance


Le-Ripault, Valduc

CEA : local actor with the French Regions

Nuclear sciences, software technologies, high performance computing, biomedicine

Fontenay aux Roses


Bruyères le Châtel







Lasers and plasmas


Nuclear :

Nuclear fuel cycle, waste

management Valrho

Fusion, fission



CEA at a glance

Cea main figures civil activity

Budget : 1.9 G€, including 0.8 G€ from governmental funding

CEA main figures – Civil Activity

10,528 employees

1003 ongoing PhD theses

316 post-doctoral researchers

311 priority patents filed

1180 priority patents issued

614 active priority patents

351 active licensing agreements

93 high-tech spin-offs from CEA since 1984

Main shareholder (79%) of AREVA group

59,000 employees and 10 G€ sales

(all data for year 2005)

CEA at a glance

Energy funding

Research on nuclear energy

  • - Future nuclear systems

  • Optimisation of current industrial equipment

  • Nuclear waste optimization & management

New Technologies for energy

- Hydrogen, Fuel Cells

- Photovoltaic energy, storage and rationalisation

- Materials

Basic energy research

- Controlled nuclear fusion

- Climatic and environmental sciences

- Chemical and material - radiation interactions

- Material sciences

Radiobiology - nuclear toxicology

- Radiobiology – radio-pathology

- Nuclear toxicology

CEA at a glance

Technologies for information and health
Technologies for Information and Health funding

Micro and nano-technologies

- Microelectronics

- Microsystems

- Systems for biology and health

- Telecommunications and communicating objects

- Technological application and distribution

Software technologies

- On-board and interactive systems

- Signal sensors and processors

Basic research for industrial innovation

- Nanophysics and molecular engineering

- Material sciences (from nano to macro)

- Cryotechnologies

Nuclear technologies for health and biotechnologies

- Biomolecular tagging, structural biology, protein engineering

- Operational imaging of living systems

CEA at a glance

French Energy Policy funding

On July 13, 2005, a new French energy orientation law was adopted by the Parliament and fixed 4 priorities:

  • Improving energy control efforts in order to reduce energy intensity by 2% per year until 2015 and by 2.5% out to 2030 (to divide CO2 emissions by four to 2050).

  • Confirming the nuclear option with the launch of the EPR to ensure France to maintain in the future its nuclear energy production.

  • Developing renewable energies such as wind energy and biofuels (from 15% to 21% by 2010).

  • Reinforce research into new energy technologies (hydrogen, fuel-cells, biomass…).

CEA at a glance

Wished evolution of energy sources in France funding


An energy mix


Fossil Fuels

Fossil Fuels



Nuclear power


Nuclear power

New Energies and H2, to complement nuclear power, in place of fossil fuels

CEA at a glance

Research on nuclear waste management
Research on Nuclear Waste Management funding

  • End of 2005  research results from “1991 Law” were produced June 28, 2006  a new Law for management of radioactive materials and waste was adopted by the Parliament:

    • - New Research program

    • - 2015 : Construction of a Repository

  • Reduction of the radiotoxicity : partitioning and transmutation of the most radiotoxic long-lived elements

    • Two main programmes concern partitioning:

      • PURETEX => Plutonium, Uranium

      • ACTINEX => Americium, Curium

    • Transmutation of minor actinides

      • Scientific feasibility obtained in both PWR and FBR

      • Ongoing studies aim to demonstrate the technical feasibility (materials, design and irradiation of targets using the Phenix reactor and the Atalante facility)

      • Future studies: scenarios involving various kinds of reactors (EPR, GenIV)

  • Conditioning and Long term interim storage

    • Characterization, processing and conditioning processes (reduction of waste volume, development of qualified processes : cementation, bituminization, vitrification)

    • Development and qualification of canisters for interim storage and disposal of medium and high-activity long-lived waste and spent fuel

    • Development of long term interim storage concepts

  • CEA at a glance

    Enhancing the current industrial equipment
    Enhancing the current industrial equipment funding

    CEA is conducting short and medium-term research on the existing facilities, at the request of industrial partners.

    • Support and optimize nuclear industry

      • Increase competitiveness of nuclear power generated electricity:

        • Extend life time of reactors and major components, increase flexibility and plant availability, improve fuel performance

      • Improve Nuclear Power Plants safety:

        • Severe and basic accidents, periodic safety review

      • Optimize Spent fuel Reprocessing Technology:

        • Reprocess higher burn-up UOX fuels and other types of fuels, lower the costs and the environmental impact

  • Set up experimental facilities for tomorrow and develop simulation tools

    • Development of the future generation of simulation tools

      • From the microscopic behavior to the technological model (materials and mechanics, neutronics, fuel, thermal hydraulics)

    • Updating nuclear experimental facilities

      • Research reactors (Osiris, Orphee, …) and Hot labs (Atalante, LECI, LECA-Star..)

    • Design and construction of the Jules Horowitz Reactor

  • CEA at a glance

    Future nuclear systems

    GEN IV funding



    Future Nuclear Systems

    - GEN-IV Agreement signed by France, USA, UK, Japan and Canada on February 28, 2005

    - Strategy approved by the Ministries of Research and Industry

    • Development of Fast Reactors for sustainable nuclear with a closed fuel cycle along 2 tracks:

      • Sodium Fast Reactor (SFR)

      • Gas Fast Reactor (GFR)

      • New processes for spent fuel treatment

        and recycling / Waste management

      • …« I have decided to launch, starting today, the design work by CEA of a prototype of the 4th generation reactor, which will be commissioned in 2020 »…

        J. CHIRAC – January 2006

    • Nuclear hydrogen production and VHT process heat supply to the industry

      • Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR)

      • Hydrogen production

    • Innovations for LWRs (Fuel, Systems…)

    CEA at a glance

    New Technologies for Energy funding

    • Research targets: low greenhouse gas emissions for transports and housing.

    • Hydrogen and fuel cellstechnologies

    • Hydrogen production with a nuclear power plant studies

    • High pressure hydrogen storage

    • PEMC, SOFC and micro fuel cells

    • Innovative process for biofuel production

    • Solar cells technology

    • Silicon and polymer cells

    • Solar modules and systems

    • Biomass

    • Energy storage and efficiency

    • Nanomaterials for energy

    • Platforms

    • Sushypro (Cadarache) for H2 production

    • Paclab (Grenoble) for fuel cells

    • Ines (Chambery) for solar energy

    CEA at a glance

    Highlights funding


    Fuel-Cell 80 kW

    developed by CEA/PSA

    (Jan 2006)

    CEA participates to 14 of 66 French Competitiveness Clusters (July 2005)

    CEA is in charge of the design work of a prototype of the generation-4 reactor for 2020 (January 2006)

    Creation of INES

    National Institute for Solar Energy


    (July 2006)

    Opening of Minatec

    Centre in micro-nanotechnologies


    (June 2006)

    + ITER in Cadarache

    CEA at a glance

    Cea in the european research area

    An ambition funding

    Contribute to the excellence of

    Europe in Energy, information

    and health technologies

    N° 1

    for Nuclear Energy

    A role

    Player at the local level with

    an European dimension :

    Platforms of excellence

    (Minatec, Nuclear Fission...)

    Delegate for the French

    Government (EURATOM)

    Amongst the leaders for

    - Nanotechnologies

    - Controlled fusion (Iter)

    - Radiobiology

    A potential

    Open to partnerships

    Results in 6th Framework Program

    Large Scale Facilities open to

    European scientific community

    - Number of « news instruments » projects

    under CEA coordination

    - CEA involved in more than 100 projects

    CEA in the European Research Area

    A strategy

    Collaboration with R&D

    recognised organizations &

    support to new EU member


    CEA at a glance