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Issues and Challenges of Decaying Urban Water Infrastructures in Nigeria. J. A. Otun 1 , I.A. Oke 2 and A.M. Oguntuase 3. 1 Dept. of Water Resources &Environmental Engineering, ABU , Zaria, Nigeria 2 Dept. of Civil Engineering, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife Nigeria

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issues and challenges of decaying urban water infrastructures in nigeria

Issues and Challenges of Decaying Urban Water Infrastructures in Nigeria

J. A. Otun1, I.A. Oke2 and A.M. Oguntuase3

1Dept. of Water Resources &Environmental Engineering, ABU , Zaria, Nigeria

2Dept. of Civil Engineering, ObafemiAwolowo University, Ile-Ife Nigeria

3Dept. of Civil Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Akure Nigeria

slide2

Presentation Outline

  • Background and Status of Urban Water Infrastructures in Nigeria
  • Issues of Decaying Urban Water Infrastructures in Nigeria
  • Challenges in Asset Management of Urban Water Infrastructures in Nigeria
  • Way Forward
  • Conclusion
slide3

Background

  • In Nigeria, Urban Water Infrastructures (UWI) are mainly owned and operated by government owned Public water utilities (PWUs);
  • UWI are generally complex by nature and require robust management practices;
  • Prior to 1980s, UWI experienced rapid developments in Nigeria due to enormous investment in water sector;
  • An average of three (3) large water utilities exists in each of the 36 states and FCT in Nigeria;
    • Prior to the military era of governance, PWUs was satisfactorily operated and managed,
  • Concern over poor access to urban water supply and dwindling rate of expanding UWI;
status of uwi in nigeria
Status of UWI in Nigeria

2010 Conditional Survey

  • Unsavory state of UWI; fairly poor conditions.
      • Aged & dilapidated assets well past their expected asset lives still in use
      • Frequent breakdowns; Dysfunctional UWIs and High UFW;
      • Low Capacity utilization (<<< 45% )
      • Low coverage and epileptic service delivery
      • Unwillingness to pay- poor service syndrome
  • Asset inventories rarely exist
    • Lack of adequate UWI information database;
      • hampers informed asset management decision‐making;
      • poor knowledge of the locations and conditions of UWI; misplacement of vital engineering drawings and data;
  • Decaying UWIs in Nigeria
    • Resulting in a growing replacement need and large re-investment cost.
  • Lack of plan and funding for Infrastructure Asset Management (IAM)
overview of uwi in nigeria
Overview of UWI in Nigeria

Dilapidated Tank

Leakages in Pipelines

Poor service

Low revenue

slide6

Issues of Decaying UWIs in Nigeria

  • Evolving ageing and dilapidated Infrastructure
    • Huge maintenance backlogs after frantic efforts of rehabilitation
    • High cost of replacement amidst dwindling financial resources
  • Constrained operating conditions and environment
    • No adequate regulatory provisions (No bench marking; No code of Practice; water law)
    • Inadequate and Inconsistent financial disbursement for O&M;
    • Poor maintenance culture and attitude;
    • Corruptive attitudes and tendencies;
    • Inadequate asset management practices
  • Lost valuable resources and skills in the past years;
    • Ageing workforce whose retirement creates a big knowledge Gap
    • required capacity building programmes;
challenges
Challenges
  • Improving institutional frameworks for development of UWIs in PWUs;
  • Facilitate enabling political will to restructure PWUs and water governance in Nigeria;
  • Legal and regulatory frameworks (Bench marking, code of practice, enacting water law)
  • Socio-cultural frameworks (Creating attitudinal change in maintenance culture; curbing corruptive practices)
  • Mobilize financial investment and technical capabilities;
  • Upgrade and rehabilitate water assets in PWUs;
  • Attract sustainable private sector participation
slide8

Way Forward

  • Development of water assets database for effective water infrastructural management;
  • Facilitating the establishment of enabling environment for effective asset management system in Nigerian water sector;
  • Financing assets development and management;
  • Developing and Implementing a Comprehensive Water Infrastructural Management Strategic Plans (WIMS) for each PWUs in Nigeria;
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Urban water Infrastructures in PWUs in Nigeria are ageing, deteriorated and poorly managed. It requires total over hauling to eliminate their consequent public health and environmental risks;
  • Some challenges and opportunities for achieving a sustainable and management of these urban water infrastructures in the nearest future were opined.