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Enlightenment. What is it?. European movement in literature and philosophy “darkness” of past ages corrected by human reason. Who?. John Locke, English Two Treatises of Government The state is supreme, must follow natural laws based on people’s rights Ultimate power is with the people

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what is it
What is it?
  • European movement in literature and philosophy
  • “darkness” of past ages corrected by human reason
slide3
Who?
  • John Locke, English
  • Two Treatises of Government
    • The state is supreme, must follow natural laws based on people’s rights
    • Ultimate power is with the people
    • Right to revolt if government fails to protect rights
locke s impact
Locke’s Impact
  • Rationale for Revolution
  • Principles of Constitution
others
Others
  • Formative influence on Washington, Jefferson, Franklin, Adams
  • Deists
    • God established natural laws in creating, but not involved in human affairs
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau
    • Education of whole person is key to civilization
rousseau discourse on inequality
Rousseau – Discourse on Inequality
  • “The first man who, having fenced in a piece of land, said "This is mine," and found people naïve enough to believe him, that man was the true founder of civil society. From how many crimes, wars, and murders, from how many horrors and misfortunes might not any one have saved mankind, by pulling up the stakes, or filling up the ditch, and crying to his fellows: Beware of listening to this impostor; you are undone if you once forget that the fruits of the earth belong to us all, and the earth itself to nobody. ”
revolutionaries
Revolutionaries
  • Simón Bolívar
  • French Revolution