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The Economic and Social Benefits of Investing in Early Childhood Development Inclusive Early Child Development – an Underestimated Component within Poverty Reduction 03 – 04 February, 2011, Bonn. Emiliana Vegas, The World Bank. Presentation Overview.

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emiliana vegas the world bank

The Economic and Social Benefits of Investing in Early Childhood DevelopmentInclusive Early ChildDevelopment –an UnderestimatedComponent within PovertyReduction03 – 04 February, 2011, Bonn

Emiliana Vegas, The World Bank

presentation overview
Presentation Overview
  • Why invest in Early Childhood Development (ECD)?
  • What factors affect ECD and life outcomes?
  • Definitions: Early Childhood Development, ECD programs and ECD policies.
  • What programs affect ECD (and How)?
  • From Programs to Policies to Build (or Strengthen) ECD Systems: Introducing SABER
  • SABER’s framework for ECD
inequality of opportunity starts before birth and grows deeper during the first years of life
Inequality of opportunity starts before birth, and grows deeper during the first years of life

Source: Paxsonand Schady, JHR, 2007

what happens in ecd has lasting outcomes context and policy matter
What happens in ECD has lasting outcomes, context and policy matter

Early

Childhood

Development

Cognitive development

Socio-emotional

development

Physical well-being

and growth

Context

Macro (country)

Micro (family)

Life Outcomes

Education

Health

Fertility

Income

Risky behaviors

ECD Policies

Health, hygiene,

and nutrition

Education

Poverty alleviation

Source: Vegas and Santibáñez 2010

ecd investments have lasting impacts on individuals and society
ECD investmentshavelastingimpactsonindividuals and society
  • Thereisconsistentevidence of theeffectsthatearlychildhooddevelopmentinterventionshaveonfuturelifeoutcomes:
    • Education
    • Labor insertion and wages
    • Health, fertility
    • Probability of engaging in riskybehaviors
  • Theimpact of theseinterventionsisgreater in themost vulnerable populations
    • ECD investments are economicallyefficient and equity-enhancing
ecd interventions have higher returns than interventions later in life
ECD interventionshavehigherreturnsthaninterventionslater in life

8

6

Pre

-

school Programs

Return

per $

invested

School

4

Opportunity cost of funds

Job Training

2

Pre

-

Post

-

school

school

School

0

6

18

Age

Source: Carneiroand Heckman (2003)

presentation overview1
Presentation Overview
  • Why invest in Early Childhood Development (ECD)?
  • Definitions: Early Childhood Development, ECD programs and ECD policies.
  • What programs affect ECD (and How)?
  • From Programs to Policies to Build (or Strengthen) ECD Systems: Introducing SABER
  • SABER’s framework for ECD
definitions
Definitions
  • Early Childhood Development as the period from when a child is conceived to six years of age (0-6).
  • ECD programs include specific interventions that may vary according to primary objective, coverage (small scale, universal), and other program characteristics.
  • ECD policies refer to the regulatory framework and institutional arrangements for service delivery at the national and/or state level to ensure that a nation’s children have access to quality ECD services.
presentation overview2
Presentation Overview
  • Why invest in Early Childhood Development (ECD)?
  • Definitions: Early Childhood Development, ECD programs and ECD policies.
  • What programs affect ECD (and How)?
  • From Programs to Policies to Build (or Strengthen) ECD Systems: Introducing SABER
  • SABER’s framework for ECD
slide10

Programs that affect ECD

Child

Prenatal

0-2

3-4

5-6

Mother(prenatal)

Mother/Father/

Caregiver

Healthcare and hygiene

Maternal/prenatal health

Water and sanitation

Healthcare prevention

Mental Health

Education

Preschool (3-6)

Care (0-3)

Poverty alleviation

Income transfers

Maternity/paternityleave

Female labor participation

Home infrastructure

Nutrition

Food and supplements

impact of ecd programs
Impact of ECD programs
  • Interventionswithnutritionalcomponentshave positive effectson:
    • growth and physicalwell-being
    • cognitivedevelopment
  • CCTshave positive impactson:
    • healthcareprevention and control
    • cognitive and socioemotionaldevelopment
  • Preschoolattendance has positive effectson:
    • cognitive and socioemotionaldevelopment
    • theprobability of continuing in school
    • reducedparticipation in riskybehaviors
  • Buttheimpactisgreatestwheninterventions are multi-sectoral and integrated
presentation overview3
Presentation Overview
  • Why invest in Early Childhood Development (ECD)?
  • Definitions: Early Childhood Development, ECD programs and ECD policies.
  • What programs affect ECD (and How)?
  • From Programs to Policies to Build (or Strengthen) ECD Systems: Introducing SABER
  • SABER’s framework for ECD
from programs to policies to build or strengthen ecd systems
From Programs to Policies to Build (or Strengthen) ECD Systems
  • SABER : System Assessment and Benchmarking for Education Results, intends to:
    • Develop knowledge & tools to systematically help countries:
      • make better policy and program choices based on better evidence and analysis
      • to get better educational results
  • Fills a major gap in the availability of policy data, information, & knowledge on what matters most to improve the quality & relevance of human development policies, especially in education
components of saber
Components of SABER
  • Teachers
  • Materials & ICT
  • Infrastructure
  • Service Delivery
  • Sub-systems
  • Early Childhood Development
  • Primary & secondary schooling
  • Tertiary education
  • School health
  • Second-chance programs
  • Workforce Development

Learning

for all

  • Governance & Institutions
  • System-wide Quality Assurance
  • Learning Standards
  • Learning Assessments
  • Information management
  • Financing
  • Non-government provision
  • Equity & Inclusion
  • Political Economy
slide15

SABER Development Cycle

An iterative process

Conceptualization

framework and system tools developed

Knowledge

Technical and financial support

Strategic partnerships

Engagement validation, prototyping, building ownership

Learning

staff competencies, partner capacities, SABER Development

Implementation

piloting , scaling-up, going global

Communication

Dissemination, knowledge exchange, online knowledge base

saber s framework for ecd
SABER’s Framework for ECD
  • Stocktake & classify programs
  • Stocktake & analyze policies
    • assess policy development
  • Identify Options
    • Country-specific options, based on international experience
1 stocktake classify ecd programs
1. Stocktake & classify ECD programs

9 Key Characteristics:

  • Primary policy objective;
  • Brief description;
  • Focus area/intervention mechanism;
  • Coverage/access;
  • Institutional arrangements;
  • Financing;
  • Service providers;
  • Quality assurance mechanisms;
  • Challenges for going to scale and improving service delivery.
4 categories

Comprehensive

4 Categories

Coordinated interventions across multiple sectors

Multi-Sectoral

Complexity of Institutional Arrangements

Cross-Sectoral

Sectoral

Focus Areas/Mechanisms

Single Sector

Specific Sector w/ inputs from other sector

Multiple sectors, specific programs for targeted or universal populations

Comprehensive regular monitoring, some universal services, with tailored interventions

2 stocktake and analyze ecd policies
2. Stocktake and analyze ECD policies

Policy Goals:

Policy Levers

(indicators):

Levels of development:

  • Latent
  • Legal framework
  • Coordination
  • Financing
  • Coverage
  • Programs
  • Policy focus
  • Emerging
  • ECD information
  • Quality standards & compliance
  • Established
  • Mature
ecd policy goals and levels of development
ECD Policy Goals and Levels of Development

Level of Development

Policy Goals

Policy Levers

LATENT

EMERGING

ESTABLISHED

MATURE

regulations in some

Legal Framework

non existent

minimal

developed

sectors

Establishing an

high inter

-

Enabling

Coordination

low within sector

high within sector

low inter

-

institutional

institutional

Environment

some programs with

many programs with

sustained for

Financing

ad hoc

sustained

sustained

attaining goals

universal in some

Coverage

low

expanding

universal in ECD

sectors

established in few

established in several

Programs

pilot

established in ECD

Implementing

sectors

sectors

Widely

integrated

Policy

Focus (health,

well established

services

nutrition, education

some and minimal

some established

services

universally

& child protection)

provided

outcomes at

outcomes at national

outcomes at national,

national, regional,

ECD Information

minimal measures

level

regional, local level

local & individual

level

Monitoring and

Standards in all

Assuring

sectors,

Quality

Standards in most

Quality Standards &

Limited or no

Standards in some

compliance is

sectors, compliance is

Compliance

standards

sectors

regularly

monitored regularly

monitored and

enforced

next steps
NextSteps
  • World Bank is finalizing data collection instruments for ECD programs and policies
  • Data collection to begin in Uzbekistan, Turkey, Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Analysis and preparation of Reports for each Country/System
  • Development of user-friendly, web-based tool to disseminate information ECD Policies and Programs Around the World
thank you

Thank You!

Thank You!

evegas@worldbank.org