dwarf or shining sumac rhus copallina n.
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  1. Dwarf or Shining SumacRhuscopallina Alex Neumann

  2. Dwarf Sumac Classification Figure 1: Dwarf Sumac Classification Table

  3. Shape, Form, and Type of Tree • The dwarf Sumac tree is a relatively small tree, about four to ten feet tall. • Also, it is only about three to eight inches in diameter. • Because of its small size, this three usually falls under the category of shrub rather than tree. Figure 2: Dwarf Tree

  4. Bark • The color of the bark of the Dwarf Sumac tree is generally between gray and light brown. • Sometime the bark also has tints of red in it. • When the tree is younger it is very smooth, but as it ages it becomes more scaled and rough. Figure 3: Dwarf Tree Bark

  5. Twig • The twigs of the Dwarf Sumac, like the bark of the tree, are a brownish color, but are also more obviously tinted. • These twigs are textured, which means they are not rough, but they are also not very smooth. Figure 4: Dwarf Tree Twig

  6. Leaf Description • These leaves are pinnately compounded and are about twelve inches in length. • Each leaflet carries anywhere from seven to fifteen leaves. • The top side of the leaf is also substantially darker green than the bottom side, and all the leaves are covered in a layer of fuzz. Figure 5: Dwarf Tree Leaves

  7. Bud, Fruit, and Flower • Buds: the buds of the shining sumac are very small in size. They are also covered with a hairy layer much like the leaves. They are rounded and occur in large groups. • Fruit: the fruit of this tree is a very dark red color. It’s very small, being only one-eighth of an inch long. Another interesting fact about this tree is that the fruit occurs all through the winter. • Flowers: the flowers of this tree do not bloom until mid to late summer, but when they do, they are a yellowish green color. They are three to five inches wide and occur in large clusters.

  8. Bud, Fruit, and Flower Pictures Figure 6: Dwarf Sumac Bud Figure 8: Dwarf Sumac Flower Figure 7: Dwarf Sumac Fruit

  9. Habitat and Range • This tree is also very adaptable so it can grow in many different places such as on road sides, rocky ridges, in the forest, and in empty fields. • Do to its adaptability this tree is found all over the United States. It is mainly found in the New England area, down to Florida and Texas, and over through Oklahoma. Figure 9: Dwarf Sumac Graph

  10. Usage • This is often used as an oriental tree because it is one of the only sources of food in the winter. • It is also necessary to the birds, because it is one of the only sources of food during the winter. • Also because of its denseness, it makes for a good shelter. Figure 10: Dwarf Sumac tree Branch

  11. Figure References • Figure 1: USDA, NRCS. 2010. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov/java/ClassificationServlet?source=profile&symbol=RHCO&display=31, 23 June 2010). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. • Figure 2: "southeastern U.S. trees ." Bioimages. Vanderbuilt, n.d. Web. 24 June 2010. http://www.cas.vanderbilt.edu/bioimages/biohires/r/hrhcol2wpfall-color16684.JPG • Figure 3: "southeastern U.S. trees ." Bioimages. Vanderbuilt, n.d. Web. 24 June 2010. http://www.cas.vanderbilt.edu/bioimages/biohires/r/hrhcol2br13540.JPG • Figure 4: "southeastern U.S. trees ." Bioimages. Vanderbuilt, n.d. Web. 24 June 2010. http://www.cas.vanderbilt.edu/bioimages/biohires/r/hrhcol2twpetiole12585.JPG • Figuer 5: "southeastern U.S. trees ." Bioimages. Vanderbuilt, n.d. Web. 24 June 2010. http://www.cas.vanderbilt.edu/bioimages/biohires/r/hrhcol2lfseveral12580.JPG • Figure 6: "southeastern U.S. trees ." Bioimages. Vanderbuilt, n.d. Web. 24 June 2010. http://www.cas.vanderbilt.edu/bioimages/biohires/r/hrhcol2flinflor-close13535.JPG • Figure 7: "southeastern U.S. trees ." Bioimages. Vanderbuilt, n.d. Web. 24 June 2010. http://www.cas.vanderbilt.edu/bioimages/biohires/r/hrhcol2frcloseup15448.JPG • Figure 8: "southeastern U.S. trees ." Bioimages. Vanderbuilt, n.d. Web. 24 June 2010. http://www.cas.vanderbilt.edu/bioimages/biohires/r/hrhcol2fl54528.jpg • Figure 9 USDA, NRCS. 2010. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RHCO&photoID=rhco_004_ahp.tif, 23 June 2010). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. • Figure 10: Shearer, Lee. "Botanists play the mating game with dwarf sumac || OnlineAthens.com." Online Athens | Athens Banner-Herald | Athens, Ga.. Lee Shearer , 15 Feb. 2010. Web. 24 June 2010. <http://onlineathens.com/stories

  12. References • Shape, Form, and Type of Tree: Dwarf Sumac." OPLIN | Ohio Public Library Information Network. Ohio Public Library Information Network (OPLIN), 1 Jan. 2001. Web. 24 June 2010. http://www.oplin.org/tree/fact%20pages/sumac_dwarf/sumac_dwarf.html • Bark: "Rhuscopallinum Fact Sheet." College of Natural Resources | Virginia Tech . Department of Forest Resources and Enviromental Conservation, n.d. Web. 24 June 2010. http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=79 • Twig: "Rhuscopallinum Fact Sheet." College of Natural Resources | Virginia Tech . Department of Forest Resources and Enviromental Conservation, n.d. Web. 24 June 2010. http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=79 • Leaf Description: Dwarf Sumac." OPLIN | Ohio Public Library Information Network. Ohio Public Library Information Network (OPLIN), 1 Jan. 2001. Web. 24 June 2010. http://www.oplin.org/tree/fact%20pages/sumac_dwarf/sumac_dwarf.html • Bud, Fruit, and Flower: "Rhuscopallinum Fact Sheet." College of Natural Resources | Virginia Tech . Department of Forest Resources and Enviromental Conservation, n.d. Web. 24 June 2010. http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=79 • Habitat and Range: USDA, NRCS. 2010. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=RHCO, 23 June 2010). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. • Usage: "Rhuscopallinum Fact Sheet." College of Natural Resources | Virginia Tech . Department of Forest Resources and Enviromental Conservation, n.d. Web. 24 June 2010. http://www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=79