The Use of Benthic Filter Feeders to Mitigate Eutrophication in Coastal Systems. Lynn Ficarra. Eutrophication. “an increase in the rate of supply of organic matter to an ecosystem.” (Nixon 1995) N & P land clearing, sewage, fertilizer, animals, fossil fuels, industry
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supply of organic matter to
an ecosystem.” (Nixon 1995)
Remove phytoplankton, nutrients, organic materials, bacteria, and much much more!
(Ruesinket al. 2005, Gili and Coma 1998, Levinton 1972).
(Comeauet al. 2008, Rice 2001, Eastern Oyster Biological Review Team 2007)
Gili and Coma 1998
(Ruesink 2005, MacKenzie 1996, Stanley and Sellars 1986, Galtsoff 1964, Shumway 1996, Eastern Oyster Biological Review Team 2007, Pechenik2005)
(Zagataet al. 2008, Goulletquer2012, Bayne and Widdows1978)
Refer to Accompanying Paper