Bell Ringer #3 Last time we learned about John Locke and his impact on our government. Open up our classroom text book and read about him on page 40, then answer the following questions. According to Locke, what is the source of a government’s right to rule? What did people create to protect their rights? Why did his ideas influence Americans? What are “natural rights”?
New England Colonies • Middle Colonies • Southern Colonies
New England • Read pgs 37-39=to Life in the Middle Colonies • Summarize the section • Which colonies made up New England? • What was New England’s economy based on? (fishing, family, subsistence farms, and lumber mills) • What type of soil did they have? (thin and rocky soil) Was it good for farming? NO! • What type of farming did they practice? (Subsistence farming) • What industries worked well there? (fishing, lumber, making ships) • Their social life centered around? (towns) • Describe their local governments? (had town meetings, and people could all participate, elected who they wanted) • What are the characteristics of the Puritans? (very religious, hard working, no gambling-card playing, valued education) • What was the Triangular Trade? (Three way exchange of goods. New England good to The Caribbean’s got English credit slips, then gave to England for finished goods) • What was the hierarchy in the New Urban Society? (wealthy merchants, skilled artisans, inn keepers and retailers, people without skills or property, indentured servants and enslaved Africans.)
Middle Colonies • Read pgs 39-41 • Summarize the section • Which colonies made up the Middle Colonies? (Penn, New York, New Jersey, and Delaware) • There big cities were located where? (along the coast) • What type of soil did they have? (fertile soil, like the south helped them have long growing seasons) • What were some of the types of crops they grew? (rye, oats, barley, potatoes, wheat) • What was their main cash crop? (wheat) • What was the Imperial System? (based on Mercantilism=a country needed to have lots of gold and silver and they did this by having the raw goods so they could be self sufficient) • What were the Navigation Acts? (Charles II his attempt to make money off of the colonists by restricting their trade.) • Why were they a problem? (made colonists mad, tried to control them and lead to the Revolution) • Where did the Glorious Revolution take place? (England) • Why did it affect the Colonists? (gave them more rights and they supported the English Bill of rights)
Southern Colonies • Read pgs 34-36 • Summarize the section • What type of soil did they have (rich, fertile) • Which colonies made up the Southern Colonies? (Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia) • What was their most successful cash crop? (tobacco) • What are indentured servants? (people agreeing to work for their passage) • Describe the hierarchy? (plantation owners, landowners and small farmers, landless and tenant farmers, indentured servants and slaves) • What was Bacon’s Rebellion? (Nathaniel Bacon, first made at Natives wanted more land, then burned down Jamestown.) • Bacon’s Rebellion accelerated what and why? (slavery, less indentured servants) • English government adopted polices that encourage_________? (slavery)
Mayflower Compact Activity Signing the Mayflower Compact by Edward Percy Moran
Mayflower Compact Activity • Goal: Select a type of colony and form a governing document for it (Create your own document) • Pretend you are an Englishman or Englishwoman living in the late 1600s. You and a group of colonists have decided to go to America, and your duty is to form a document that your colony will be governed by. • Step 1-You must decide what type of colony it will be and determine what its purpose is.5 pts • Step 2- Next you will read the Mayflower Compact document and use this governing document as a model for forming your own. • Step3- Write your own document (ideas; who will be allowed to live there, why are you establishing a new colony, what does it offer, what laws need to be obeyed, who is the leader, ect) 10pts • Step 4- Create a poster/advertisement that will attract settlers to your colony. (why should they settle there, benefits, freedoms, ect) 5 pts
Exit Slip • Pick one of the three categories of the colonies and describe it.