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FRUIT. FRUIT. FRUIT FUNCTION. FRUIT ORIGIN (I): OVARY. FRUIT ORIGIN (II): OVARY + HYPANTHIUM. FRUIT ORIGIN (III): OVARY + HYPANTHIUM + BRACTS. Fruit Contents. Banana: Fruit Contents?. Banana: Fruit Contents. FRUIT TERMINOLOGY. Legume. Nut. Capsule. Nutlet. Berry. Grain. Achene.

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Presentation Transcript
slide6
FRUIT ORIGIN (III):

OVARY + HYPANTHIUM + BRACTS

slide10
FRUIT TERMINOLOGY

Legume

Nut

Capsule

Nutlet

Berry

Grain

Achene

Drupe

Schizocarp

slide11
FRUIT CATEGORIES

B) Dry, Indehiscent

A) Fleshy

D) Dry, Dehiscent,

Delayed Seed Release

C) Dry, Dehiscent,

Immediate Seed Release

slide13
REGIONS OF THE PERICARP

Endocarp

Exocarp

Mesocarp

slide14
A) FLESHY FRUITS: BERRY

(Fleshy Throughout)

slide15
A) FLESHY FRUITS: BERRY

(Special Berries)

Hesperidium

Pome

Pepo

slide16
A) FLESHY FRUIT: DRUPE

(Stony Endocarp)

slide17
A) FLESHY FRUIT: DRUPE

(Stony Endocarp)

slide18
B) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUITS: ACHENE

(Seed Attaches to Pericarp at a Single Point)

slide19
B) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUITS: ACHENE

(Seed Attaches to Pericarp at a Single Point)

Pericarp

Seed

slide21
B) SPECIAL ACHENES: CYPSELA

(Achene with a Parachute)

slide22
B) SPECIAL ACHENES: UTRICLE

(Loose Bladdery Pericarp)

slide23
B) SPECIAL ACHENES: SAMARA

(Winged Achene)

Elm

Tree-of-Heaven

Ash

slide24
B) SPECIAL ACHENES: SAMARA

(Winged Achene)

**Maple

slide25
B) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUITS: GRAIN

Oat

Rice

CORN

Wheat

(= Caryopsis)

slide26
B) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUITS: GRAIN

(Pericarp Fused to Seed at All Points)

PERICARP

PERICARP

PERICARP

SEED

PERICARP

slide27
B) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUITS: NUT

(Like a Large Achene with a Husk)

Walnut

Acorn

slide28
C) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUIT WITH

IMMEDIATE SEED RELEASE: FOLLICLE

(1 Carpel, Splits on One Side)

Milkweed

slide29
C) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUIT WITH

IMMEDIATE SEED RELEASE: FOLLICLE

(1 Carpel, Splits on One Side)

Larkspur

slide30
C) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUIT WITH

IMMEDIATE SEED RELEASE: LEGUME

(1 Carpel, Splits on Two Side)

Peanut

Green Bean

Snap Pea

slide31
C) SPECIAL LEGUME: Loment

Desmodium (Tick-Trefoil, Beggar’s Lice)

slide32
C) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUIT WITH

IMMEDIATE SEED RELEASE: CAPSULE

(>= 2 Fused Carpels, Usually with Chambers)

Iris

slide34
C) CAPSULE DEHISCENCE

Poricidal Capsule

Denticidal Capsule

Circumscissile Capsule

slide35
D) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUIT WITH

DELAYED SEED RELEASE: SCHIZOCARP

(Separate Pieces are the Mericarps)

Hollyhock, Globe Mallow, etc.

(Splits Between the Carpels)

slide36
D) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUIT WITH

DELAYED SEED RELEASE: SCHIZOCARP

(Separate Pieces are the Mericarps)

Maple

(Splits Between the Carpels)

slide37
D) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUIT WITH

DELAYED SEED RELEASE: SCHIZOCARP

(Separate Pieces are the Mericarps)

Carrot Family

(Splits Between the Carpels)

slide38
D) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUIT WITH

DELAYED SEED RELEASE: SCHIZOCARP

(Separate Pieces are the Mericarps)

Geranium

slide39
D) DRY, DEHISCENT FRUIT WITH

DELAYED SEED RELEASE: NUTLETS

Borage, Mint and Vervain

Families

(Splits Between and Through the Carpels)

slide40
DRY, DEHISCENT FRUIT WITH

DELAYED SEED RELEASE

Schizocarp

(Splits Between Carpels)

Nutlet

(Splits Between and

Through Carpels)

slide42
AGGREGATE OF ACHENES

(Origin: A Flower)

slide43
AGGREGATE OF DRUPES

(Origin: A Flower)

slide44
AGGREGATE OF ACHENES

(Origin: A Flower)

slide45
MULTIPLE OF BERRIES

(Origin: Many Flowers)

slide46
MULTIPLE OF GRAINS

(Origin: Many Flowers)

slide47
MULTIPLE OF ACHENES

(Origin: Many Flowers)

slide48
MULTIPLE OF BERRIES

(Origin: Many Flowers)

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