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15 ELECTROMAGNETIC MACHINES Magnetic field patterns. Investigate patterns of magnetic fields lines around magnets, wires and coils. Faraday’s law. Investigate the laws of electromagnetic induction. Transformer design. Review principles of transformer operation

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Presentation Transcript
15 electromagnetic machines magnetic field patterns
15 ELECTROMAGNETIC MACHINESMagnetic field patterns
  • Investigate patterns of magnetic fields lines around magnets, wires and coils
faraday s law
Faraday’s law
  • Investigate the laws of electromagnetic induction
transformer design
Transformer design
  • Review principles of transformer operation
  • Explain optimisation of transformer design in the context of magnetic circuits
eddy currents and lenz s law
Eddy currents and Lenz’s law
  • Observe and explain the effects of eddy currents in terms of Lenz’s law
dynamos and generators
Dynamos and generators
  • Explain the operation of dynamos and generators in terms of laws of electromagnetic induction
  • Learn how generator design is optimised for maximum output
the catapult effect
The catapult effect
  • Observe and explain the forces on a current-carrying wire in a magnetic field
  • Explain how this effect is used in d.c. electric motors
building electric motors
Building electric motors
  • Build and test a simple d.c. Motor
  • Compare advantages and disadvantages of d.c. motors versus induction motors
generators and motors compared
Generators and motors compared
  • Learn about similarities between them
  • Explain operation under loads
  • Derive the relation

F = I l B

starter electromagnetism revision
Starter: Electromagnetism revision

Generate questions from these answers:

  • The product of the flux multiplied by the number of turns.
  • Rate of change of flux linkage.
  • Because the direction of the EMF opposes the change producing it.
  • To minimise energy losses due to eddy currents.
  • Measure the gradient of the graph of flux against time.
  • As short and fat as possible.
  • As short and straight as possible.
  • In phase with the alternating current.
  • 90o out of phase with the flux.
  • Because eddy currents circulate in the rotor, generating their own magnetic fields which interact with the rotating flux.
  • As small an air gap as possible.